Английский язык 5 класс Учебник Верещагина Афанасьева часть 1

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I. N. Vereshchagina О. V. Afanasyeva ''i* * s *(• rjV'i PROSVESHCHENIYE PUBLISHERS ^ W ЧИ М . '№:Д^ ■ ФГОС и. Н. Верещагина О. В. Афанасьева АНГЛИИСКИИ ЯЗЫК V класс Учебник для общеобразовательных организаций и школ с углублённым изучением английского языка с приложением на злектронном носителе В двух частях Часть 1 Рекомендовано Министерством образования и науки Российской Федерации 2-е издание Москва «Просвещение» 2013 УДК 373.167.1:811.111 ББК 81.2АНГЛ-922 В31 На учебник получены положительные заключения Российской академии наук (№ 10106-5212/202 от 12.10.11) и Российской академии образования (№ 01-5/7д-288 от 17.10.11) Условные обозначения ©) — задание с использованием аудиозаписи 1Ш — задание для подготовки к экзамену (prepare for the final assessment) — разговорные клише (conversational formulas) Vs — глагол в 3-M лице ед. числа настоящ,его времени Ved — глагол (правильный) в форме Past Simple Vg — третья форма глагола (причастие прошедшего времени) Верещагина И. Н. В31 Английский язык. V класс. Учеб, для общеобразоват. организаций и шк. с углубл. изучением англ. яз. с прил. на электрон, носителе. В 2 ч. Ч. 1 / И. Н. Верещагина, О. В. Афанасьева. — 2-е изд. — М. : Просвещение, 2013. — 174 с. : ил. — ISBN 978-5-09-031045-1. Учебник является основным компонентом учебно-методического комплекта «Английский язык» и предназначен для учащихся V класса общеобразовательных организаций и щкол с углублённым изучением английского языка. В учебник включены уроки для повторения материала, пройденного во 2—4 классах, и основной курс. Задания учебника направлены на тренировку учащихся во всех видах речевой деятельности (аудировании, говорении, чтении и письме) и обеспечивают достижение личностных, метапредметных и предметных результатов. Содержание учебника соответствует требованиям Федерального государственного образовательного стандарта основного общего образования. УДК 373.167.1:811.111 ББК 81.2АНГЛ-922 ISBN 978-5-09-031045-1 (1) ISBN 978-5-09-031046-8 (общ.) Издательство «Просвещение», 2012 Художественное оформление. Издательство «Просвещение», 2012 Все права защищены ^ SCHOOL LIFE « THE PLACE WHERE WE LIVE ^ CITY LIFE. LONDON » TRAVELLING AND TRANSPORT • HOBBIES • MY COUNTRY • AMERICA (THE USA) их Personal Identification' • family • name, address, telephone number • character, appearance^ • likes and dislikes • date of birth, place of birth, age • occupation LET US REVIEW 1 You meet a boy near the school. He is a new pupil in your class: a) ask him to answer your questions; b) tell your best friend all you’ve learnt about the new boy. №l ! 1. What’s your name (your surname)? 2. Where are you from? How old are you? 3. Where and when were you born? 4. When is your birthday? 5. What’s your address and telephone number? 6. What are your likes and dislikes? 7. How large is your family? 8. What does your father (mother, etc.^) do? A group of boys and girls is leaving for London. They don’t know each other and have just met. What do you think they are saying to each other? Choose the possible questions/sentences from the list. — Hi! (Hello!) — Do you like the Russian winter? — Nice to meet you. — How old are you? — Is it quiet in the street? — I am fine. ‘ personal identification ['p3:snol aiidentifikeifn] — зд. всё о себе ^ appearance [э'рюгэпз] — внешность ® etc. — et cetera [et'set(9)r3] — лат. и так далее — What’s your address? — How old is your cousin? — Where are you from? — What’s your name? — Where do you live? — Pleased to meet you. — Have you got a brother? — How are you? 3 Here are two forms.^ The first one is Boris’.^ Look at it and say all you can about him. Then talk about yourself. 4 Say what their telephone numbers are. 454-17-36 332-14-02 430-29-50 Nina: Klim: Vova: Larisa: Oksana: Andrei: 953-00-22 955-38-40 275-82-20 Listen to the text 1), and say which is Boris’s (Vera’s, Susan’s, Lisa’s and Paul’s) telephone number. Boris: 112-18-95 or 112-80-95 Vera: 271-19-13 or 271-09-30 Susan: 275-36-18 or 275-26-18 Lisa: 454-28-22 or 444-28-22 Paul: 925-14-14 or 925-44-14 ^ form [fo;m] — зд. анкета ^ Boris’ = Boris’s BRUSH UP YOUR GRAMMAR The Indefinite Tenses to have (have got) + Present I you we you they have = have got he she it has = has got Past I you he she it we you they had Future I we will (shall) have you he she it you they will have I have (or have got) three cousins. My daughter has got (or has) two dogs. The room’s got (or has) two windows. We had many animals on the farm. They will have a car next month. Present I you we you they haven’t = haven’t got = have no — don’t have he she it hasn’t = hasn’t got = has no = doesn’t have Past I you he she it we you they had no didn’t have Future I we won’t (shan’t) have you he she it you they won’t have 5 I haven’t got a flat. I don’t have any brothers. I haven’t any pets. I have no milk in the fridge. He hasn’t got a car. He doesn’t have a car. He has no car. You won’t have much work to do tomorrow. They didn’t have any classes yesterday. They had no children. Present Have I you we you they ...? Have got ...? Do have 9 ■ • • « Has he got ...? Does she it have 9 • • • • Past Future Did I you he she it we you they Will (Shall) have 9 Will I we you he she it you they have 9 have 9 Has Ann got a car? = Does Ann have a car? = Has Ann a car? What have you got in your bag? = What do you have in your bag? = What have you in your bag? How much money did they have? Will you have time to finish it? 6 Say these sentences using the verb have (have got). Try and use as many versions' as possible. Example: There is a wide door in the room. The room has (has got) a wide door. 1. There are many actors in this theatre. 2. There are not any wide streets in this town. 3. Are there any wooden cups in the museum? 4. The woman’s voice is very weak. 5. There is no tower in the old square. 6. There won’t be any new settlements in this place. * version ['v3:Jn] — вариант LET US LEARIU 1) First name, then surname: Tom Brown {never Brown Tom) 2) You can say Mr John Smith or Mr Smith {but never Mr John) 3) Mr^ Mrs Miss Ms + surname Mr Brown Mrs Brown Miss Brown Ms Brown Using the model say who they are. Example: Her name is Angela. Her surname is West. She is not married.^ She is Miss Angela West. 1. His surname is Webster. His name is Adam. He is 20, not married. He is .... 2. The brothers’ surname is Brown. Their names are Tom and Ben. They are forty years old. They are .... 3. Her surname is Poster. Her name is Nell. She is 35, nobody knows if she is married^. She is ... ’ If you don’t know what Mr, Mrs, Miss, and Ms stand for consult your vocabulary. ^ married ['maerid] — замужем, женат ® if she is married — замужем ли она 4. Her name is Betty. Her surname is Williams. She is not married. She is .... 8 Look at the pictures and put Mr, Mrs, Miss, and Ms before the following surnames: 1. ... Brown, age 21, not married. 2. ... White, age 65, married. 3. ... Green, age 17, not married. 4. ... Barlow, age 40 (no information if she is married or not). 5. ... Bentley, age 31, married. Mr Thomas ^rrmn mt§ Ш ^rmn (Road G)-(nfdon т^-емш) First name Surname Address: Flat House № Street Clty/Town Country 9 Look at the letters. Say in English where Peter, Michael, Boris, Nelly and Victor live. Example: Boris lives at number 16 Lesnaya Road, Petrovskoye, Russia. 9- 3. пЛ, S3 ‘ УЗ&тру^ 159007, г. Кммо, ЗЗмУиШ^ fA'-' 34, ftA. 34 Щам^ 1293254, ЛЗоопЛоу Ц€шг1^г<1м>ш1л f. 8, пЛ. 7 КиО&Л'бЗш HcoUUO U 124908 Ю2387, 'V. 51/Щиу. 5/]5орАП''^^8а‘Я' у^ ’ 21, 1^- 3 Sof^M>Sf вш‘:уггшруу 10 Could you say your address in English? Try and do it. Look, **®'^h*"* bewiewbeb What’s your job? (most commonly used}) What do you do? (most commonly Чем вы занимаетесь? = used ) Кто вы по профессии? = What’s your profession?^ Кем вы работаете? = What’s your occupation? Какая у вас работа? What are you? (least commonly used^) 11 Look at the pictures and a) say what their jobs are; b) divide all the jobs into 3 columns: -er, -or, -man. ^ most commonly used — наиболее часто употребляемое ^ profession = occupation = job ^ least commonly used — наименее употребляемое С f I dancer, doctor, policeman, sailor, postman, singer, tailor, milkman, actor, driver, fisherman 12 Read the sentences to guess the meaning of the following jobs. A baker ['beika] is a person who makes bread. A butcher ['butja] is a person who sells meat. A grocer ['grausa] is a person who sells sugar, flour, salt, etc. A greengrocer ['griin'grausa] is a person who sells fresh vegetables and fruit. A nurse [nsrs] is a person who works in hospitals and helps doctors. A salesman [’seilzman] is a person who sells different things. A secretary ['sekratri] is a person who works in the office and helps her boss with letters and other papers. A typist ['taipist] is a person who types^ letters and other papers. 13 Listen to the new words ((©) 2). Read them aloud after the speaker to check their pronunciation. a baker, a butcher, a grocer, a greengrocer, a nurse, a salesman, a secretary, a typist 14 Look at the pictures and say what their jobs are. ' to type [taip] — печатать (как правило, на пишущей машинке или компьютере) 12 LET US LISTEIU, READ AMD LEARM 15 Listen to the song “When I Was a Soldier” {(^3). WHEN I WAS A SOLDIER When I was a soldier, a soldier, a soldier. When I was a soldier. This is how I went. When I was a policeman, a policeman, a policeman. When I was a policeman. This is how I went. When I was a dentist, a dentist, a dentist. When I was a dentist. This is how I went. When I was a doctor, a doctor, a doctor. When I was a doctor. This is how I went. When I was a barber,^ a barber, a barber. When I was a barber. This is how I went. When I was a butcher, a butcher, a butcher. When I was a butcher. This is how I went. When I was a baker, a baker, a baker. When I was a baker. This is how I went. When I was a grocer, a grocer, a grocer. When I was a grocer. This is how I went. [Ml 16 a) Listen to the dialogue between two girls ((^ 4) and choose the right answer to each question. 1. What is Natasha’s address? a) Flat number 3, 9 Apple Street, b) Flat number 3, 19 Apple Street, c) Flat number 3, 17 Main Road. 2. What is Natasha’s telephone number? a) 332-55-48 b) 332-45-48 c) 332-54-48 a barber ['ba:bo] — парикмахер (мужской) b) Read the dialogue and decide which title is the best. • Two Friends • Telephone Talk • Caroline’s Interview — Hello, what’s your name? — Caroline. — Sorry? — It’s Caroline. — Can you spell it, please? — Caroline. What’s your name? — It’s Natasha. That’s N-a-t-a-s-h-a. — Hello, Natasha. Do you live here? — Yes, I do. I live at 9 Apple Street, in Flat 3. What’s your address, Caroline? — I live at 17 Main Road. My flat is 3, too. Are you on the phone, Natasha? — Yes. — What’s your telephone number? — That’s 332-54-48. 17 Act out the dialogue (ex.^ 16). 18 Think of your own dialogue (using ex. 16 as a model), give it a title and then act it out. Don’t forget to change over. LET US READ AIUD TALK 1Ш 19 a) Read the text and fill in the gaps (1—4) with the phrases (A—E). There is one phrase you don’t need to use. b) Draw Caroline’s family tree. A FRIENDLY FAMILY Caroline Porter has a large family. There are nine people in it. The oldest member of her family is her granny. You can hardly believe it but she is about 90. She lives (1)________________. Caroline’s granny is very interested in life. She is fond of gardening and has got a lot of beautiful and unusual flowers in her small tidy^ ■ ex. = exercise ^ tidy ['taidi] — опрятный, аккуратный garden. When Caroline’s granny was young she was a greengrocer and worked in (2)______________________________. 5. Caroline’s mother and father are architects. They are about 50 but look much younger. They are fond of ancient* Russian churches and they often travel to Russia. They visit big cities and small towns. They are real specialists and know a lot. They often tell their family about their journeys. Caroline’s mother is called Debbie. She is a tall woman, slim^ and fair-haired,® very clever and nice. Her husband’s name is Peter. Peter is shorter than his wife. He is thin and dark-haired. He is very brave. They have been married for 25 years and are real friends. (J) Debbie has a brother, Victor, and a sister, Alice, who (3) . Alice is not married and has no children. Victor is a salesman. He is married and has two children — Bob and Polly. They are at primary school. Caroline’s cousins are very bright. They are not short but they are not tall either. They are both seven, fair-haired, pretty and polite. Their parents are proud of them. But sometimes the children are lazy.^ Caroline’s cousins like to play active games. They are never tired and (4) _____________________________. They have got a very rich imagination. They like to read a lot and listen to their granny’s stories. Victor’s wife, Mary, is a typist. She works in a big firm. All the members of the family are very friendly and hospitable. Their friends often come to see them and they all have wonderful parties. A. have got two children B. a small shop in the same street C. is a nurse in a hospital D. are seldom quiet E. a small cottage in the country 1 2 3 4 Extra * ancient ['einjant] — древний ^ slim [slim] — тонкий, стройный ® fair-haired [,Геэ‘Ьеэй] — светловолосый lazy ['leizi] — ленивый // f 20 i 4 21 1 22 23 for test reading. 5), and get ready a) Caroline’s mother; b) Caroline’s father; c) Caroline’s cousins. Describe Caroline’s aunt and uncle. The pictures of ex. 19 and th words below can help you. slim, short, ugly, tall, dark-haired, fair-haired, long hair, lovely, round face, long nose, red lips, long arms, white teeth 24 Choose any famous person you have read about (or about whom you know much) and describe him/her. Ex. 19 and 22 can help you. 25 Describe any family you like very much. (You can use your imagination.) First make a plan of your story. LET US LISTEN AND TALK asfi 26 a) Listen to the text “Tom’s Dream” ((®)6) and choose the right answer to each question. 1. What was Tom’s telephone number? a) 206-44-39 b) 602-44-39 c) 602-43-49 2. What did Tom’s mother do? a) She was a secretary. b) She was a typist. c) She was a secretary and a typist. 3. How old was Tom’s mother? a) 30 b) 32 c) 40 4. Why didn’t Tom tell his mother what he did in the zoo in his dreeun? a) Because he didn’t know what to say. b) Because he thought the answer was clear. c) Because he thought that his mother knew the answer. b) Tell your friends: • how often you see dreams; • what you see in your dreams; • what your most pleasant and most unpleasant dream was like. LET US WRITE 27 Write down the names of all the jobs you can remember. 28 What questions do people usually ask when they want to know about somebody’s: a) name, b) date of birth, c) place of birth, d) age, e) home town, f) occupation, g) family, h) address, i) telephone number? 29 Your friend lives in Manchester^ which is a big city in Great Britain. His house is No.^2 in the High Street. Your friend’s surname is Barlow. His name is Patrick. Write his address in English. 30 Describe your classmate for the other pupils to guess who it is. 31 Do ex. 6, 9, 10 in writing. 32 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. baker, butcher, grocer, greengrocer, nurse, salesman, secretary, typist, occupation, job, married Home Reading Lesson 1, text “A Clever Salesman LESSON 2 Daily Life home (at home) • house, rooms • modern conveniences • furniture at school LET US REVIEW 1 1 Say what people usually do in the kitchen, study, dining room, living room, sitting room, hall, bedroom, bathroom. * Manchester [’maent/ists] ^ No. = number 17 Name: — a piece of furniture to have meals at; — 2 pieces of furniture to lie on; — 4 pieces of furniture to sit on; — a piece of furniture to sit at and work; — things you may put on the walls; — a thing you may put on the floor; — things you may hang on the windows; — a piece of furniture to keep cups and glasses in; — a piece of furniture to keep food in (especially in hot weather); — a piece of furniture to keep books in; — a piece of furniture to cook meals on; — a piece of furniture to wash up in; — a piece of furniture to keep clothes in. Say what you have got and what you haven’t got in your (house) and where this furniture is. The words can help you. flat picture, wardrobe, sink, carpet, table, desk, chair, sofa, bed, cupboard, lamp, mirror, bookcase, curtains, cooker, armchair, blackboard, fireplace, standard lamp BRUSH UP YOUR GRAMMAR The Present Continuous Tense to be^ / is — am + Ving ^are now, at the moment I am reading a book now. Nick is not going downstairs, he is going upstairs. — Are they leaving? — Yes, they are. Where are they playing now? — Who is laughing so loudly? — We are. — Who is working in the study? — I am. The Present Indefinite Tense V/Vs always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never Summer follows spring. That happens every day. My sisters always wear uniform when they go to school. We get on well with Ann. We don’t wake up at 6 in summer. It doesn’t usually happen. She doesn’t usually join us for lunch. 7 Do you hear the sound of the bell? Does the corridor ['korido:] lead to the tower? — No, it doesn’t. Do they always lock this door? — Yes, they do. wh-questions’ When does he leave the house? Where do they usually sing? Why doesn’t she cook here? How often do you work in the garden? What goes^ round the Earth? — The Moon does. Who studies geography^ in your group? — Helen does. Who leaves for London every month? — They do. Who counts well? — We do. 4 What are Peter and his friends doing at the moment and what do they do every day? 1. Peter (read) a magazine now and Ben and Tom (work) in the study. 2. Ann (sing) upstairs. She (sing) very well. 3. Mary and Susan (not count) at the moment. Nick (count) badly. 4. The door (open) easily. Peter (open) the door now. 5. Look! Sam (leave). He always (leave) at 18.10. Bonpo- ^ wh-questions = wh? — специальные вопросы, обычно начинающиеся с сительных слов what, when, where, why, who, which, whose и т. д. ^ В вопросе к подлежащему, который может начинаться с вопросительных слов Who или What, глагол всегда стоит в 3-м лице ед. числа. ® В современном английском языке наблюдается тенденция писать названия учебных предметов со строчной буквы. 19 5 Look at the pictures and say what the children are doing at the moment and what they usually {seldom, always, etc.) do. The words can help you. to sing a song, to spend a holiday, to do lessons, to leave for Moscow, to lock something with the key, to wash the floor 6 Make these questions wh-questions. Follow the model. Example: Is Nelly laughing? (Why) Why is Nelly laughing? 1. Do many people learn foreign languages? (Why) 2. Are they counting? (What) 3. Does the plane leave for London? (When) 4. Do they write letters to their friends? (How often) 5. Does it become dark here late? (When) 6. Is he joining us? (Who) 7. Does it often happen? (What) 1 This is Andrew’s timetable. Talk about yours and say what subjects you have and on what days. ^\DAY time\^^ Monday Tues- day Wednes- day Thurs- day Friday 9.00 English Maths Maths English Maths 10.05 Nature Study Sport Swimming Maths Geography 11.10 Music Art English English English 13.00 Lunch 13.30 History Eng- lish Maths Maths Computer 14.55 Geogra- phy Nature Study Computer History Art 21 LET US LEARM tOOK.BEAOft"® BEBBEWeeB The verbs that are not usually used in the present continuous tense: like, love, want, understand, hear, see, notice, feel, remember, recognize,^ wish,^ know, forget, seem,® believe, hate.^ I hear someone calling me. Do you understand me now? Are you sure he knows where to go? What do you feel? I don’t want any porridge at the moment. 8 Make the right choice: present indefinite or present continuous. 1. How you (feel)"! 2. You (know) what he (read)"! 3. I (not understand) what she (say). 4. He (not see) what the problem (be). 5. He (sleep) now. He (like) to sleep after dinner. 6. She (say) she (hear) nothing. 7. You (see) the man who (stand) near the window? He (want) to speak to you. 9 These are the new words for you to learn, a) Guess what these words mean: electricity [i,lck'trisiti] gas [gaes] cold and hot running water a washing machine ['wpfig mojiin] — a machine for washing clothes and other things ^ to recognize [’rekagnaiz] ^ to wish [wifj — желать ® to seem [si:m] — казаться to hate [heit] — ненавидеть узнавать а vacuum cleaner [Vaekjuam .kliing] — a machine we use to clean carpets, furniture and floors b) Look up the following words in your vocabulary: modern conveniences central heating to turn on (off) to be on (off) c) Read the word combinations and sentences to know how to use these words. It is important to have all modern conveniences in your flat. There were no modern conveniences in the house where I lived last summer. Does your granny have any modern conveniences in her house in the country? The usual modern conveniences are: central heating, electricity, gas, hot and cold running water. My younger sister likes to turn the light on and off. His elder brother always cleans carpets with the vacuum cleaner. Is your washing machine on? Central heating is usually off in summer. The vacuum cleaner I wanted to buy was very expensive. Electricity lights our houses. The water is running. Turn it off! Turn on the vacuum cleaner, please. I’d like to clean the furniture. Is the fridge on? If not, turn it on, please! 10 Listen to the new words (W 7). Read them aloud after the speaker to check their pronunciation. electricity, gas, cold and hot running water, a washing machine, a vacuum cleaner, modern conveniences, central heating, to turn on, to turn off, to be on, to be off 11 Make the sentences complete using on or off. 1. It is dark in the room. Turn the light____ 2. It is cold in the room. The central heating is not .... 3. It is very hot here, turn the electric fire__ 4. In summer the central heating is usually ... in our houses. 5. My little brother can’t turn ... the light. He is very small. 6. Early in the morning, when it is not dark outside we turn the light___ 7. Mike is doing his lessons. Turn the television ..., please. 23 12 Look at the pictures and say where there are modern conveniences and where there are not. \ \ ф/ »,r. • V ^_____________________ MOTUL 1Ш 13 a) Listen to the dialogue (@8). Read it and decide which title is the best. • Pete’s New Flat. • Constance’s New Flat • Constance is Ringing Pete up Pete: Hi, Constance! Glad to meet you! How are you? Constance: Fine, thanks. And you? Pete: OK. You know, Constance, we have recently^ moved into a new flat. Constance: Have you? What’s your address now? Pete: It’s Flat number 7, 33 Kings Road. Our flat is large and comfortable, with all modern conveniences: gas, electricity, hot and cold running water. We’ve got central heating too. Constance: I’m glad to hear that. b) Act the dialogue out. 14 Think of your own dialogue according to the model of ex. 13. Choose a partner and act it out. 15 Listen to the song “Old Horace” ['hnros] ((^9). OLD HORACE Old Horace lives with me. When he comes home at three. He knocks at the door. He rolls^ on the floor And comes to sit with me. He watches my TV, He sits right on my knee,® He takes a nap^ Upon my lap.® That’s where he likes to be. Chorus: Ba, ba, ba, ba, ba, ba. Old Horace drinks a lot; He drinks right from the pot;® His favourite drink Is milk, I think; He likes it when it’s hot. He eats food from a can,'^ He likes it just one way; recently ['ri:sntli] — недавно roll [гэи1] — кататься knee [ni:] — колено take a nap [nasp] — вздремнуть lap [laep] — колено pot [pnl] — горшок, котелок can [kaen] — консервная банка It doesn’t last;^ He finishes fast. He eats it every day. Chorus. He always catches birds. He doesn’t say a word. He looks at one And starts to run. He catches it for fun. Old Horace isn’t short. Old Horace isn’t fat.^ He’s very sweet. He has four feet. Old Horace is my cat! Chorus. LET US READ AMD TALK 16 a) Read the story and say why Peter was sure he was going to have a nice holiday. b) Read out what modern conveniences they had in their summer cottage. PETER’S HOLIDAY Mr and Mrs Gray lived in a big city. Mr Gray worked in a bank and spent a lot of time at work. Mrs Gray was fond of music and art. The Grays had a son whose name was Peter. Peter was good at all the subjects at school but didn’t like to wash. He hated water. Mr and Mrs Gray wanted to spend the summer in the country. They found a nice small house not very far from Mr Gray’s office. ^ to last [la:st] — длиться ^ fat [faet] — толстый, жирный Mrs Gray and Peter went there one weekend at the beginning of June. Later Mr Gray wanted to join them. Peter and his mother went there for two weeks. It was late in the evening when they arrived at the house. Mrs Gray said to Peter, “We’re going to stay here for fourteen days.” The boy ran into the house, turned on the light and looked into all the rooms. He saw a nice kitchen with a white fridge, two cupboards, a cooker and a sink. There was gas and electricity in the house. Peter also saw a vacuum cleaner in the corner. The sitting room with a tall mirror and a wonderful fireplace was fantastic. You could play football there. Peter ran back to his mother and shouted: “Mummy! It’s great! But I haven’t found a bathroom. Where is it?” “It’s very difficult to get water here,” his mother answered, “and there is no hot and cold running water here.” “That’s very good. Mum,” Peter said. “That is going to be a very nice holiday indeed!” 1Ш 17 Read the text again and say if the following statements are “True”, “False” or “Not Stated”. 1. The Grays lived in a small town. 2. Mrs Gray could play the piano very well. 3. The Grays decided to spend two weeks in the country. 4. Mrs Gray and her son arrived at the country house at ten o’clock in the evening. 5. Peter liked the fireplace in the new house most of all. 6. Peter was happy that there was no bathroom in the country house. 18 Look through the story (ex. 16) and say what you think of Peter. 19 Give a short summary of the text (ex. 16). 20 Say what modern conveniences you have got in your flat (house). 21 You are sure to have a relative or a friend who lives in the country. Describe the place he lives in (room, furniture, modern conveniences). 22 Say a few words about: a) your mother’s usual working day; b) your school day. First make a plan of your story. L LET US LISTEN AND TALK 23 a) Listen to the text “It Is Important to Know a Foreign Language” (@ 10) and choose the right statement. 1. Every morning the two kittens have porridge for breakfast. 2. The two kittens don’t like doing foreign languages at school. 3. The mother-cat is afraid of big dogs. 4. The two kittens are afraid of big dogs. b) How can you answer the question “Is it important to know a foreign language?” Give some good reasons. LET US WRITE 24 Do ex. 6 and 8 in writing. 25 Make the sentences complete. 1. I fly (usually) to London. 2. She turns on central heating in summer (never). 3. We are late (often). 4. Mr Mole reads his newspaper (every morning). 5. She is angry (seldom). 6. My brother helps his mother clean the carpet with the vacuum cleaner (always). 26 What is your choice to express the same ideas in English. 1) Она работает в больнице. 2) Твой брат сейчас работает в саду? — Да. 3) Секретарь посылает письма в Лондон каждую неделю. 4) Они не часто смотрят телевизор. 5) Мэри чистит ковёр пылесосом. Она всегда это делает по понедельникам. 27 Do ex. 11 in writing. 28 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. electricity, qas, cold cmd hot running water, washing machine, vacuum cleaner, cer\tra\ heating, modern conveniences, to turn on (off), to be on (off) Home Reading Lesson 2, text “Whose Favourite Rooms Are They? L Free Time hobbies and interests • radio and TV • museums, exhibitions • sports cinema, theatre, concerts LET US REVIEW Play a memory game. Look at the list of hobbies for a moment, then close the book and name all you can remember. sports fishing listening to music singing gardening reading fiction dancing writing novels going to the theatre cooking taking pictures collecting stamps travelling watching TV Read the names of the hobbies. Use your imagination and say whose hobbies they can be. Example: Mr Porter’s hobby is performing on the stage. watching listening to cartoons feature films documentaries soap operas television plays the news music operas modern music songs collecting stamps coins badges books pictures 29 reading writing going taking pictures performing on the stage fiction novels magazines newspapers stories detective stories novels spy stories fiction poems to the theatre to the cinema to the museum to the swimming pool Say what your friends’ or relatives’ hobbies are. Example: My elder brother’s hobby is taking photos. Say what your favourite hobby is. What were your hobbies when you were a small boy/girl? The Past Indefinite Tense yesterday, last year, last ago, a month ago, a year day,^ in 1990 Ved/Va week, las ago, the d t Monday, last night, a week ay before yesterday, the other + He explained it to me last week. We collected a lot of stamps last year. They went to the theatre the other day. You wrote a long poem yesterday. ^ the other day — на днях I didn’t watch TV the day before yesterday. She didn’t go to the library three days ago. You didn’t buy any tickets last night. We didn’t visit France in 1993. Did you read your favourite book yesterday? — Yes, I did. Did he perform on the stage last night? — No, he didn’t. Did they go to the museum last Thursday? — Yes, they did. Did she understand the play? — No, she didn’t. wh? When did you go to the theatre last? — I went there five days ago. Where did you meet this famous writer? — We met him in the library. Why did he watch the film? — Because he liked it. How many times did she visit the art gallery last month? — She did it twice. Who played Hamlet in the famous Russian film? — Smoktunovsky did. Who read the newspaper a minute ago? — I did. Who could answer the question? — Nobody could. Imagine that ail those actions happened in the past and tell your friends about them. Make all the necessary changes. Example: Nick is looking through the magazine now. Nick looked through the magazine the other day. 1. The Russian Army is winning the battle. 2. They sell newspapers only in the street. 3. The boy will appear very soon. 4. He always tells the truth. 5. The sun is rising and everything is getting so bright. 6. He gets up at five and catches the 6.30 bus. 6 Look at the portraits ['poitrits] of the famous English and American writers and say what you can about them. Mark Twain ['ma:k 'twein] (1835—1910) • lived in the state of Missouri [mi'zuori] on the banks of the Mississippi [.misi'sipi] • wrote about Tom Sawyer ['soijo] • began to work at the age of 12 • was a sailor • became famous in 1865 • was a short story writer and the greatest American humorist ['hjuimorist] • was fond of collecting things which nobody had James Hadly Chase ['(^eimz 'hsedli 'tfeiz] (1906—1985) • was born in London • began to write in 1939 • became famous in 1939 • worked as a bookseller • wrote 78 books Agatha Christie ['аедэОэ 'kristi] (1890—1976) • didn’t go to school • got her education [,edju'keijn] at home • took part in the war of 1914 • got married in 1914 • began to write detective stories in 1920 w became famous in 1926 • wrote 68 novels, 17 plays, more than a hundred stories 1 William Shakespeare ['wiljgm 'Jeikspia] (1564—1616) • lived in Stratford-on-Avon • went to a grammar school • worked as an actor • acted at the London theatre called “The Globe” [gbub] • wrote about 37 plays and many poems • wrote in the golden age of English literature ['litrotfa] Jack London ['cfesek 'Lvndon] (1876—1916) • was a son of a farmer • had a lot of jobs • worked as a newspaper seller, a sailor, factory^ worker • dreamed of becoming a pirate ['paint] • wrote his first book in 1898 • wrote novels and stories about animals • lived in Alaska for some years • wrote 152 stories about the North a 7 Answer the questions (see ex. 6). 1. When was William Shakespeare born? 2. What was James Chase’s native city? 3. Where was Mark Twain from? 4. When did Agatha Christie become famous? What about James Chase and Mark Twain? 5. Which of them was an actor? a sailor? a seller? 6. How many novels did Agatha Christie write? 7. Which of them dreamed of becoming a pirate? 8. Which of them was the greatest American humorist? the greatest English writer? 9. Which of them wrote in the golden age of English literature? 10. Which of them took part in the war of 1914? 11. How did Agatha Christie get her education? ^ factory [Tsektari] — фабрика, завод 33 л 34 8 Неге are the answers. Ask questions about the famous writers (see ex. 6, 7). William Shakespeare 1) He lived in Stratford-on-Avon. 2) He acted in “The Globe”. 3) He wrote in the golden age of English literature. Agatha Christie 1) In 1890. 2) She got married in 1914. 3) She wrote more than a hundred stories. Jack London 1) His father was a farmer. 2) He had a lot of jobs. 3) He wrote stories about animals. 9 Do you know any books by these writers? Name them. If you can’t, go to the library or look through your home collection of books and be ready to give the titles ['taitlz]. If you can, say a few words about any of these books. 10 These are the new words for you to learn. a) Guess what these words mean: piano ['pjaenou] radio [’reidisu] gallery ['gaebri] classical ['klaesikl] sculpture ['skAlptjb] revue [n'vju:] biography [baibgrafi] video [Vidiou] show и'эи] drama ['drama] guitar [gi'ta:] politics ['politiks] b) Look up the following words in your vocabulary: flute, violin, paint, painting, exhibition, to go in for (sports), folk. c) Read the sentences to know how to use the words. His nephew is fond of playing the guitar and the piano but he dislikes playing the violin and the flute. By the way, he likes to paint very much. My elder brother is a theatre-goer. He is fond of watching comedies, ballet and drama performances and video films. Would you like to go to a pop music concert or to a concert of classical music? How often do you visit exhibitions, picture galleries and art mu- ;'.r y'/ seums? When does the Tretyakov Gallery open? Do you know when it closes? It opens at 10 and closes at 7. Where could I find Agatha Christie’s biography? Who has written the biography of this famous writer? We could see beautiful sculptures and wonderful paintings in the Museum of Fine Arts. — Can we find any portrait paintings in the National Gallery in London? — Certainly you can. My grandfather’s hobbies are politics, listening to the radio and watching ice revues. My uncle always discusses politics and watches different TV programmes. What are they showing on TV tonight? Oh, there are a lot of interesting programmes: folk and classical music, an ice revue and the quiz of the day. What sports do your friends go in for? Richard goes in for swimming and running and Michael goes in for skiing and skating. 11 Listen to the new words (W 11). Read them aloud after the speaker to check their pronunciation. a piano, a guitar, a gallery, a sculpture, a biography, a show, politics, radio, classical, revue, video, a flute, a violin, to paint, a painting, an exhibition, to go in for sports, folk ^ read and i,OOK» BEWIEWIBEB to play the piano to play the guitar to play the violin to play the flute but: to play football to play tennis to play hockey to play chess to go in for sports to go in for running to go in for skiing to go in for skating to go in for swimming 35 12 Say what games the children played at the sports ground three days ago and what musical instruments some of them played after classes. Example: Mary and Pete (basketball). Mary and Pete played basketball at the sports ground three days ago. 1. The children (volleyball). 2. Mary (piano). 3. Nelly and Victor (badminton). 4. My elder sister (guitar). 5. Caroline (violin). 6. The boys (hockey). 13 Say what kinds of sports your friends or your relatives go in for. Example: My younger brother goes in for jumping. LET US LISTEM, READ AMD LEARM tEBl 14 Listen to the dialogue ((^ 12). Read it and decide which title is the best. Then act it out • Plans for the Evening • Going to the Cinema • A Visit to the National Gallery Tom: Where shall we go tonight? Kate: As you know, Tom, I’m a cinemagoer. I would like to go to the cinema. What’s on at the “Odeon” ['oodjan]? Tom: “Hamlet” is on. Kate: Who is playing Hamlet? Tom: I don’t know. It’s an old film. I think it’s black-and-white. Kate: Oh, no. Let’s go to some exhibition instead. I know they are showing an interesting collection of sculptures in the National Gallery. Tom: Isn’t it too late? When does it close? Kate: It closes at 5. We’ll be there just in time. Hurry up! 15 Think of your own dialogue (use ex. 14 as a model) and give it a title. Choose a partner and act it out. Don’t forget to change over. 16 Listen to the song “The Circus' Clown” ((^13). THE CIRCUS CLOWN He arrived in the spring; He smiled at everyone; He played with all the children; They danced in the sun. He whispered^ in their ears; They laughed at his games; They loved to hear his stories; He learned all their names. Chorus: They cried yesterday; He travelled to another town; They called him, but he walked away... He was the circus clown. He dressed in funny clothes; His favourite shirt was red; He did his hair and put his hat On top of his round head. The children liked his shoes; They touched his giant ['cfeaiant] feet; They followed him, applauded [9'pb:did] him. And marched in the street. Chorus. They visited his tent; They waited every day; They repeated everything he did; They wanted him to play. ’ circus ['s3:kas] — цирк; цирковой ^ whisper ['wrspa] — шептать 37 LET US READ AMD TALK IPM1 17 a) Read the text and say if Uncle Oscar ['nsks] was happy^ in his family. b) Choose the best variant and complete the sentences after the text. WHATEVER HAPPENED TO UNCLE OSCAR? (after George P. Me Callum) Part I I would like to tell you what happened to my Uncle Oscar, or I would rather try to understand it and explain it to you. My Uncle Oscar was a very nice man. Every morning on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday he usually took the seven forty-five (7.45) bus and started for work. He went to the bank early in the morning as he was an accountant^ (and by the way, a very good one). He worked hard all day long and returned home rather late. My uncle was forty-seven years old, married and had two children. 14. His wife’s name was Agatha ['аедэбэ]. Aunt Agatha was fond of talking and always talked too much and in a very loud voice. That’s why I think Uncle Oscar seldom had much to say. Their two children, Elizabeth and Julian, were not very pleasant. Both of them were large and loud like their mother. And they were selfish^ and greedy'^ too. They didn’t think about their father much. He was a little quiet man, who spoke little and went about unnoticed.® He liked music but didn’t play the piano, the violin, the flute or any other musical instrument. He practically never went to the theatre or to the cinema and he didn’t visit exhibitions or museums either. Uncle Oscar didn’t go in for sports. He was not fond of swimming, skiing or playing golf. You could never see him in the sitting room in front of the television watching sports programmes. Uncle ^ if Uncle Oskar was happy — был ли дядя Оскар счастлив ^ accountant [a'kauntant] — бухгалтер ® selfish ['selfij] — эгоистичный '* greedy ['gri:di] — жадный ® unnoticed [An'nautist] — незаметный 38 Oscar never complained^ about his boring life. I knew he had a hobby. He had a very good collection of stamps and was happy only when he worked on his stamp collection. He was a real collector. His children took no interest in their father’s hobby. But I, his nephew, did. Uncle Oscar showed me some stamps and explained that they were really very expensive. Then on the 14th of October 1951 Uncle Oscar got up as usual at 6.45 (six forty-five), made his own breakfast (Aunt Agatha, Elizabeth and Julian were still in bed; they never got up before 8), left the house and went to the bus stop. Some people who were at the bus stop that day didn’t see him at all. The others were not so sure. They couldn’t say anything definite. But that was the kind of person Uncle Oscar was. Other people seldom noticed him. One thing was certain: he never got to the bank that morning. 1. Uncle Oscar’s life .... a) was not very interesting b) was exciting c) was very pleasant 2. On the 14th of October 1951 ____ a) Uncle Oscar came to the bank later than usual b) the bank clerks didn’t see Uncle Oscar c) Uncle Oscar never got up in the morning ’ complained [kam'pleind] — жаловался 39 18 Answer the following questions. 1. Who is the narrator’ of the story? 2. How many members were there in Uncle Oscar’s family? 3. How old was Uncle Oscar? 4. What was his job? 5. Who talked a lot in his family? Who was always quiet? 6. Do you think Uncle Oscar’s children loved their father? Why? 7. What was Uncle Oscar’s hobby? 8. Why was Uncle Oscar’s life boring? 9. Uncle Oscar didn’t go in for sports, did he? 10. Where did Uncle Oscar go on the 14th of October? Did he get there? 19 Say what you think of: a) Uncle Oscar; b) his wife; c) his children; d) the kind of life Uncle Oscar led. 20 Tell your classmates what happened to Uncle Oscar on the 14th of October. 21 What do you think the end of the story is? Tell it to your classmates. 22 Do you want to know what the real end of the story by George P. Me Callum is? Then read Lesson 3 in your “English Reader V”. 23 Uncle Oscar’s hobby was collecting stamps. What about other people’s hobbies? Say whose hobbies they are and describe them in the most detailed way. a) visiting museums, exhibitions, galleries; b) playing the piano (the violin, the guitar); c) going in for sports; d) painting; e) listening to the radio, watching TV; f) watching video films; g) visiting jazz concerts. 24 Choose a partner and ask him questions about any famous person you like. ' narrator [na'reita] — рассказчик 40 25 Speak about your last visit to a museum (picture gallery, exhibition, etc.). The following plan can help you. 1) where you went; 2) when it was; 3) why you chose it; 4) who you went there with; 5) what you saw there; 6) when you arrived there; 7) how you arrived there; 8) what were the opening hours; 9) how interesting it was; 10) when you returned home; 11) when you are going there again. 26 Ask your friend about his/her last visit to the cinema (concert, theatre, circus, etc.). 27 Answer the following questions and get ready to speak about sports in your life. 1. Do you like sports? 2. What are your favourite sports and games? 3. When did you begin going in for sports? 4. What sport was it? 5. Do you like to play games in the ground or do you just like sports programmes on television? 6. How good are you at sports? LET US LISTEN AND TALK 28 a) Listen to the text “The British Museum” choose the right statement. ®)15) and 1. The British Museum is the biggest in the world. 2. You can’t see any pictures in the British Museum. 3. The Library of the British Museum has only old books. 4. There are millions of books in the British Museum Library. b) What is the best museum you’ve ever visited? What made you like it? L 41 LET US WRITE 29 Think what answer you can give to the following questions. Example: 1. Who often goes to the museum? — My little cousins do. 2. Who went to the ballet the other day? — Our family did. 1. Who goes in for sports in your group? 2. Who likes to go to different exhibitions? 3. Who is listening to the opera now? 4. Who is interested in politics? 5. Who will go to the concert next week? 6. Who can play the guitar? 7. Who must learn this poem by heart? 8. What museum has got a good collection of sculptures? 30 Do ex. 25 in writing. 31 Complete the text with the items that fit in best.^ It was 7 o’clock in the morning. Ellie was in her (1)______. It was time to (2)________. She jumped out of bed and (3)________the window. The sun (4) _________ brightly in the blue sky. The weather was wonderful. Ellie dressed (5) ________. In two minutes she was ready. Then she ran to the kitchen. Her mother was there. She (6)________breakfast. 1. a) bathroom, b) bedroom. c) kitchen. d) dining-room 2. a) get up. b) got up. c) stand up, d) stood up 3. a) came. b) went up. c) walked to. d) came up 4. a) shone. b) was shining. c) is shining. d) shines 5. a) quick. b) quickly. c) slow. d) slowly 6. a) was making. b) is making. c) has made. d) made 32 Write questions for more information. He visited it. fit in best — подходит лучше всего ^^1 33 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. flute, violin, piano, guitur, exhibition, puint, painting, folk, circus, sculpture, to go in for sports Home Reading Lesson 3, text “Whatever Happened to Uncle Oscar?”, part II Travelling weather, seasons, nature • arrival,^ departure,^ luggage moving about the city • hotels transport LET US REVIEW Look at the picture, say how people can travel and answer the following questions. 1. Which is the quickest way of travelling? 2. Which is the most comfortable? 3. Which is the cheapest and which is the most expensive? 4. Which way of travelling is the most convenient? 5. Which one is the most interesting? ^ arrival [a'raivl] — приезд, прибытие ^ departure [di'patja] — отъезд, отправление 43 2 Imagine that you are talking to Mr Smith who travelled to India by plane last year. Ask him questions about his journey. The words can help you. a business trip, a tourist trip, to arrive at the airport, much/ little luggage, to buy a single (return) ticket, business/tourist class, cheap, expensive, to catch a flight, on the plane. How much time did it take you to ...? 3 Here are Alice’s answers. Pretend you are John, think of his questions to her and write them down. John: .... Alice: It was fantastic! John: .... Alice: Yes, we did. We spent some days at the seaside and then we went to the mountains. John: .... Alice: By train. It was a through train, so we didn’t change. John: .... Alice: Yes, it was a fast train. We got to our hotel very quickly. John: .... Alice: We stayed there for 4 days. John: .... Alice: No, it was a single. John: .... Alice: It was wonderful, sometimes a bit windy and cold, but usually very pleasant and sunny. 4 Act out the dialogue of ex. 3. Don’t forget to change over. 5 Complete the text filling in the words and word combinations. a single, by sea, weather, ticket, on board the ship, wind, tourist class, by plane, expensive, trip, voyage Last summer Mike’s elder brother had a very interesting _______ He went to New York______He travelled____The ... was fantastic. The sky was blue. There was no____All the passengers enjoyed the voyage. My ... was not very ... as it was .... I had ... as I wanted to get back to London_____ 6 Use the text of ex. 5 as a model and tell the class a few words about somebody’s journey. BRUSH UP YOUR GRAMIVIAR M The Present Perfect Tense have/has + Ved/Va already, just, yet, never, ever, lately,^ recently, this morning, this evening, this week, this month, this year, today, since, for I have bought a return ticket for Paris. She has just flown to New York. They have missed their flight this morning. I have known Mrs Ford since 1994. He has already been to London for three days. I haven’t got my luggage yet. We haven’t arrived at the railway station. He has never been to America. I haven’t heard from him for a long time. We haven’t seen her for ages. Have you ever stayed at the hotel? Has he found his luggage yet? Have they explained everything to you yet? How long have you been here? What cities have you visited yet? Who has been to Moscow recently? — I have. Fill in the missing forms of the verbs. think sit have say tell come wear drank heard slept read gave understood got lost found flown ;aken forgotten 8 Make the sentences complete filling in: just, yet, already, never, ever, recently, lately. 1. He has ... been to Canada. 2. Have you had a holiday ...? 3. Have they ... eaten at the new cafe? 4. I haven’t heard from my cousin ... . 5. Have you seen any good performances ...? 6. Have they called you ...? No, they haven’t called me ... . 7. He has ... been to the Tretyakov Gallery. 9 Ask questions using: to play tennis recently; to get an excellent mark lately; to buy a new textbook lately; to hear from the grandparents recently; to travel recently; to work hard lately. 10 Look at the list of things to do and say what Susan has already done and what she hasn’t done yet. rO VO! /. f/ie ttc/cet 2. O/a/ce /мю/сл la l/ts 3. Cyfla/ce /и/ftcA. 5. ^/ше a calllc- ff. кава?ом(8 теокэ? <; > екшек ° оса < — ^ read AW® LOOK, behiembeb sun — sunny rain — rainy wind — windy snow — snowy cloud — cloudy fog — foggy У 17 Listen to the dialogue ((^17) and say for how long Mrs Brown is going to stay, what kind of room she wants and why she is interested in the car park. 1^3^] 18 Listen to the dialogue ((®)l7) and read it aloud after the speaker. ^ _ ___ ■Л /Г rt -n 1J.1 UWilF(S)ii^iQSSIQ(SX13 Mrs Brown: Excuse me, I m looking for a hotel to stay at.^ What would you recommend? Information Clerk: How long are you going to stay? Mrs Brown: Two or three nights, I think. Could you, please, look for some hotel near the centre? Information Clerk: Yes, Madam, naturally. Is it a single room you want? Mrs Brown: No, a double room, please. My husband is joining me. Information Clerk: Would you like to have your own bathroom? Mrs Brown: Yes, of course. Information Clerk: Right. Now can I offer you New Barbican, Madam? It is a modern hotel, comfortably furnished.^ All rooms have radio, telephone and a colour TV set. Mrs Brown: Thank you, but I’m touring^ here. Is the hotel far from the main sights'* of the city? Where exactly® is it? Information Clerk: In Central Street, Madam. It is not far from * to stay at (in) a hotel — остановиться в гостинице ^ comfortably furnished ['faniijt] — уютно обставленный ® to tour [tus] — совершать путешествие, поездку, турне the sights [sails] — достопримечательности ^ exactly [ig'zaektli] — точно 51 the Tower of London and Tower Bridge. You can easily walk to St. Paul’s from it. It will take you 20 minutes to get to the heart of the City of London. Mrs Brown: How much does it cost? Information Clerk: It is 40 pounds per person per night.^ Mrs Brown: Fine, fine, that will do... Oh, yes, one more thing. Is there a car park? My husband is bringing his car. Information Clerk: Yes, the hotel has its own car park. b) Decide which title is the best for the dialogue. • Mrs Brown Speaking • At the Information Desk • At the Hotel 19 Listen to the song “Rules and Regulations”^ ((^ 18). RULES AND REGULATIONS Don’t move, don’t talk. Never run, always walk. Give way, wait a minute. Going to be trouble,® you’re in it. No waiting, no parking. Don’t smile, stop laughing. Turn it on, turn it off. Open your mouth, try to cough. Klo sHiokin^ ^ 40 pounds per person per night — 40 фунтов c человека за ночь ^ regulations [.regjo'leij'nz] — инструкции ® trouble ['1глЫ] — беспокойство * cough [kof] — кашлять ilV-9 'J Chorus: Rules and regulations... Laws^ and obligations^... You must do this, you can’t do that. Rules and regulations. Parking meters, railway stations. Seaports, airports. You mustn’t steal — don’t get caught. Laws and obligations. No smoking,^ no drinking. No running, stop thinking. Work all day, play all night. Do what I say — that’s right. Turn left, turn right. Always love, never fight. Come early, don’t be late. Try to be good, don’t hate. Chorus. I.ET US READ AMD TALK 20 a) Read the text and fill in the gaps (1—4) with the phrases (A—E). There is one phrase you don’t need to use. b) Read the story and say why Mr Kirk has bought his new friend a hat. MY FRIEND IS AN ALIEN^ (after Peter and Karen Viney) Mr Kirk was in the park with his dog one Sunday night. Suddenly he heard a noise and saw a strange person in front of him. It was Zardak, from the planet Vecon [Viikan]. Zardak came to London by air. But he didn’t arrive at the airport, he didn’t check in, he didn’t pass the passport control or the customs. ‘ law [lo:] — закон ^ obligation [.obligeijn] — обязательство ® smoke [smouk] — курить alien ['eilian] — чужестранец, иностранец, инопланетянин 53 Е СО^ ’ Mr Kirk took him home, but he didn’t tell anybody (1) _____________________. Zardak liked Mr Kirk, and they became friends. But Zardak was tired of Mr Kirk’s flat. He wanted to travel about Mr Kirk’s country or at least he wanted to make a tour of the city. 19. Zardak: Well, my good friend. When can we go out and see your city? Mr Kirk: Er... that’s difficult, Zardak. It isn’t a very good idea. Zardak: But I’ve been here for two days and I haven’t seen anything yet. Mr Kirk: You’ve watched television. Zardak: I can watch television from my star-ship or when I am at home (2)______________________. Please, my friend. Mr Kirk: I’ve already told you. It isn’t a good idea. (®) But Zardak wants to go on a tour of London. He is fond of travelling. He has travelled a lot. Travelling is his hobby. Just because of his hobby he has come to the planet Earth. Zardak has got little silver horns^ on his head. With the help of these horns he can make people do^ what he likes. His horns become bright green and the light coming from them makes everybody say and do what Zardak wants. So Zardak just looks at Mr Kirk. Mr Kirk sees the green light and says: Mr Kirk: Oh, I agree. Let’s go to the city centre. Really why don’t we go out? I have bought you a coat and a hat. Please put them on. Zardak: But why a hat? You never wear a hat. Mr Kirk: All right. I’ll wear one too. Mr Kirk and Zardak go along the street to the bus stop. They meet Mrs Evans, an old neighbour of Mr Kirk (3)______________________ Mrs Evans: Hello, Mr Kirk. I’m so glad to meet you. Who is this young man? Mr Kirk: He’s my cousin from California [,k£eli'fo:ni9]. His name is Zardak. Mrs Evans: Oh! How do you do? How long have you been here? Mr Kirk: He has been here since Thursday. He has been here for two days. * horn [ho:n] — рог ^ he can make people do — он может заставить людей делать 54 , Zardak? Is it your Mrs Evans: What do (4) ___________________ first visit to the country? Zardak: Yes, it is. I have never been here before. It’s very nice. Mrs Evans: And I like your country very much. I’ve been there three times, you know. My sister lives in Los Angeles [Ids 'asn^oliiz] in California. She has always wanted to live there. And where exactly do you live? Zardak: Vecon. Mrs Evans: I’ve never heard of that. Where... Mr Kirk: It’s a very small town. Very small. Mrs Evans: Funny, you haven’t got an American accent [’seksont]. Mr Kirk (looking at his watch^): Oh, dear! Is that the time? Well, goodbye, Mrs Evans. We are really in a hurry. Mrs Evans: Goodbye. Nice to meet you. A. you think of England B. about Zardak’s arrival C. at the traffic lights D. on planet Vecon E. lives in a small cottage 1 2 3 4 Extra 21 Read the text again and say if the following statements are “True”, “False” or “Not stated”. 1. Zardak arrived in London on Thursday. 2. Zardak lives in California. 3. Zardak has never been to the Earth. It is his first visit. 4. Mrs Evans has never heard of Vecon. 5. Zardak has a big cottage on Vecon. 6. Zardak hasn’t got an American accent. 7. Mr Kirk and Zardak are really in a hurry. 8. Mrs Evans’ sister has three children. watch [wDlf] — часы 55 г 22 Let’s discuss the text. Think and answer the questions. Use as many sentences as you can. 1. Where did Mr Kirk meet Zardak? 2. What have you learnt about Zardak from the text? 3. Has Zardak seen anything of London yet? Why? 4. Why do you think Mr Kirk bought Zardak a hat? 5. How could Zardak make Mr Kirk agree to walk to the city centre? 6. Who has explained to Mrs Evans what Vecon is? Why? 7. Did Mr Kirk tell Mrs Evans the truth? Why? 8. What do you think Mrs Evans wanted to ask Zardak when she said: “I have never heard of that. Where...”? 9. Why did Mr Kirk want to finish their talk? How did he do it? 23 Imagine that you are Mr Kirk. You want to show Zardak London. Where will you take him? What are you going to tell him about these places? 24 Do you like travelling? Why? Let’s talk about it. 1. Do you often travel? When did you travel last? 2. Where did you go? 3. How did you go there? Was it by car, by bus, by train or by plane? 4. Which is the quickest means^ of travelling? Which is the most comfortable? 5. How do people usually travel if they want to get to the farthest places on the earth? 6. Do you think it is interesting to travel by sea? Have you ever done it? What was the weather like then? 7. How often do your parents or relatives travel by air? Where do they usually buy tickets for the flight? Is it expensive to travel by plane? Why do many people prefer this way of travelling? 8. What do people usually do when they are on the plane? on the train? on the bus? 9. Have you ever travelled by car? Is it comfortable? Is it convenient? Why do many people like travelling by car? 10. Where do people stay as they travel to faraway places? Have you ever stayed at a hotel? What was it like? What were the rooms like? What was the food like? ^ means [mi:nz] — способ 56 25 Look at the pictures and say what the weather is (was, has been) like in these cities. Moscow. Now 1' .V Г' г New York. Since Monday 1 LET US LISTEIU AMD TALK 26 a) Listen to the text “Denis Cook Is Travelling” choose the right answer to each question. 1. Why does Denis travel? a) He has business to do. b) He loves travelling. c) He likes to fly. 20) and 57 2. Where is Denis’s passport? a) It’s in the kitchen. b) It’s in the living room. c) It’s in the bedroom. 3. Where does Denis sit on the plane? a) Near the aisle. b) Near the window. c) In the smoking area. 4. How soon is Denis’s plane taking off? a) In 4 minutes b) In 14 minutes c) In 40 minutes b) Listen to the dialogue from the text “Denis Cook is Travelling” again. Write it down and act it out. c) Do you like travelling? Give your reasons. 27 Write the answers. (See ex. 20.) 1. Who was in the park one night? 2. Who came from the planet Vecon? 3. Who took Zardak home? 4. Who hasn’t seen anything of the Earth yet? 5. Who can watch television from his starship? 6. Who wants to make a tour about London? 7. Who lives in Los Angeles? 8. Who has lived there for 20 years? 9. Who is in a hurry? 28 You know the words a star and a ship. Do you remember them? What does the word starship mean? What does city centre mean? Follow the models and form the words. Check up the spelling in the vocabulary. В bed man railway lights fire port traffic train sea place through ticket milk board return station black room single 58 29 Make sentences about the people. Example: Peter is a butcher. (sell a lot of meat) He has sold a lot of meat. 1. Mr Nelson is an architect. (build some modern cottages) 2. Mr Kirk is a baker. (become famous for his wonderful bread) 3. Nelly is fond of painting. (draw funny pictures of animals) 4. Jack is a postman. (bring me so many letters and magazines) 5. Angela is bad at mathematics. (not learn how to add well) 6. Steve is so ill now. (not feel so bad since his operation) 30 Describe your last trip (journey, voyage, tour). Don’t forget to write a few words about the weather at the time. Ask your parents to help you with some ideas. 31 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. amVcil, departure, to check in (check-in), customs, customs officer, to book, booking office, fare Home Reading Lesson 4, text “A Letter from Yaroslavl’ 59 LESSOM 5 So Many Countries, So Many Customs (Russia, Britain, the USA) • history • main cities • symbols • famous people LET US REVIEW Put the following words into the correct category: parts of the city/pfaces of interest/places to work/money. road, factory, rouble ['ru:bl], exhibition, street, nickel, tower, shop, quarter, park, square, gallery, hospital, penny, airport, museum, bridge, pound, seaport, band, church, railway station, monument, dime, dollar Name at least five places in Moscow, in London, in Washington or New York where you would like to take your friend. We hope you remember such places of interest in London as: Trafalgar Square, the British Museum, Hyde Park. Try and answer the following questions about these places. 1. What is the centre of London? 2. Where is the National Gallery situated? 3. What do you know about the British Museum? 4. Which is the largest park in London? 5. What is there in the middle of Trafalgar Square? 60 4 This is the flag of Great Britain. The British people call it “the Union Jack”. It is red, white and blue. Do you remember the Russian and the American national flags? Describe them and draw them in your notebooks. Look at the pictures and say in what countries these buildings and places are. Which of them can you describe as symbols of: a) Russia, b) Britain, c) the USA? Do you remember any facts about the Russian, American and British history? Then answer the following questions. a) Russia. 1. Which is the largest country in the world? 2. Where is Russia situated? 3. What is the longest river in Russia? 4. What old Russian towns on the Volga do you know? 5. Who founded the capital of Russia? When? 6. What is the heart of Moscow? 7. What can you say about the birch tree? b) Britain. 1. When did England become a great country? 2. When did William the Conqueror come to England from France? What do you know about him? 3. What do you know about the Tower of London? Who built the White Tower? Why? 4. When was the Great Fire of London? 5. Did the people of London build a new city after the fire? 6. What can you say about the capital of England at the end of the 20th century? c) The USA, 1. Who discovered America? 2. What was the name of the ship that sailed from England to America? 3. Were there any women on board the “Mayflower”? 4. Who was the first president of the United States? 5. How many states are there in the United States? 6. What is the capital of the USA? BRUSH UP YOUR GRAMMAR The Future Indefinite Tense (Future Simple) shall/will + V tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next Monday, next January, next day, next week, next month, next year, in a few days I’m sure Tom will be a good architect. I’m twelve now. I’ll be thirteen next year. He says he’ll always remember our school. Nick has left for Kursk. He won’t be at the party. I shan’t see you next week. My parents won’t agree with this idea. Will you join us the day after tomorrow? Shall I phone you later? Will they buy the textbook? wh? Where will you go next summer? When will they give us their answer? Why won’t you send them your plan? Who will win? I hope Helen will. This is not the only way to speak about future in English. When we talk about our plans and things we have decided to do, we often use to be going to... . to be going to... V- I am/am not You are/aren’t He, She, It is/isn’t going to... We are/aren’t You are/aren’t They are/aren’t 7 Am I Is he, she, it Are we, you, they going to...? L 0 63 7 You and your friend are going to start a pop group. Complete these sentences about who is going to do what. Example: Nick/be/a singer. Nick is going to be a singer. 1. I/play/the piano. 2. Mary/play/the guitar. 3. John/learn to play/the violin. 4. Nick’s sister/write/songs for us. 5. My father/pay/for the instruments. 6. Tim/organize ['oigonaizj/our concerts. 7. We/become/famous. 8 a) Find out what Mrs Brown is telling her son. Use will (41) or won’t. One day you ... be a parent. You ... have children. They ... think you’re old. They ... listen to you. They ... like the things you like. They ... laugh at you. And you ... like it. You ...! You ... understand it! You ... think they’re too young. You ... think you’re right. It ... be the same thing. So, please do what I say. b) Do you think the son will do what his mother asks him to? What about you? 9 Make the sentences complete using will/shall or be going to... . Example: I like it when you play the guitar. ... you play and sing for us? I like it when you play the guitar. Will you play and sing for us? 1. The latest news is on now. I ... to watch TV. 2. I have bought two tickets for the new opera. I ... to the Bolshoi Theatre with my mother. 3. When ... you visit New York? 4. What ... you to do tonight? 5. He hasn’t decided yet where he ... work next month. 6. She wants to go to Moscow alone, so she ... to take her little cousin with her. 64 LET US LEARM LOOK, bewiembeb There are three main ways of talking about the future in English. Two of them you already know. (See “Brush up Your Grammar”.) But you can also use the present continuous tense to talk about your plans or things you have decided to do, especially with the verbs to go, to come, to arrive, to move, to leave, to have. I’m travelling to Rome tomorrow. = I’m going to travel to Rome tomorrow. Jill is not coming with us. = Jill is not going to come with us. When are you leaving for Washington DC? = When are you going to leave for Washington DC? We are having a party next Saturday night. Who is coming? = We are going to have a party next Saturday night. Who is going to come? 10 Express the same idea in another way. Example: He is going to have a meeting at 10 o’clock tomorrow. He is having a meeting at 10 o’clock tomorrow. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The plane is going to arrive half an hour later. My friends are going to come to Moscow for the weekend. My grandparents are going to move into a new flat next week. When are they going to arrive? She is going to leave for St. Petersburg in two days. 65 11 Look at the table and, using your imagination and the present continuous tense, say who, when and what is going to do. Example: Jane is arriving in Moscow at 5.30 tomorrow. Arriving 1) Jane, 5.30 2) Jill, next Monday 3) Fred and Bill, tomorrow Leaving 1) She, for the airport 2) Bob, Moscow, at 6 3) The Browns, for London Coming 1) Elizabeth, to Paris 2) George’s parents, next Friday 3) They, 7.15 Moving 1) into a new flat 2) to her summer cottage 3) to the country house Having 1) We, a party 2) They, a concert 3) The engineers, a conference Going 1) The Greens, away, next month 2) He, to Africa 3) We, to India, in 5 days 12 These are the new words for you to learn, a) Guess what these words mean: 1) fact [fsekt] role [raul] legend ['ledsand] rocket [’rokit] tradition [tra'dijn] plantator [plaen'teito] conservative [kan'ssivativ] president ['prezidant] academician [g.kaedo'mijn] university [ju:ni'v3:siti] 2) Arkhangelsk [a:'ka:ngelsk] Moscow University [‘moskau juimVsisiti] the Pacific Ocean [da pa,sifik ’aujn] Australia [a'streilia] James Cook ['(feeimz 'kuk] George Washington ['фэ:с^ 'wojiptan] Virginia [va'dsinia] Scotland ['skatland] Wales [weilz] Northern Ireland [,na:6an 'aialand] Guy Fawkes’ Day [,gai 'fa:ks dei] b) Look up the following words in your vocabulary: caviar custom honey hope pancake sour cream science scientist scientific village space spaceship c) Read the word combinations and sentences to know how to use these words. Many people think that caviar is the national food of Russian people. Caviar has become very expensive now. Some people eat pancakes with caviar, some of them like pancakes with sour cream or honey. I am not sure he is fond of sour cream. Do you know any interesting American customs? Traditions and customs are different in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Is it going to snow? — I hope so. Is it going to rain? — I hope not. Let’s hope for the best. The 20th century is the century of science. When he was a student at Moscow University he was fond of sciences. A person who knows much about a science is a scientist. M. Lomonosov was a great Russian scientist. What famous British scientists do you know? S. Korolev’s scientific theories and discoveries have changed a lot in the world of science. The planet Earth and everything and everyone on it are in space. Yuri Gagarin, the famous Russian cosmonaut, was the first man in the world who had a voyage^ in space. Yuri Gagarin made a space voyage around the world on board the spaceship “Vostok” on the 12th of April, 1961. Who was the first man to walk in space? The Russian cosmonaut Alexey Leonov was. A village is a small group of houses in the country. James Cook, a great English discoverer and traveller was born in a small village. voyage [Voicfe] — 1) морское путешествие; 2) полёт 67 13 Listen to the new words ((^21). Read them aloud after the speaker to check their pronunciation. Group one: Arkhangelsk, Moscow University, the Pacific Ocean, Australia, Virginia, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, James Cook, George Washington, Guy Fawkes’Day. Group two: caviar, a custom, honey, to hope, a pancake, sour cream, science, a scientist, scientific, a village, space, a spaceship. 14 Look at the pictures and name in English the food you see in them. МВД шты cmiAWA 15 Choose two possible answers to the questions. 1. What is the traditional Russian food? a) pancakes with caviar; b) pancakes with honey; c) pancakes with sour cream. 2. What is the traditional American food? a) roast turkey; b) roast chicken; c) hamburgers. 3. What is the traditional British food? a) porridge; b) bacon and eggs; c) soup. ЖРА 68 16 Say what the names for the following are: — eggs of large fishes; — the food people in Russia usually eat during Maslenitsa week; — a small group of houses in the country, which is not a settlement and is smaller than a town; — a ship which travels in space; — a person who knows much about a science; — systematic knowledge. 17 Look at the portraits of the Russian, English and American people and say what you can about them. • was born in the Kholmogory settlement near . ■ i the city of Arkhangelsk • father was a seaman • started to study at the age of 19 • became the first Russian Academician [Oikasdo'mijn] at the age of 33 • founded Moscow University in 1755 • a great scientist • made a lot of discoveries in different fields of science • a monument to M. Lomonosov is in Moscow О Д 'лЛк I, 3 was born in a small village near the city of Smolensk was interested in planes, spaceships, rockets became the first world cosmonaut at the age of 27 flew into space on the 12th of April, 1961 on board the spaceship “Vostok” the monument to Y. Gagarin is in Moscow in Gagarin Square Y. A. Gagarin (1934-1968) was born in an English village father was a poor farmer became a seaman, traveller and discoverer made three voyages around the world discovered a lot of islands in the Pacific Ocean [po'sifik 'эи/п], explored the eastern coast’ of Australia a coast [kaust] — побережье James Cook (1728-1779) 69 George Washington (1732-1799) was born in America, state of Virginia a son of a rich plantator became an American general at the age of 43 took part in the War of Independence (1775-1783) against Britain fought many battles won a lot of battles in the War of Independence the first US President (1789—1797) 18 Answer the questions (see ex. 17). 1. When was Lomonosov born? 2. Who was the first Russian cosmonaut? Who was the first man to walk in space? 3. Who was the first Russian Academician? 4. When did Lomonosov found Moscow University? 5. Where was Gagarin from and what was he interested in? 6. What was James Cook? 7. How many voyages around the world did he make? 8. What did James Cook discover? 9. Who was the first US President? 10. In what battles did Washington take part? LET US LISTEIU, READ AMD LEARM 19 a) Read the title of the poem and try to decide what it is about. b) Listen to the poem “A Question” ((^22), and read it. Then learn it by heart. A QUESTION (by Edith Segal) Some people live in the country Where the houses are very small. Some people live in the city. Where the houses are very tall. But in the country where the houses are small. The gardens are very big. And in the city where the houses are tall. There are no gardens at all. Where would you rather live? LET US READ AMD TALK 20 a) Read the text and decide which title is the best for it. • Different Traditions and Customs in Britain and Russia • More about British and Russian Traditions • Famous British Traditions b) Try and prove that every country has its own traditions and customs. Every nation and every country has its own traditions and customs. In Britain traditions play a more important role in the life of people than in other countries. They say British people are very conservative [kon'ssrvotiv]. They are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up. But when we speak about British traditions we always remember that there are four parts in Britain — England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Traditions are different in these parts of the country. You already know some of the English traditions and holidays. We hope you remember St. Valentine’s Day, St. Patrick’s Day, Halloween which have also become traditional American holidays. Here are some more facts about old English traditions. 71 The ravens^ are one of the most famous sights at the Tower of London. They have lived in the Tower from its very beginning, over 900 years ago and as one of the old English legends ['lecfeondz] says, only so long as they are here will the Tower stand. If the ravens leave the Tower of London, the Crown and England will fall. One can say the ravens hold the power of the Crown itself. But the birds have never left the Tower. In the 17th century King Charles II ordered that six ravens should always live in the Tower of London and since then they have been under Royal protection. The ravens are black. Each raven has got its name and the keepers carefully look after them. If one of the birds dies, another younger raven takes its place. The keepers cut the birds’ wings^ a bit as they are afraid that they may fly away. Another old English custom is Guy Fawkes’ Day.^ As it gets dark on the 5th of November (and before) children go out into the streets with a figure [Tigs] like a scarecrow.They stand in the streets and squares asking for “a Penny for the Guy”. Then with the money they have collected they buy fireworks^ and burn the guy (the figure like a scarecrow) on their bonfire.® ’ a raven ['rervn] — ворон ^ a wing [wii]] — крыло ® Guy Fawkes’ Day [,gai 'forks dei] — День Гая Фокса a scarecrow ['skeokrou] — чучело ® firework ['faiowsik] — фейерверк ® bonfire ['bnnfaio] — большой костёр People watch the fireworks and some people go to parties in the evening. People in Russia have their own special traditions. One of them is Maslenitsa — the holiday, which lasts for a week, to say goodbye to winter. People celebrate it at the end of February or at the beginning of March. During this holiday they celebrate the end of winter and the beginning of spring. In old times people usually cooked pancakes, had fires, burnt straw^ figures of winter, they sang songs and danced. Now during “Maslenitsa week” people always cook pancakes. They invite their friends, their nearest and dearest, to see each other and eat pancakes with sour cream, fish, caviar or butter, sugar, honey. Though different countries have different traditions and holidays people all over the world know some of them. They are — Easter, Christmas and New Year. 0 21 Read the text again and say if the following statements are “True”, “False” or “Not stated”. 1. Every country has its own traditions and customs. 2. There are no common^ traditions all over the world. 3. English people celebrate Maslenitsa. 4. There are some common holidays in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. 5. The ravens have been in the Tower of London since Charles II. 6. English people celebrate Guy Fawkes’ Day on the 5th of November. 7. Russian people seldom eat pancakes with caviar now. 22 Divide the text into logical parts and name them. 23 You have found a few new facts about Russian and English traditions in the text (ex. 20). What other customs, traditions and holidays in these countries do you remember? Get ready to speak about some of them. ^ straw [stro:] — a) солома; 6) соломенный ^ common ['котэп] — зд. общие 73 24 Say a few words about the history and main cities in one of these countries — Russia, Britain, the USA. 25 What Russian, British and American symbols do you remember? Tell your friend, who is interested in these countries, everything you can. 26 We are not sure your classmates know much about famous people of different countries. Ask them questions to find out. LET US LISTEIU AMD TALK 055^ 27 a) Listen to the text “Blue Jeans” ((®)23) and choose the right answer to each question. 1. What was Levi Strauss’s home country? a) America b) Germany c) California 2. How did Levi Strauss become rich? a) He found gold. b) He made some strong material for clothes. c) He made a piece of clothing. 3. Why did jeans become popular with gold miners? a) They were beautiful in colour. b) They could wear well. c) They could wash well. b) Do you ever wear jeans? When do you wear them? Why do you do it? LET US WRITE 28 Do ex. 6 (a, b or c) and ex. 10 in writing. 29 A friend of yours is going to have a birthday party. You want to know more about it. Write not less than 5 questions. Example: When/you/have your birthday party? When are you going to have your birthday party? 1. How many people/you/invite? 2. What time/the party/start? 3. Where/you/have/the party? 4. Who/cook/the food? 5. What/you/wear? 30 Make friendly answers to these questions using will or won’t. Example: Will it be an interesting travel? I’m sure it will. (No, of course, it won’t.) 1. Will you help me to learn something about the symbols of America and Britain? 2. Will people laugh at this idea? 3. Will you tell me something about the main cities of Russia? 4. Will you take me to the central square of your city? 5. Will you tell me a few words about famous Russian people? 31 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. caviar, custom, honey, hope, pancake, sour cream, science, scientific, scientist, village, space, spaceship Home Reading Lesson 5, text “Special Days” Home Reading Lesson 6, text “The Hot Dog” 75 BASIC COURSE Part 1 THE WORLD AROUND US Part 2 THE GEOGRAPHY OF THE UK AND ITS POLITICAL OUTLOOK HEALTH AND BODY CARE SPORTS AND GAMES SHOPPING The World Around Us LESSON 6 LET US REVIEW 1 You already know some words about nature, about the world around us. Let’s play a memory game. Look at the words for a moment, then close the book and name everything you remember. Seaside, ocean, earth, river, lake, sea, forest, field, hill, mountain, continent, star, moon, sun, plant, tree, leaf, flower, grass, water, stone, ground, space, garden, road, wind, land, rain, snow, island, birch, planet. 2 Choose the words connected^ with a) water, b) plants, c) places on the earth. Write them in three columns. (See ex. 1.) 3 Think of names for them: a) the part of a plant which is often beautiful and coloured; b) a large area of land with lots of trees; c) a large water body flowing to a sea or an ocean; d) a big bright body in the sky from which the earth gets light; e) a space body in the sky which moves round the earth and shines at night. 4 Pretend you are a teacher. Let your classmates answer the questions. 1. What long rivers of the world can you name? 2. What do you find on the earth? 3. What can you see in the fields and forests? 4. What can you see in the sky? 5. Is England situated on an island or on the continent? What about Canada? 6. How many continents are there in the world? ^ connect [ka'nekt] — связывать, соединять 77 5 Describe your favourite season for your classmates to guess. 6 Do you remember what people usually say when they meet each other? If not, look at the list of examples. How do you do? (very formal) Hello. Hi. Good morning. Morning. Good afternoon. ^ Good evening. F Evening. After such a greeting people usually say; How are you? s Your answer usually is: Fine. Thanks. What about you? Very well. Thank you. C_ Fine. Thanks. How are you? OK. Thank you. 7 Listen to the dialogue ((©J24). Learn it by heart — Hi! How are you? — Very well. Thanks. How are you7 — I am fine. How are your parents? — Fine. What about yours? — They are fine too. вЕмевпвев Adj + -th = N warm — warmth [wo:m0] long — length [lep0] wide — width [wid0] strong — strength [strei]0] 8 We think you know the meanings of the adjectives: warm, long, wide, strong. Then guess the meanings of the nouns: warmth, length, width, strength. (Mind the spelling and the pronunciation.) 9 Make the right choice. 1. What is the (long, length) of the corridor? 2. How (long, length) is the street? 3. He is not (strong, strength) enough to fight with John. 4. My brother can lift the box because of his (strong, strength). 5. Alice’s skirt is too (wide, width). 6. We can’t get the piano through the door because of its (wide, width). 7. Is spring a (warm, warmth) season? 8. We felt the (warm, warmth) of the sun on our faces and hands. 10 These are the new words for you to iearn. a) Guess what these words mean: nation ['neijn], nationality [.naejo'naeliti] b) Look up the following words in your vocabulary: curious explore set rise continue separate c) Read the sentences to know how to use the words. curious ['kjuarigs] (adj): ‘Curious’ means eagerHo learn about things that are new, strange or interesting. If a child is curious, he’s always asking questions. I’m curious to know what he said. Was he really curious to know more about the new planet? My little brother is very curious, he always asks a lot of questions, explore [ik'spb:] (v): ‘To explore’ is to travel in unknown lands for the purpose of discovery. Did our cosmonauts explore space to learn what it is like? Columbus discovered America but he did not explore the new continent, an explorer [ik'spbiro] (n) is one who explores. exploration [,ekspb'rei/n] (n): Did the exploration of space begin in Russia? set [set] (set, set) (v): ‘To set’ means here to go down. Is the sun setting? It will be colder when the sun has set. When will the sun set? Where does the sun set? — It sets in the west. * eager ['кдэ] — желающий, стремящийся 79 rise [raiz] (rose, risen) (v): What time does the sun rise? He rose from his seat to welcome me. They rose from table. Look! The curtain is rising. Why did the wind suddenly rise? continue [kon'tinju:] (v): ‘To continue’ means to go on without stopping. The snowfall continued for two days. Tom continued his work though he felt bad. You must continue your study of English. After a short break the play continued, separate ['sepsreit] (v): to separate (the) countries, to separate two gardens. What does the sea separate? It separates the two countries. The mountains separate the two continents. Who separated the good apples from the bad ones? What separates England from France? nation ['neijn] (n): ‘A nation’ is a large group of people living together, having the same history, customs, traditions and language. When we speak of the American people we speak of a group that came from all parts of the world to form the American nation. Are Russians a peace-loving nation? national ['nae/nol] (adj): What Russian national holidays do you know? Where is the National Bank? Have you ever been to the National Gallery in London? The national anthem^ of Great Britain is “God Save the King/Queen”. nationality [.naeja'nasliti] (n): What is your nationality? — I’m Russian. 11 Say it right: make the sentences complete using continue, curious, rise, set, explore, separate, nationality. 1. This boy is very ..., he always asks a lot of questions. 2. What’s his ...? — He is Russian. 3. The river ... the two parts of the city. 4. Yuri Gagarin was the first to ... space. 5. The sun ... earlier in winter than in summer. 6. I’m ... to know what has happened to her. 7. Why did the wind suddenly ...? 8. The rainfall ... for the whole week. 12 Ask questions for your classmates to answer. 1. What can separate the two continents? 2. What is your nationality? 3. Are Russians a peace-loving nation? 4. The sea separates England from France, doesn’t it? 5. When do we call a person curious? anthem ['гепвэт] — гимн 80 эШШ 6. What is the national anthem of Great Britain? 7. When does the sun rise in summer? When does it set? 8. What is the length of the main street of Moscow? tOOK,BEl№A««> used to Used [ju:st] to refers to repeated actions in the past (past customs). + He used to live in Kursk (but now he doesn’t). She used to have long hair (but now she doesn’t have it long). I used to go to the South every summer (but now I don’t). My brother didn’t use to like fish when a child. (more often used) = My brother used not to like fish when a child. He didn’t use to speak loudly. (more often used) = He used not to speak loudly. 7 Did you use to be good friends when you were children? Did they use to spend summer in the mountains? Pronunciation Used in used to is pronounced [ju:st]. The verb to use in the past indefinite (used) is pronounced Du:zd]. 13 Say: — what sort [so:t] of food you used to eat when you were a child; Example: I used to drink a lot of milk. — what the people in your family used to do in summer; Example: My father used to swim a lot. — what your friends used to wear in winter. Example: Sasha used to wear a warm sweater. 81 14 Mr Brown is rather poor now. But when he was young he used to be rich and famous. a) Look at the picture and say what he used to do then. Example: He used to go to restaurants. b) Use your imagination and say what he didn’t use to do. Example: He didn’t use to go boating in autumn. c) Ask questions about what he used to do. Example: Did he use to buy expensive furniture? LET US LISTEN, READ 15 Listen to the song “The Beauty^ of the World”, part I (W25). THE BEAUTY OF THE WORLD Part I I used to see the stars at night. I used to hear the birds. I used to feel the warmth of the sun. I used to smelP the springtime flowers. And sing so happily. I used to sing a song about the beauty of the world. 16 Listen to the talk ((^26). Read it and decide which title is the best for the dialogue. Then act it out. • Kate Goes to the Bar • Mrs Brown in her Youth • Old Ladies Talking Mrs Roberts: Oh, hello, dear. I’m so glad to meet you. This is Kate, my granddaughter. Mrs Brown: Nice to meet you, Kate. How are you? Kate: Fine, thanks. Granny, can I wait for you somewhere? Mrs Roberts: OK, Kate, go and buy some cola. Explore the bar [ba:]. (Kate goes to the bar.) You know she is not very brave, when she meets new people. Mrs Brown: I used to be that way when I was her age. Though I was always curious and asked my parents a lot of questions. Mrs Roberts: Oh, she also does. She is very much interested in geography now. And I can hear her questions all day long “What is the length of the Mississippi? What sea separates Africa from Europe? Where does the sun set and where does it rise?” She starts asking questions early in the morning and continues till late at night. Oh, here she goes with a big bottle ['bntl] of cola. ’ beauty ['bju:li] — красота ^ smell [smel] — запах; чувствовать запах 83 1-^ЕЙ 17 Listen to the talk of ex. 16 again right sentences from below. ©)26), and read out the 1. a) Kate meets her friend. b) Mrs Roberts meets Mrs Brown. c) Mrs Roberts and Kate meet Mrs Brown. 2. a) Kate is going to explore the bar. b) Kate explored the bar. c) Kate explores the bar. 3. a) Kate used not to be brave. b) Kate used to be brave. c) Mrs Brown used not to be brave. 4. a) Mrs Brown is curious. b) Mrs Roberts is curious. c) Kate is curious. 5. a) Kate wants to know the length of the Mississippi. b) Kate wants to know the width of the Thames. c) Kate wants to know the length of the Seine. 6. a) Kate never continues to ask questions in the evening. b) Kate continues to ask questions in the evening. c) Mrs Brown continues to ask questions all day long. LET US READ AMD TALK 18 Learn to read these proper names: Europe ['juorap] Germany ['d53:m9ni] Asia ['eijs] Vietnam [,vi:et'naem] Australia [o'streilia] China ['tfains] Antarctic [aen'ta:ktik] Iceland ['aisbnd] the Vatican [Vaetikan] Egypt ['i:(%ipt] France [frcims] Italy ['itah] Spain [spein] 19 a) Read the text “Continents and Countries” to get some new information about the world around us. Say what the smallest country in the world is. CONTINENTS AND COUNTRIES The planet we live on is the Earth. The Earth is round. If you look at the Earth from space, you will be able to see land, seas, oceans, continents and even countries. Sometimes you can see them through clouds.^ They look very beautiful when the sun rises or sets. There are four oceans and six continents. The continents are: Eurasia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, North America and South America. The continents are very large. Oceans and seas wash ^ cloud [klaud] — облако 85 them and separate them from each other. There are usually many countries on each continent. For example, there are more than 40 countries in Africa, but there is only one large country in Australia. It has got almost the same name as the continent. Australia is a very big country, but some countries are small. Iceland is a very small country. It is situated on an island to the north of Europe. Let’s name some countries from each continent: the Russian Federation (Russia), the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Spain, Italy are in Europe; China, India, Vietnam are in Asia; Canada and the United States are in America; Egypt is an African country. The largest country in the world is the Russian Federation (Russia). The smallest country is the Vatican. All the countries have interesting people, places, animals and plants. People of different nationalities live in these countries. They speak different languages. Each country has its national flag, anthem and its own traditions and customs. b) Read the text again and say if the following statements are “True”, “False” or “Not stated”. 1. The Earth is a beautiful planet. 2. From space you can see cities, towns and small villages on the Earth. 3. Africa is larger than Australia. 4. Oceans separate continents from each other. 5. The largest country in the world is Russia. 6. The smallest country in the world is Iceland. 20 Now you have learnt some facts about geography. Could you answer the questions? 1. What is the name of the planet we live on? 2. What will you be able to see if you look at the Earth from space? 3. How many oceans are there on our planet? 4. How many continents are there? What are they? 5. What separates the continents from each other? 6. There are many countries on each continent, aren’t there? 7. What is the largest country in the world? 86 Reference Material^ Country Capital EUROPE The Russian Federation (Russia) Moscow The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland London France Paris [’paens] Germany Berlin [Ьз:'1ш] Spain Madrid [ms'dnd] Italy Rome [room] ASIA China Beijing (Peking) [,pi;'kip] India Delhi [‘dell] Vietnam Hanoi [,ha:'noi] AMERICA Canada Ottawa ['DtQwo] The United States of America Washington DC 'di:'si:] Flag 11 Ы (g) ^ Reference Material ['refrans ma'tianal] — справочный материал 87 Flag :vji^ * Country AFRICA Egypt AUSTRALIA Australia Продолжение Capital Cairo ['каюгэи] Canberra ['каепЬэгэ] Country Nationality Language EUROPE Russia Russian Russian The UK English English France French French Germany German German Spain Spanish (Spaniard) Spanish Italy Italian Italian ASIA China Chinese ['tjai'ni:z] Chinese India Indian Hindi ['hmdi], English Vietnam Vietnamese [yketno'miiz] Vietnamese AMERICA Canada Canadian English, French The USA American English AFRICA Egypt Egyptian [i'd3ipjbn] Arabic [’aerabik] AUSTRALIA Australia Australian English 21 Look through the Reference Material and name: 3 countries in Europe, 2 countries in Asia, 2 countries in America. What are their capitals? Find their national flags and say what their colours are. 22 Could you give the name of the continent which is almost the same as the name of the country situated on it? What language do people speak there? What is its capital? Find its national flag and describe it. 23 What languages do people who live in Canada speak? What is the capital of Canada? What are the colours of the Canadian national flag? 24 Imagine that you’re at an international [,ш1э'пае/пэ1] conference ['kDiifarons]. Say what your name (nationality) is, where you are from and what language you speak. Example: My name is Van Lee. I’m from Vietnam. I’m Vietnamese. My language is Vietnamese. Lorance/France Tony/Italy Lisa/Germany Lucille/France Carmen/Spain Hans/Germany George/Canada Ahmad/Egypt 25 Tell the class what new information about the Earth and people on it you’ve learnt. Here is the plan to help you. 1. The Earth from space. 2. The continents. 3. The countries (the smallest and the largest ones). 4. People, nationalities, languages. LET US LISTEN J 26 a) Listen to the text “Things Used to Be Different Many Years Ago” ((®)27) and choose the right statement. 1. Mary Baker wrote her first book when she was fifteen. 2. She used to be a doctor in a London hospital. 3. Mary is sorry she can’t live in London now. 4. Mary writes novels about modern life. b) Why is it important to know how people used to live many years ago? In what way was the life long ago different from the life today? 89 LET US WRITE 27 Copy the table and fill it in. Country Capital Nationality Language Ottawa Australia American Spanish Rome Arabic Germany 28 Write the names of the countries: 1) nadaca 2) ncefra 3) ssirua 4) iyatl 5) anihc 6) aauisatrl 29 Write the names of the capitals: 1) of Germany 2) of France 3) of Egypt 4) of Great Britain 5) of Canada 6) of Australia 30 Express the following in English. 1) Солнце встаёт на востоке, а садится на западе. 2) Они продолжали жить в маленькой деревне. 3) Когда мы были маленькими, мы обычно играли с игрушечными слонгши и другими игрушечными животными. 4) Какие горы отделяют Европу от Азии? 5) Откуда Анна родом? — Она из Франции. Она родилась в Париже. Французский — её родной язык. 6) Какого цвета национальный флаг России? 31 Open the brackets and make the story complete. FOR THOSE WHO LIKE TO TRAVEL One day a Paris newspaper (have) an advertisement^ about a very cheap way of travelling. Many people (believe) it and (send) their money. A few days later each of them (get) a letter. The letter advertisement [ad'vartismant] — объявление (read)’. “Sir, (rest) in bed and (remember) that the Earth (turn). Paris (turn) together with the Earth. You (travel) more than 25,000 kilometres a day. You (may) (look) out of the window and (enjoy) your journey.” 32 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. cunous, to explore, explorer, exploration, to set (set, set), to rise (rose, risen), to continue, to separate, nation, national, nationality Home Reading Lesson 7, text “Between the Sun and the Earth” 91 LESSOm 7 LET US REVIEW 1 Look at the pictures of the flags. Name the countries, say what languages people speak in these countries and what nationalities they are. 2 Use your imagination and say what their names are and where they are from. My name is_____I am English. I’m from ... . My name is ... I’m from ... . I am Australian. ’ 0^ г ^ Му name is .... I am Chinese. I’m from ... . My name is____I am French. I’m from___ My name is_____I am Canadian. I’m from .... My name is .... I am Russian. I’m from____ 3 Say in what countries and on what continents these cities are situated. The Reference Material of Lesson 6 can help you. Example: Cairo is in Africa. It is in Egypt. Cairo, Berlin, Rome, Delhi, Ottawa, Madrid, Washington DC. 4 Say when these cosmonauts were in space (flew into space). Yuri Gagarin, 1961; Valentina Tereshkova, 1963; Alexey Leonov, 1965, 1975; German Titov, 1961; Andrean Nikolaev, 1962, 1970. 5 Which of the Russian cosmonauts was the first into space and when was it? 6 Liza, Betty, Lorance and Mary are fond of learning languages. Look at the table and say: what languages they already know and what languages they are learning. Example: Mary already knows Italian, she is learning the French language and the Spanish language now. 93 knows wants to know Italian the French language Mary English the Spanish language Liza French the Italian language Betty German the English language Lorance Arabic Spanish Chinese the Russian language 7 Make up true sentences using the table. The seas The mountains the countries. The forests separate the continents. The river separates the cities. The ocean the islands. The sea 8 Say what the children used to do and what is happening now. Use the given word combinations. Example: — to live on the farm Nick used to live on the farm in summer, now he is living in town (or but now he doesn’t). — to take a holiday in the mountains, — to watch the sunset, — to watch the sunrise, — to go fishing, — to be very curious, — to explore new territories. 9 Disagree. Example: a) Susan used to have long hair last year. Oh, no, she didn’t. She used to have short hair last year, b) We didn’t use to play these games when we were children. Oh, yes, you did. You used to play these games when you were children. 1. When Harry was little he used to cry a lot. e: 2. They used to explore the forests when they were in South Africa. 3. She used not to like fish. 4. He used not to work in that company. 5. We used to be good friends. 6. Nelly used to be interested in stamps. 7. John used not to be fond of animals. 10 Express your doubt. Example: Nelly used to explore new lands with her father who is an explorer. Did she really use to explore new lands? 1. My granny used to cook fantastic pancakes. 2. My grandad used to be a scientist. 3. Nelly used to be very much interested in science. 4. The pupils used to learn a lot about history and the main cities of Russia. 5. She used to live in a small village. 6. He used to get interesting information about space and space trips. 11 Try and remember what people usually say when they part. The list of examples below can help you. Goodbye, see you tomorrow. Goodbye, see you on Monday. So long, see you soon. So long, see you again. Bye-bye, see you. (See you around.) Goodbye, I hope to see you some day. When you answer you can say the same or you can add: Have a nice day! Have a nice weekend! Have a good trip! Have fun! Have a good time! After this people usually say: Thanks. Thanks, you too! Thanks, the same to you. s 95 12 Listen to the dialogues ((^28). Read, learn them by heart and then act them out. 1) — So long, Helen. — Bye, Nick. See you on Monday. Have a nice weekend. — Thanks, you too. 2) — Goodbye, Mr Wilson. It was so nice to meet you. — Goodbye, Ann. It was nice meeting you. Hope to see you some day. 3) — So long, Nelly. See you soon. — Bye, Fred. See you. 4) — Bye, Marilyn. — Goodbye. See you tomorrow. Have fun! LET US LEARN I He She We You They Was 96 U>OK. ВЕЛО AND BEWiemeeB Past Continuous was/were + Ving +/- was/wasn’t were/weren’t sleeping at 5 o’clock yesterday. I he she sleeping at 5 o’clock yesterday? Yes, I (he, she) was. No, I (he, she) wasn’t. Were sleeping at 5 o’clock yesterday? Yes, we (you, they) were. No, we (you, they) weren’t. While^ Jane was reading a book, Susan was watching TV. While Nick was skiing in the mountains, Teddy was swimming in the ocean. While Ann was drawing a picture, Fred was writing a letter. They were playing football when their mother came. Teddy was speaking over the phone when the door bell rang. 13 Say what the people were doing yesterday at different time. Example: Robert was speaking on the phone at 2.45 yesterday. 1. Robert (2.45!to speak) on the phone. 2. Nelly and Ann (11.30/to move) into a new flat. 3. Mrs Brown (5.45/to sell) vegetables. 4. The Greens (8.00/to sail) to St. Petersburg. 5. Pete and Jack (7.00/to fight) each other. 6. Bill (10.15/to prepare) for his classes. 7. Andrew and Ted (4.30/listen to) the music. 14 Say what Andrew’s relatives were doing when he came home. came home, his mother was cooking Example: When Andrew dinner. 1. Mother/to cook dinner. 2. Grandparents/to watch a feature film on TV. 3. Father/to read a newspaper. 4. Uncle/to look through the magazine. 5. Aunts/to make jam. 6. Cousins/to play with toys on the floor. 7. Little brother/to cry. 15 Mrs Brown has got 8 children. She went out to do the shopping and asked her children to help her. But they didn’t. She is back home and asks her children: “What were you doing while I was shopping?” while [wail] — в to время как 97 One of her “good” children answers: “While you were shopping, I was washing up.” Give the other children’s answers. The word combinations in the box will help you. to make one’s bed, to cook dinner, to wash the floor, to make tea, to clean the carpet, to clean the clothes, to wash the window 16 Look at the pictures and say what her children were really doing. 17 These are the new words for you to learn. a) Guess what these words mean: international [,int9'naejn9l] practically ['praektikli] an apartment [on o'paitmont] an equivalent [on I'kwivolont] New Zealand [nju: 'zi:lond] b) Look up the following words in your vocabulary: while both nowadays foreign use 98 с) Read the sentences to know how to use the words. while [wail] (conj): ‘While’ means during the time that ... While he was taking a shower, his friend was washing up. I was looking through the magazine, while Nelly was speaking to her aunt. nowadays ['nauadeiz] (adv): ‘Nowadays’ means at the present time, in these days. Do most people travel by plane nowadays? use [ju:z] (v), to use — used: May I use your textbook?—You certainly may. When we walk we use our legs and feet. I don’t know how to use this rule. Are you using this dictionary? both [Ьэи0] (pron): ‘Both’ means the two, the one as well as the other. Were both boys playing football? They were both tired and hungry. I want both books (I want both of them), foreign ['form] (adj): Have you ever visited any foreign countries? What foreign languages does she speak? He doesn’t speak any foreign languages. 18 Make up sentences using the table. People Most people Many people foreign languages by plane by train learn by sea travel cartoons watch videos read feature films a lot of books a lot of newspapers a lot of magazines nowadays. 19 Say what things you use: — to buy vegetables and fruit, — to write letters, — to learn foreign languages, — to cook dinner, — to drink coffee/mineral water, — to eat soup. Example: I use money to buy fruit. 99 20 Say you are fond of both things. Example: I am fond of both fruit and vegetables. — fruit, vegetables; — tea, coffee; — milk, water; — country life, town life; — short stories, long novels; — cartoons, feature films; — to travel by sea, to travel by plane; — to ski, to skate; — to work at home, to work at the library. 21 Let your classmate give you some information to express your surprise. Use the example. Example: P^: I have never been to the Bolshoi Theatre. Pg: You don’t say (so)! LET US LISTEN, READ AND LEARN 22 Listen to the song “The Beauty of the World”, part II ((^29) THE BEAUTY OF THE WORLD Part II It was a long, long time ago, I used to sing a song. Before the black smoke^ filled^ the sky, I used to sing a song. I used to sing a song about the beauty of the world. Did you use to see the stars shining in the night? Did you use to hear the birds and feel the sun? Did you use to smell the flowers? Their colours were so bright. I used to sing a song about the beauty of the world. ’ smoke [smauk] — дым ^ fill [fil] — наполнять 100 LET US READ AMD TALK 23 Read the dialogue “English-speaking Countries” and say why Helen is much interested in the English language. ENGLISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES Diana: Hi, Helen! Haven’t seen you for ages! How’ve you been? Helen: Just fine, thanks, and you? It’s been a long time since I saw you. Diana: Right, it has. I last saw you in the library. You were preparing for the talk' on your favourite subject — English, of course. Helen: True. But why are you laughing? I think English is the most popular language nowadays. People all over the world speak English. In Russia and France, in Germany and Italy, in Spain and Egypt people learn English as a foreign language. Diana: I know they do. By the way, they say, that English has become the most important international language of nowadays.^ Helen: Oh, yes, it certainly has. People will understand you practically everywhere if you speak English. In most of the countries people speak English and their native language of course. Diana: And in what countries do people use English as their native language? Helen: In Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. These are English-speaking countries. Diana: So in all these countries people speak the same language, don’t they? Helen: My answer is “yes” and “no”. Though they all speak English, yet it is a little different in each of these countries. Diana: You don’t say so!® I never knew that Americans and the English speak different languages. Helen: Oh, no! They don’t. They speak English in both countries, but people speak American English in the USA and British English in Great Britain. Different words often name the same things. Diana: What do you mean? Helen: I mean that people live in flats in England but they live in apartments in America. They eat cookies and candies in the USA, but biscuits and sweets in Great Britain. Children go to school in * to prepare for the talk — готовиться к докладу ^ of nowadays ['nau3,deiz] — нашего времени ® You don’t say so! — He может быть! Да что ты говоришь! the fall in America but in autumn in England. Diana: That’s very interesting indeed. 24 Answer the questions. 1. What English-speaking countries do you know? 2. Is English or French the most important international language nowadays? 3. What foreign languages are popular in Russia? 4. Do you know American equivalents [I'kwivabnts] for the British words “biscuits”, “sweets”, “autumn”? 25 Work in pairs, imagine that you are preparing for a test on the topic “English-speaking Countries”. Ask each other questions to see what things you remember about them. Find out: a) what English-speaking countries you remember; b) in what countries the English language is popular nowadays and is used as the international language; c) if English is the same in all English-speaking countries; d) what words are used in America instead of the words “biscuits”, “sweets”, “autumn”. 26 Were any of your classmates absent from the lesson? Tell him/her in brief what the text is about. (See ex. 23.) 27 Say everything you can about the following continents: a) North America, b) Eurasia, c) Australia. LET US LISTEIU AMD TALK H 28 a) Listen to the text “A Quick-minded Explorer” ((^30) and choose the right statement. 1. The explorer said he had found a lot of money in the hotel. 2. The explorer knew he was talking to a policeman. 3. The policeman knew he was talking to an explorer. 4. The explorer was going to spend the money on his new book. b) What is the right way to behave during a fire? How can people help each other when a house or a hotel is on fire? LET US WRITE 29 Do ex. 10 in writing. 30 Complete the sentences. — While the children were running____ — While my father was looking through the magazine______ — While Ann was reading a novel .... — ... when I saw them in the street. — ... when the telephone rang. 31 Express the following in English. 1) Вчера в 3 часа Анна играла на флейте, а её братья играли на скрипке. 2) В то время как Фред включал пылесос, его жена включала стиральную машину. 3) В то время как я покупала овопди, я разговаривала с продавцом овощей и фруктов. 4) Мой папа чинил центральное отопление вчера в 7 часов вечера. 5) Кто играл в теннис, когда вы вошли в зал? 6) Маленький Том смотрел на карту Европы, когда его сестра рассказывала ему об Англии. 7) Что ты делал, когда бабушка пекла блины? 8) В то время когда дети слушали музыку, их родители наблюдали за восходом солнца. 32 Маке the right choice. 1. Moscow is in .... a) Asia, b) Australia, c) Africa, d) Europe 2. The Australians speak_____ a) English, b) American, c) French, d) Australian 3. ... separate Europe from Asia. a) The Alps, b) The Volga, c) The Urals, d) The Thames 4. ... is in Africa. a) China, b) Vietnam, c) Egypt, d) Spain 5. The national Russian flag is .... a) blue, red and white, b) blue, white and red, c) white, blue and red, d) red, white and blue 6. John is a typical ... name. a) English, b) German, c) French, d) Spanish 33 Learn to write these words and phrases. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. while, nowadays, use, both, foreign. You don't say (so)! Home Reading Lesson 8, text “Prince Sparrow”, part I 103 LESSOm 8 LET US REVIEW 1 Look at the pictures and say what the boys were doing. 2 The police officer asks Mr Pace some questions about yesterday. Pretend you are Mr Pace and answer the officer’s questions. The word combinations will help you. Police officer: What were you doing at 9 (11, 2, 5, 7) o’clock yesterday? to have breakfast, to watch TV, to read a newspaper, to work in the office, to learn a foreign language 104 3 Robert was nearly two hours late for school. This is what happened. 1. 7.30. He cleaned his teeth in the bathroom. The telephone rang. It was his granny. He spoke to his granny for a few minutes. 2. He ate his breakfast. The door bell rang. It was his friend. 3. They left for school. They saw Robert’s uncle from another city at the door. Robert let him in. 4. Robert showed their flat to his uncle. There was a call from his father. He explained to him why he was at home with his uncle. 5. He walked to school and saw a burglar in the house opposite. Robert spoke to the police. Say what Robert was doing at the time mentioned in the episode. Example: While Robert was walking to school, he saw a burglar in the house opposite. 4 Your friend lives in a big city. Ask him questions about the place his house is situated in. The words will help you. the library, the Folk Art Museum, the circus, the picture gallery, the village, the building of the art exhibition Example: Is your house situated near the cinema? 5 Read and compare. past indefinite — He sold his car yesterday. — They moved into a new flat 3 weeks ago. — Alec fought with his brother last Sunday. — I wrote 3 letters the day before yesterday. past continuous — He was selling his car at 4 o’clock yesterday. — I couldn’t reach them as they were moving into a new flat. — The boys were fighting when their father came in. — While Nelly was speaking to her cousin, I was writing a letter. Think of 6 sentences using: yesterday — yesterday at 3 o’clock; last Sunday — when the telephone rang; 3 days ago — while I was reading a magazine. (Ex. 5 can help you.) 105 7 Say what you used to do when you were a child and what you didn’t use to do. Think of not less than 6 sentences. 8 Do you remember how to invite people to this or that place? We hope you do. When people invite somebody to the cinema, the theatre, to have lunch, etc. they usually say: Let’s go to the park. Let’s have lunch. How about watching a good TV show? How about going to the circus? I feel like going to the cinema tonight. I feel like playing chess. I don’t feel like studying tonight, let’s go for a walk. Can you come over for my party tomorrow? Can you come over for dinner tonight? I’d like to take you to the Bolshoi on Wednesday. We’d like to take you to our City Museum. In all these cases the people you invite to different places are your friends or you know them very well. Your invitations are informal. But if you invite people who are much older than you, who are your teachers or your friends’ parents or people you don’t know very well you’d better say: I’d like to invite you to our meeting on Friday. Can you come? ^ We are having a party on Saturday night. Would you like to join F us? When people accept invitations they usually say: I’d love to. Thanks. That sounds good. ^ I’d be glad to (come). Thank That sounds great. F you. That sounds like fun. Let’s (go). OK. I’d like that very much. All right. When people refuse they usually say: I’m afraid I can’t. I’d love to, but I’m afraid I can’t. I wish I could but I’m afraid I can’t. Thank you for your invitation. But I can’t, I’m afraid/I’m sorry. 106 Listen to the dialogues then act them out. 31). Read, learn them by heart and 1) — Can you come over for dinner tonight? — I’d like that very much. What time should I come? — Come at 6, if you can. — Fine. 2) — We are having a party tonight. I hope you can come. — I’d love to. 3) — Let’s have lunch today. — OK. Where shall we meet? — In the hall, at 12. 4) — I don’t feel like reading now. Let’s go for a walk. — OK. Where shall we go? — To the park, I think. — That sounds good. I’d love to. 5) — I’m hungry. Let’s have a bite. — All right. Shall we buy a hamburger? 6) — I feel like going to a disco tonight. — That sounds like fun. Let’s go. 7) — I’d like to invite you to our concert. Please, can you come? — I’d be glad to come. Thank you. What time shall I come? — Come around 5 if you can. 8) — We are going to an art exhibition after classes. Would you like to join us? — I wish I could but I’m afraid I can’t. I’m really very busy. LET US LEARN Neither ... nor I like neither apples nor oranges. I’ve used neither water nor milk. He buys neither fruit nor vegetables. 107 She knows neither geography nor history. They speak neither English nor French. WeTl live neither in Kiev nor in Odessa. Buy neither sugar nor sweets. Neither Margaret nor John was there. Neither Nelly nor Kate drinks coffee. She plays neither football nor tennis. I 10 Disagree. Example: We need both sugar and sweets. We need neither sugar nor sweets. 1. We need both fruit and vegetables. 2. The group has explored both the land and the ocean. 3. I will go to both Canada and Australia. 4. She drinks both water and coffee after lunch. 5. Yesterday both Jack and Steve ate pancakes and sour cream. 6. Ann and Jill both are fond of honey. 11 These are the new words for you to learn. a) Try and read the new words: monkey — among five — hide gave — save sleep — deep night — high Fred — fresh b) Look up the words in bold type in your vocabulary. c) Read the sentences to know how to use the words. among [э'тло] (prep): among the flowers, among the trees. Is your native village among the mountains? Paris is among the largest cities in the world. I like to be among friends. There was a little house among the hills. Did he divide the cake among his friends? save [serv] (v): to save people, to save the country, to save children. 1) The firemen saved the woman from the burning house. Russian people fought to save their country. Who saved the child? 2) Save money in the bank. high [hai] (adj): a high building, a high hill, a high mountain. The Spasskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin is not very high. — How high is it? — It is more than 70 metres high, high [hai] (adv): to fly high, high in the sky, high in the mountains. The bird flew high in the sky. 108 hide [haid] (v): hide — hid — hidden, to hide coins, to hide money, to hide food, to hide collections. Quick! Hide yourself! Have you hidden all the pictures? Mary hides the money she saves in her wardrobe. Do you like to play hide-and-seek? deep [di;p] (adj): a deep river, a deep lake, a deep sleep. The river is 3 metres deep. The snow is 6 metres deep, deep (adv): deep in thought, deep in the snow, deep in the forest. The explorers went deep into the jungle [d3Apgl]. fresh [frej] (adj): fresh flowers, fresh air, fresh water, fresh meat, fresh bread. I always buy fresh vegetables. — Is there any fresh news? — No, there is not. 12 Read and compare: among 1. Nick has got many friends. He likes to be among them. 2. There are a lot of hills around the farm. The farm is among the hills. 3. I live among the mountains. (more than two) 4. Divide the sweets among the children. (more than two) between 1. Nick has got two friends. He is sitting on the sofa between them. 2. There are two hills near the farm. The farm is between them. 3. There is a table and two chairs in the room. The table is between the chairs. 4. Divide the sweets between the two children. В high 1. That is a high building 2. I see a high tower in front of us. tall 1. That is a tall building. 2. I see a tall tower in front of us. 109 3. There are many big, high trees near their country house. 4. 3. There are many big, tall trees near their country house. 4. My father is a tall man. 13 Name four things that can be: deep, high, fresh. 14 Johnny is a brave fireman. He has saved many people and animals from burning houses. Say whom he has saved. Example: Johnny has saved an old woman. 15 Look at the picture and say where the mice are. How many mice have you found? (There should be eight.) LET US LISTEIVI, READ 16 Listen to the poems you like best by heart ©)Z2) and read them. Then learn the one THE WIND (by Christina Georgina Rossetti) Who has seen the wind? Neither you nor I. But when the trees bow^ down their heads, The wind is passing by. Who has seen the wind? Neither I nor you. But when the leaves hang trembling,^ The wind is passing through. A NAUGHTY» PIG Mary Middling had a pig, Not very little and not very big. Not very pink, not very green. Not very dirty, not very clean. Not very good, not very naughty. Not very humble,not very haughty,® Not very thin, not very fat. Now what would you give for a pig like that? LET US READ AMD TALK ] 17 a) We are sure you like animals. Read the text and decide which title is the best for it. Dangerous Animals Animals in Danger Disappearing Birds ^ to bow [bau] — нагибать, склонять ^ but when the leaves hang trembling — когда колышутся листья ® naughty ['no:ti] — непослушный, капризный humble ['ЬлтЫ] — скромный, смиренный ® haughty ['ho:ti] — надменный, высокомерный 111 b) Say why some of the animals are in danger. People have lived on our planet for many years. They lived and live on different continents in different countries. People depend on their planet, on the sun, on animals and plants around them. Today let’s read and speak about some animals on our planet the Earth. (®)33. Many animals and birds on the Earth are disappearing. Many of them are in danger. Indian tigers and African elephants are among them. People have hunted and killed many tigers in India and a lot of elephants in Africa. Why? Tigers and elephants are often dangerous animals. Tigers can kill cows, sheep, other domestic animals and sometimes they can also kill men. Some people are afraid of tigers and kill them to save their domestic animals and their lives. But some people have often hunted tigers for fun and for their beautiful skin.* They can easily sell the skin and get a lot of money as the prices^ are high. The result is very sad. There are few Indian tigers left on the Earth now. Many of them are old, sick animals. Most tigers don’t hunt people nowadays, but hide from them in deep, dark forests. Or they rather hid there earlier, because there aren’t many forests for tigers nowadays. People have cut^ down many trees. And the question is: “Have those animals got a future?” We can ask the same question about African elephants. They are wonderful animals. They can help men. In the 19th century Africa was full of elephants. But these days there are not many of them except in African parks. This is the sad story of Indian tigers and African elephants. But many less dangerous wild animals and birds are also disappearing from the Earth. Modern life is bad for them. The air is not fresh. The water is not clean. They don’t often have good things to eat and space to live. You can find their names in the Red Book. You can find the names of some fish there too. ^ skin [skin] — зд. шкура ^ price [prais] — цена ® cut [kAt] (cut; cut) — резать, рубить; cut down — срубать 112 People must take special care of them all. We must save wild animals. We must find the right balance [bsebns] between land, people and animals. We must take care of nature. c) Listen to the text 33), and say why people have hunted and killed many tigers in India. 18 Answer the questions. 1. What does the life of the people on Earth depend on? 2. Why are some animals and birds disappearing nowadays? 3. Can elephants be useful? What can they do for man? 4. Are only Indian tigers and African elephants in danger nowadays? 5. Why are other animals also in danger? 6. Why can you find the names of some animals, birds and fish in the Red Book? 7. What must people do to save the wild animals? 19 Choose a partner and talk to him/her about the animals in danger. 20 Were any of your classmates absent from the lesson? Tell him/her in brief what the text is about. (See ex. 17.) 21 Tell your classmates about “the animals in danger” in this country. First make a plan of your story. 22 What could you do to help animals and birds? LET US LISTEIU AlUD TALK 23 a) Listen to the text “The Day I Came Face to Face with a Tiger” ((®)34) and choose the right answer to each question. 1. Where did Tony Russel live in Nepal? a) In the jungle b) In the mountains c) On an island in the lake 2. What do we know about Kamal Rai? a) He liked elephants. b) He was Tony’s best friend. c) He knew the jungle well. 113 3. What were the two friends looking for in the jungle? a) Some rare birds. b) Some rare animals. c) Some animals of the cat family. 4. What was the tiger doing when the friends saw it? a) It was eating. b) It was sleeping. c) It was hunting. b) What can the end of the story be like? LET US WRITE 24 Do ex. 6 in writing. 25 Do you know any stories (facts) about an animal or a bird in danger? Then write 5—6 sentences about it. 26 Complete the dialogues. 1) - .... — I’d love to. When should I come? 2) - .... — I wish I could but I’m afraid I can’t. I’m leaving for London tomorrow. 3) — We are having a party on Friday night. Can you come? 4) — I don’t feel like watching TV tonight. ... 5) — Can you come over for dinner on Wednesday? 6) - .... — OK. Where shall we meet? 27 Express the following in English. 1) Я не люблю ни хоккей, ни футбол. 2) Среди этих цветов нет ни жёлтых, ни голубых. 3) Они не смогли спасти ни животных, ни птиц. 4) Она не прятала ни значки, ни монеты. 5) В магазине не было ни свежего мяса, ни свежей рыбы. 6) Ни он, ни я не можем экономить деньги. 28 Make the right choice. 1. He never goes ... in the forest. a) fresh, b) deep, c) high, d) wide 2. There is always ... air in the forest, a) fresh, b) deep, c) high, d) tall 3. She is a ... girl. a) high, b) tall, c) fresh, d) long 4. They always bring ... flowers to the Monument of the Unknown Soldier. a) deep, b) fresh, c) long, d) high 5. There was a ... tower not far from the bridge, a) deep, b) long, c) fresh, d) high 29 Open the brackets to complete the sentences. 1. Paul (watch) TV when his mother (come) into the room. 2. Michael (drink) coffee while he (read) the newspaper. 3. Don (write) a letter at 5 o’clock yesterday. 4. Ken (use) to prepare breakfast early in the morning. 5. Don and Kim (talk) while they (play) chess. 6. Last Sunday Patty and her younger brother (drive) to the seaside for the weekend. 30 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. among, to save, high, to hide (hid, hidden), deep, fresh Home Reading Lesson 9, text “Prince Sparrow”, part II 115 LESSON 9 LET US REVIEW 1 Look at the pictures and say how deep (high) they are. 3 metres 20 metres 1200 metres ■■ metres 2 Arrange the words into two groups (verb, adjective). Separate, national, save, high, deep, use, hide, fresh, curious, explore, set, rise, continue, foreign. 3 Say where you’ve hidden the things. Example: I’ve hidden your pen under the book. 4 Work in pairs. Say what can be fresh, deep, high. Use these combinations of words in the sentences of your own. Example: Pjt Fresh air. Pgi The air is usually fresh after rain. 5 There was a big fire in Green Street. But the firemen have saved a lot of people and animals. Whom have they saved? Example: The firemen have saved an old man. 6 Name 6—7 cities which are among the largest cities in the world. Example: Delhi is among the largest cities in the world. 7 Look at the pictures. Choose a partner and make a short dialogue about each picture. Example: P^: What were (was) you (he/she) doing at ...? P^: I (we ...) was (were)__ 117 8 Complete the sentences to compare them. 1. Paul never (use) his brother’s car when they lived in the country. 2. The firemen (save) 5 children the other day. 3. Yesterday Nick (hide) his mother’s bag and nobody could find it. 1. When Paul was returning home he (use) his brother’s car. 2. The hotel was on fire and the firemen (save) the people who were in it. 3. Yesterday at 5 o’clock Nick was in the garden. He (hide) his mother’s bag. 4. While Nick’s uncle (explore) new lands, his wife was writing articles about his trips. 5. When we were on the bank of the river the sun (rise). 4. Nick’s uncle (explore) a small island in the Pacific Ocean when he was young. 5. He (rise) from the chair to say “Hello!”. 9 Accept the invitation. 1. Would you like to join us for a game of basketball? 2. Can you come for tea at 5 o’clock tomorrow? 3. I’d like to invite you to our school play. Will you come? 4. Let’s have dinner tonight. 5. I feel like going to the theatre tonight. 10 Refuse the invitation. 1. Would you like to join me for a cup of coffee? 2. We are having a conference in a week’s time. At 12 o’clock on Tuesday. Will you come? 3. I don’t feel like staying in. Let’s go for a walk. 4. Let me take you to our local museum. 5. I’d like to invite you to our school. We are having a quiz. Do you know? 11 We hope you remember the way people thank each other. If not, look at the list of examples below. Thank you. Thanks a lot for everything. Thank you so much. Thanks for your help. Thank you ever so much. That was kind of you. Thanks a lot. That was very kind of you. Thanks again. That was awfully^ kind of you. Thanks. That is just what I wanted. 118 ^ awfully ['o:fuU] — зд. очень When you receive thanks you usually answer: You’re welcome. Glad that I could help. It was my pleasure. Glad that I could do it. My pleasure. It was nothing. Anytime. I’m glad I could help. I was happy to do it. 12 Listen to the dialogues ((^35). Read and learn them by heart and then act them out. 1) — Oh, Mary. You’ve done so much for me. Thanks a lot for everything. — It was my pleasure. Bill. Glad that I could help. 2) — Thank you for your help. That was very kind of you. — My pleasure. It was nothing. 3) — Thank you, officer. Now I understand where to go and how to find the underground station. — Anytime, sir. 4) — Thanks again. It was awfully kind of you. — You’re welcome. 5) — Thanks a lot. That is just what I wanted. — You’re welcome. I was happy to buy it for you. 13 Look at the pictures and say what Nelly doesn’t like. Example: Nelly likes neither potatoes nor carrots. > 119 LET US LEARIU Passive Voice The passive voice is used when we don’t know who did something or it is not important who did it. is/are + Ved/V„ Present Indefinite Passive The table is made of wood. The book is sold everywhere. A lot of houses are built in the city every year. Rice is not grown in England. Meat is not usually eaten for breakfast in England. Those newspapers are not sold here. Are the best cameras made in Japan? Is English spoken all over the world? Is coffee grown in Russia? wh? Where is French spoken? When are the newspapers brought to you? What is usually eaten for lunch in your family? 14 Say what buildings are usually built in big cities. Example: Railway stations are usually built in big cities, theatres bridges houses cinemas schools hospitals shops banks airports 120 15 Say what languages are spoken in Russia, England, France, Germany, China, Australia, Canada and some other countries. Example: Russian is spoken in Russia. 16 Say what is usually bought when the weather is hot. Example: Cold drinks are bought when the weather is hot. 17 These are the new words for you to learn. a) Guess what these words mean: lily riili] emblem [’emblam] chrysanthemum [kri'saen0im9m] b) Look up the following words in your vocabulary: purple daffodil daisy smell honeysuckle poppy pleasant primrose snowdrop to climb blossom c) Read the sentences to know how to use the words. purple ['рз:р1] (adj): a purple flower, a purple blouse. Purple is my favourite colour. Red and blue together will make purple, smell [smel] (n): a sweet smell, a nice smell, a strong smell, the smell of the sea. I don’t like the smell of these flowers, to smell (v): smell — smelt (smelled) — smelt (smelled); I think I smell roses here. I don’t smell anything. It smells good. The flowers smelt fantastic! Did those flowers smell sweet? pleasant ['plezQnt] (adj): a pleasant afternoon, a pleasant voice, a flower with a pleasant smell, a pleasant smile. She is a pleasant woman. It’s quite pleasant today, though the wind is rather strong. The rose is a flower with a pleasant smell. He is not a pleasant man, is he? emblem ['embbm] (n): an emblem of peace, an emblem of independence. A country’s flag is an emblem of the nation. Is the national emblem of England a rose? climb [klaim] (v): 1. ‘To climb’ usually means to go up by using both the hands and the feet; to climb a tree. Monkeys climb well. 2. to climb a mountain (the stairs). The old lady climbs the stairs with difficulty. Do you think you can climb that tree? daffodil ['dsefadil] (n)^ daffodils: a field of daffodils. The daffodil is a plant that has long leaves and yellow or white flowers. 121 lily ['lili] (n), lilies: The lily has a large flower. She doesn’t like lilies. The water lily grows in the water. Do lilies smell nice? chrysanthemum [kri'sffinGimam] (“mum”) (n): The chrysanthemum is an autumn flower. Are you fond of autumn chrysanthemums? My granny doesn’t grow chrysanthemums in her garden, honeysuckle [Ълш,8лк1] (n)’. The honeysuckle is a climbing plant that has many small, sweet smelling flowers, daisy ['deizi] (n), daisies: The daisy is a very common small flower. The daisy is a flower with pink, white or yellow petals^ around a yellow centre. poppy ['popi] (n), poppies: The poppy is a plant with round, red or yellow flowers. Is the poppy your favourite flower? In spring I always go to the mountains where poppies grow, snowdrop [’snoodrop] (n), snowdrops: The snowdrop is an early spring flower. I think it is the first flower we can see at the end of winter, primrose ['primrsuz] (n), primroses: Have you ever seen primroses? Are primroses autumn or spring flowers? blossom ['blnsam] (n): ‘Blossom’ is the flowers of a tree, especially of a fruit tree. Apple blossoms, in blossom, to be in blossom. I like my garden when all the trees are in blossom. - read awd L.OOK. beniewibe» i N + The boy feels bad. The rose smells pleasant. feel/feels smell/smells taste/tastes sound/sounds + Adj The cake tastes sweet. The song sounds sad. * petal ['petl] — лепесток 18 Make up as many true sentences as you can. a) The old woman The red flowers The apples The little girl The purple flowers The meat The song The melody b) The apple trees The fruit trees smell feels tastes sound feel sounds smells taste pleasant. salty. lovely. fantastic. sad. sweet. nice. bad. are were in blossom in May. in spring, in April, in June. 19 Look at the pictures and: a) name the flowers; b) say which of them smell pleasant or don’t smell at all; c) which of them you like or dislike; d) name spring, summer and autumn flowers. 20 Say what can be purple. Example: A blouse can be purple. 123 LET US LISTEN, READ 21 Listen to the poem “Flowers” and read it ((^36). Then learn it by heart. FLOWERS I like flowers that are bright, I like flowers that are white. I like flowers with a nice smell, That blossom in gardens so well. LET US READ AND TALK 22 a) Read the title of the text and try to decide what it is about. b) Read the text and name the flowers for autumn months. What is interesting about them? TWELVE FLOWERS OF THE YEAR My granny likes nature very much. She has lived in a small village all her life. She knows a lot about different plants. My granny says that there is a special flower for each month of the year. She often tells me about these flowers and she also shows them to me as they are all in her garden collection. This is what she says. snowdrop daffodil © The snowdrop is the flower for January. It is as white as snow, and appears in forests and gardens when there is still snow there. The little plant is a native flower of Europe. February’s flower is the primrose. Primroses can be white, yellow, red, pink, rose, purple and orange. The flowers look like stars. The primrose is one of the earliest spring flowers. They grow wild in some countries in Europe, and North America, but you can find lots of them in China. The flower of the month of March is the daffodil. It appears very early in spring too. The flowers are usually yellow. The plant has long leaves and a sweet pleasant smell. It has been a favourite flower in many gardens. daisies hawthorn honeysuckle April’s flowers are daisies. You can see them everywhere in the fields, gardens and even roadsides. The flower for May is the hawthorn.^ It grows on a small tree and its blossoms are pink, white or red. The hawthorn also has small hard fruit which looks like a little apple. June’s flower is the honeysuckle. July’s flowers are water lilies. You can often see them on the waters of a quiet lake. Frogs like to use their large green leaves as platforms. Some water lilies are deep yellow in colour and some are white, pink, blue or even purple. The flower for August is the poppy. Poppies have bright red, orange, purple or yellow flowers. They look like cups. They often grow wild in the mountains and in the fields. ^ hawthorn [‘hD:0o;n] — боярышник water lily poppy morning glory The morning glory,^ September’s flower is a climbing plant with blue or purple flowers. Their green leaves look like small green hearts. The morning glory opens early in the morning, but when the hot sun appears in the sky it closes. The blossoms are like bells. The morning glory has a sweet smell and can grow wild. October’s flower is the hop.^ People use it to make beer.^ It is a climbing plant which often decorates country houses. The flower for November is the chrysanthemum. It is one of the oldest known flowers. It has been grown in Japan for nearly two chrysanthemum holly ‘ morning glory [,mo:nio ’gb:n] — вьюнок ^ hop [hop] — хмель ® beer [bia] — пиво thousand years and is the national flower and the emblem of that island country. This lovely flower can be white, yellow, red, purple or pink. Chrysanthemums appear from late August to December when most other flowers have stopped flowering ready for the winter. December’s plant is the holly.’ Its flowers have produced red berries for the Christmas season. The holly has prickly^ green leaves. It is an evergreen.^ 23 Work in pairs. Look at the pictures and read the names of the flowers for each month. Example: P г > . 2* May. Hawthorn. 24 What flowers are they? 1) the national flower of Japan; 2) the plant of the Christmas season; 3) the earliest spring flower; 4) the flower that you can see on the surface of a lake; 5) the flower that never closes when the sun is in the sky. 25 We are sure you like flowers. Choose any flower for any month you like and say everything you know about it. First make a plan of your story. 26 Think of any flower mentioned in the text and let your classmates guess it asking questions. Example: Is it a spring flower? What colour can it be? etc. 27 Do you think flowers are in danger nowadays? Try and prove it. LET US LISTEIU AMD TALK 37) and put the items of 28 a) Listen to the text “Two Trips” ((^ this plan in the right order. a) Mark has a trip in George’s plane. b) George’s new hobby is to fly a small plane. ‘ holly ['holi] — остролист ^ prickly ['prikli] — колючий ® evergreen ['evogriin] — вечнозелёное растение 127 c) George is a great lover of nature. d) Mark is George’s friend. e) Mark thanks George for his two trips in the air. b) Have you ever travelled by air? If you haven’t, would you like to do it? Why (not)? LET US WRITE 29 Do ex. 7 and 8 in writing. 30 Match the words. Write the sentences with these combinations of words. pleasant fresh purple deep river flower smell air 31 Write the synonyms to the words: nice, tall, small, big, hard, too, tell, blossom. 32 Write the following in English. 1) Кофе выращивают в Южной Америке. 2) Масло делают из молока. 3) Новые дома строят во всех больших городах. 4) Комнату убирают каждый день. 5) Яблоки и апельсины покупают в магазинах. 33 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. рыф1е, smell, pleasant, emblem, to climb, daffodil, lily, chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, daisy, poppy, snowdrop, primrose, blossom, to be In blossom Home Reading Lesson 10, text “WeVe Hit Land 99 LESSON 10 LET US REVIEW 1 Make up as many true sent 1 ■ ’ — 1 tences as you can. fruit trees are in blossom, birds come back, flowers smell sweet in the fields. It’s very pleasant to be in when the sun is high up in the the country sky. it doesn’t rain, it doesn’t snow, it is not windy. 2 Look at the pictures and say what things are purple. II ■ i 1 129 Look, read and compare. What a/an ...! What a pleasant face! What a deep lake! What an easy text! What an interesting film! What ...! What fresh air! What deep snow! What high hills! What dangerous snakes! 4 You like some things. Express your feelings using the example. Example: What fresh fruit! / What an expensive car! 5 Ask questions for more information. a) Rick went to Spain; b) Ann has been to Washington DC. 6 Give Nelly’s answers to Caroline’s questions and statements. Caroline: Hello, Nelly. What an interesting book I’ve just read. Nelly: ... Caroline: It is about flowers. Do you know that there is a special flower for each month? Nelly: No, .... Caroline: Oh. It’s the primrose. Do you know anything special about these flowers? Nelly: Yes, ... Caroline: And when were you born? I wonder what flower is for the month of your birthday ..... Nelly: ... Caroline: Oh, then it’s .. 7 Now pretend that one of you is Caroline and the other is Nelly. Act out the conversation. Don’t forget to change over. 8 Think of five more questions that Caroline (or Nelly) could ask. 9 Disagree and correct the statements. Example: Coffee is grown in Scotland. Coffee is not grown in Scotland, it is grown in Brazil. 1. Coca-cola is enjoyed only in China. 2. Cheese is made from water. 3. Meat is bought in museums. 4. Flowers are always grown in villages. 5. Zoos are never visited in winter. 6. Pictures are never stolen from museums. 'l№U 10 Make up true sentences using passive voice. Example: The rooms/clean/every day. The rooms are cleaned every day. or The rooms are not cleaned every day. 1. Stamps/sell/in post offices. 2. Churches/build/everywhere nowadays. 3. This thing/use/very often. 4. English/speak/in Africa. 5. Many languages/speak/in India. 6. Many American programmes/show/on Russian television nowadays. 11 Express your doubt. Example: Newspapers are brought in the morning. Are newspapers really brought in the morning? 1. A rose is known as the emblem of England. 2. Songs are sung in music classes. 3. Cars are sold in special shops. 4. Football is played all over the world. 5. Breakfast is cooked in the morning. 12 We are sure you know now how to invite people to lunch or dinner. But do you remember how to talk at table? Look at the list below. What would you like to have? Which vegetables are you going to have? What kind of salad would you like? What are you going to have for dessert?^ How would you like your eggs? How do you want your coffee? Please pass the salt. Could you pass the sugar, please? The usual answers to these are: I think ITl have potatoes. I’d like my coffee black. I think ITl have the same. Here you are. F I haven’t decided yet. Here it is. I’d like soft-boiled eggs.^ That sounds great! * for dessert [fs diz9:t] — на десерт ^ soft-boiled eggs — яйца всмятку 131 13 Listen to the dialogues then act them out. ®)38). Read, learn them by heart and 1) — How do you like your coffee? Would you like it black or white? — White coffee, please. — How many lumps^ of sugar? — No sugar, thank you. 2) — What would you like for breakfast? Would you like eggs? — Certainly. I like eggs very much. — How would you like them soft-boiled or hard-boiled?^ — Soft-boiled, please. 3) — Could you pass the butter, please? — Yes, here you are. What about cheese? — No cheese, thank you. 4) — What are you going to have for dessert? — Ice cream, please. — Chocolate ['t/nklit] or vanilla [vo'nils]? — Vanilla ice cream for me, please. — Here you are. — Thank you. 5) — What would you like for dinner tonight? — I haven’t decided yet. What would you like? — Tomato soup, turkey or chicken. — That sounds great. I think I’ll have the same. 14 These are the new words for you to learn. a) Guess the meaning of the words: climate [‘klaimit], protect [pro'tekt] b) Look up the following words in your vocabulary: mild factory breathe possible impossible harm c) Read the sentences to know how to use the words. mild [maild] (adj): mild — milder — (the) mildest, mild weather, a mild answer, mild cheese. A mild winter is not very cold and snowy. Mild cheese does not have a strong taste. He has too mild nature to get angry. climate [‘klaimit] (n): & dry climate, a mild climate. The doctor told ‘ a lump [L\mp] — кусочек (сахара) ^ hard-boiled eggs — яйца вкрутую ^4 him to spend the winter in South Africa or some other warm climate. possible ['pDsibl] (adj): a possible answer, a possible question, a possible place, a possible time. It is possible to do it today. It is not possible to be in two places at the same time. Come as soon as possible. impossible [im'pDsibl] (adj): an impossible person, an impossible visit, an impossible story. It is impossible for me to get there by ten o’clock. factory [Taektsri] (n): a. factory — factories, a small factory, a chocolate factory. People make sweets in factories. My mother works at a factory. breathe [bri:d] (v): to breathe — breathed, to breathe hard, to breathe through the mouth, to breathe deeply. Breathe in! Breathe out! We breathe air. He was breathing hard when he finished his run. protect [pra'tekt] (v): to protect — protected, to protect children. We wear coats to protect us from the cold. People must protect nature. harm [harm] (n): a. lot of harm, to do harm. He did me no harm. There is no harm in his words. It won’t do you any harm to spend more time outdoors. 15 Say what or who(m) people must protect. The words below can help you. Indian tigers, African elephants, animals. Lake Baikal, nature, little children, dolphins ['dolfinz], plants, fish, water 16 Say what is possible (impossible) for you and your friends to do this week. Example: It is possible to finish reading the book today. It is impossible for you to go to the cinema on Monday. You haven’t prepared your talk yet. 17 Say in what countries and on what continents the climate is (is not) mild. Note. The climate is mild if winters are not cold and there is little snow. 18 Ask your classmates not to do certain things. Explain why. Example: Don’t read when it is dark. It will do you a lot of harm. 133 Past Indefinite Passive was/were + Ved/V„ The room was cleaned yesterday. The houses were built 500 years ago. America was discovered in 1492. The room was not cleaned last night. The Houses of Parliament were not built in the 20th century. This radio-set was not bought in 1948, it was bought later. 7 Was the book sold last week? Were the churches built last century? wh? When were the oranges bought? Where were the cartoons shown? What was sent to your granny, a letter or a telegram? 19 Look at the pictures and say when all these things were done. Example: The letter was written at 10 o’clock in the morning. YESTERDAY к «K'i- JL ИМ 134 LET US LISTEN, READ AND LEARN 20 a) Read the title of the song and try to decide what it is about, b) Listen to the song “Don’t Kill the World” ((®)39). DON’T KILL THE WORLD Don’t kill the world! Don’t let the Earth down! Do not destroy^ the ground! Don’t kill the world! Don’t kill the world! Don’t let the Earth die! Help her to survive!^ Don’t kill the world! LET US READ AND TALK 21 Try and guess what the words mean: temperature ['temprstfo], activity [ak'trviti], drinkable ['dnpkabl] (drink + able), freshwater [Tre/woits] (fresh + water), problem ['ргоЫэт] 22 a) Read the text and say why the Earth is in danger. b) Complete the sentences after the text choosing the best variant. THE EARTH IS IN DANGER April 22 is Earth Day. People all over the world think about our planet. They think about air, water, plants and animals on the Earth. They say our planet is in danger. Many people do not know how to protect wild animals and plants, how to keep water clean and the air fresh. But they are ready to do it. They try and help nature. Water is very important for life on Earth. It is in our oceans, seas, rivers and lakes. There is a lot of water on our planet and at the same time there is little water on it. This is because very little water on Earth is good for drinking. In many rivers and lakes the water is very dirty. Sometimes people cannot swim even in the sea * destroy [di'stroi] — разрушать ^ survive [saVarv] — выживать 135 because the sea and the seaside are not clean. In many places the water is not drinkable and it is dangerous to use it when you cook. Even fish die in such water. For example Lake Baikal is the deepest freshwater lake on Earth. It is 1741 metres deep. The lake is very beautiful but now it is in great danger, because of the factories which are near it. In some places the water in the lake is so dirty that it kills the animals and plants in Baikal and around it. The way people live has changed the climate on our planet. Nowadays the temperature is rising. You do not have real Russian winter in Moscow any more. In the north of Europe the climate has become milder and warmer too. If the temperature grows by 3—4 degrees^ it will become more difficult to live on the planet. Some people’s activities do a lot of harm to the forests. People cut down trees to build farms, homes and roads. Many animals and plants lose their homes. This is bad for the Earth’s air too. Modern plants^ and factories send a lot of smoke into the atmosphere. This is also very bad, because nowadays it’s difficult to breathe in big cities. So, the problem now is to protect life on Earth, and to save our planet for the future. 1. Now people understand that____ a) Earth has a lot of problems b) all the water on our planet is not drinkable c) people can’t live in big cities 2. People all over the world ... how to protect our planet. a) know b) are sure c) think a lot about ^ degree [di'gri:] — градус ^ plant [plaint] — завод 136 23 ‘True’ or ‘False’. 1. April 22 is Earth Day. 2. People all over the world don’t think about our planet. 3. People know how to protect wild animals and plants. 4. People don’t want to help nature. 5. Water is not important for life on Earth. 6. There is a lot of good clean water on our planet. 7. Lake Baikal is not in danger now. 8. Life on Earth depends on the temperature. 9. Some people do a lot of harm to the forests. 10. People must protect life on Earth. 24 Divide the text into parts and give a name to each of them. 25 Choose a partner and talk to him/her about the text “The Earth Is in Danger”. 26 Were any of your classmates absent from the lesson? Tell him/her in brief what the text is about. (See ex. 22.) LET US LISTEN AND TALK ] 27 a) Listen to the text “Bobby’s Answer” ((©)40) and complete these sentences choosing the best variant. 1. Bobby’s grandfather didn’t give him the present on Tuesday because ... a) he couldn’t find the time. b) he couldn’t remember Bobby’s birthday. c) he couldn’t find the right present. 2. Grandfather wanted to know ... a) what present Bobby would like to get. b) how old Bobby would be next year. c) what profession Bobby would like to choose. b) Do you like getting and giving presents? Which of the two do you like more? What present do you like to get and to give? LET US WRITE 28 Do ex. 10, ex. 19 in writing. 137 29 Write 10 questions on the text (ex. 22). 30 Express the following in English. 1) Эти дома были построены в прошлом году. 2) В нашей стране строят много новых домов. 3) Масло было куплено вчера. 4) Масло покупают в этом магазине. 5) Сыр делают из молока. 6) Этот суп был сварен (сделан) вчера вечером. 31 Learn to write these words. Write the words to the teacher’s dictation. See how many you’ve written correctly. mild, climate, possible, impossible, factory, to breathe (breathed), to protect (protected), harm, to do a lot of harm Home Reading Lesson 11, text “The Bald Eagle” 138 LESSON 11 Review 1 LET US TALK 1 Make up as many true sentences as you can. The orange The flowers The birds The blossoms The river The birds’ songs The boys The man The apple The music smell/smells taste/tastes feel/feels sound/sounds nice. pleasant. bad. fresh. well. sweet. wonderful. 2 Describe the village you have been to in summer, spring, autumn or winter. Don’t forget to use the following words: village, breathe, air, fresh, pleasant, to do a lot of good, smell, to be in blossom, purple, climate, mild, high, deep, hide, separate, to be situated 3 Peter has broken^ his leg. Say what is possible (impossible) for him to do. The words can help you. Example: It’s impossible for him to run. read, dance, sing, play chess, play the piano, play football, swim, listen to the radio ^ break [breik] (broke; broken) — ломать 139 4 а) Look at the picture and say what the people were doing when the spaceship landed. Example: When the spaceship landed, two boys were swimming in the river. b) Ask your classmates about what they were doing yesterday in the morning / in the evening. 140 5 Say how people can protect plants, animals and birds when they are in danger. 6 What do you know about Lake Baikal? Why is its water dangerous for fish and even people now? 7 Work in pairs. Read the questions. Answer them. 1. When was Moscow founded? 2. When was America discovered? 3. What are tables usually made of? 4. Where is coffee grown? 5. Where are books sold? 6. What is usually cooked for breakfast in your family (in England)? 8 People often do a lot of harm to nature. Can you tell your classmates some facts about it? What must people do to save plants, birds and animals? LET US READ 9 Choose and read the words on the topic “The Earth Is in Danger”. Theatre, book, school, lamp, bell, breathe, protect, save, kill, to do a lot of harm, kitchen, factory, cinema, climate, in blossom, temperature, car, smell. 10 a) Have you ever read any old tales? This is one of them. Which of the titles do you think is the best for it. • A Cruel Emperor • A Grateful Slave’ • A True Friend b) Read the story and say why the hungry lion didn’t eat Androcles [‘aendraukli.'z]. Androcles was a slave. He ran through the forest. He wanted to hide among high trees. He wanted to run far from the village where he lived and was a slave. He thought his life was very hard, in fact it was impossible. Androcles wanted to save his life in the forest. Suddenly he saw a big lion. Nobody else was seen near him. Andro- * slave [slew] — раб 141 cles became afraid but understood that the lion couldn’t do him any harm. The lion was breathing hard. He wanted to show Androcles that something was wrong with his paw.^ The lion couldn’t speak the language of people but he wanted to say: “Save me! Protect me! Help me!” Androcles looked at the lion’s paw and discovered a large thorn^ in it. It was hidden deep in the paw. Androcles took it away. The lion was happy. They became friends and the lion brought him food every day. But one day the Emperor’s® people caught both Androcles and his friend the lion. They brought them to Rome and separated them. They didn’t give any food to the lion. He became very hungry and then they gave him Androcles to eat. But the lion was his real friend. He didn’t kill Androcles. He was happy to see his friend. The Emperor couldn’t understand it. Androcles was brought to him and he told the Emperor his story. The Emperor gave food to the lion and let them both go away. 11 Find and read the sentences which describe the pictures. 12 Ask questions on the text for your classmates to answer. * paw [po:] — лапа ^ thorn [0э:п] — колючка, шип ® emperor [‘етрэгэ] — император 142 13 Were any of your classmates absent from the lesson? Tell him/her in brief what the text is about. (See ex. 10.) 14 How do you understand the main idea of the text? LET US WRITE 15 Write not less than 10 questions on the text. 16 Do you know any tale? Write it down in a few sentences. Ask your parents to help you with some ideas. 143 PROJECT WORK Make a 3—5 minute presentation on one of the following topics. Use slides, pictures, music and animation. If necessary, ask your parents or your friends to help you. You may use some reference books and Internet resources, for example: www.Wikipedia, org, www.britannica.com,www.encyclopedia.ru. Decide whose presentation was the best and why. Project Work 1: The World Around Us (Units 6—11) • A country I’d like to visit • An interesting place to visit • A place in Russia that I love • Lake Baikal • Russian animals in danger • African animals in danger • An unusual animal • A plant that I grow myself 144 ElUGLISH-RUSSIAni VOCABULARY adj — adjective — прилагательное adv — adverb — наречие conj — conjunction — союз interj — interjection — междометие n — noun — существительное prep — preposition — предлог pron — pronoun — местоимение V — verb — глагол a (an) [э] [эп] артикль abbey ['aebi] аббатство about [э'ЬаШ] prep о, об, насчёт above [э'Ьлу] prep над above zero выше нуля academician [э,кзебэ'т1)’п] академик accept [ak'sept] принимать to accept the invitation принимать приглашение according [o'koidiij] prep согласно, соответственно accountant [a'kauntont] бухгалтер across [a'kros] adv через; prep через act out ['askt 'aut] разыграть no ролям action ['aekjn] действие activity [ok'tiviti] деятельность, активность actor ['«kto] актёр add [3cd] добавлять, прибавлять address [o'dres] адрес admiral ['asdmaral] адмирал advice [odVais] совет to ask for advice просить совета to follow the advice следовать совету to take advice воспользоваться советом It is good advice. Это хороший совет, advise [adVaiz] советовать afraid [o'freid] испуганный to be afraid of smb/smth бояться кого-то j чего-то Africa ['aefrika] Африка African ['gefrikan] африканский after ['a;fts] prep после; adv потом afternoon [,а;Лэ'пи:п] полдень in the afternoon днём, в полуденное время again [э'деп] adv снова against [a'gemst] prep против to be against smth быть против чего-то age [eicfe] возраст at the age of в возрасте agree [a'gri:] соглашаться air [еэ] воздух airport ['еэрэ:1] аэропорт Alaska [a’lasska] Аляска alien ['eilian] чужестранец, иноземец all [э:1] pron весь, все all day long целый день alone [эЪип] adj один along [э'1г>о] adv вдоль aloud [a'laud] adv вслух alphabet [’aelfabit] алфавит already [od'redi] adv уже also ['o:ls3u] adv также, тоже always ['d:1w3z] adv всегда America [э'тепкэ] Америка Central America Центральная Америка North America Северная Америка South America Южная Америка American [э'тспкэп] американский among [э'тлд] prep среди 145 amount [a'mamit] количество ancient ['einjant] древний and [send], [and] conj и, a animal [senimal] животное announcer [a'naunsa] диктор another [a'luda] другой answer [‘a:nsa] n ответ; и отвечать Antarctic [,aen'to:ktik] Антарктика antonym ['aentanim] антоним any ['em] pron какой-нибудь anybody ['eni,bt)di] pron кто-нибудь anything [‘eniOip] pron что-нибудь apartment [a'pn:tmant] квартира (амер.) apologize [a'pnlaclsaiz] извиняться apology [a'pnlac[5i] извинение appear [a'pia] появляться appetite [’sepitait] аппетит applaud [a'plo:d] аплодировать applause [a'pb:z] аплодисменты apple ['aepl] яблоко April ['eipral] апрель architect [’a;kjtekt] архитектор the Arctic Ocean ['a;ktik 'aofn] Северный Ледовитый океан aristocrat ['airistakraet] аристократ arm [a:m] рука (от ладони до плеча) armchair ['aimtjes] кресло army ['а: mi] армия to be in the army служить в армии to go into the army пойти в армию to join the army пойти в армию around [a'raund] adv вокруг arrange [o'remcjj] располагать arrival [g'rarvl] прибытие arrive at/in [a'raiv] прибывать в art(s) [o;t(s)] искусство as [aez], [az] pron потому что; в то время как Asia ['ei/э] Азия ask [ask] спрашивать, просить, приглашать to ask for smth просить что-то at [set] prep у, около at first сначала attack [a'tsek] атаковать, нападать attentively [a'tentivli] внимательно audience ['ordians] аудитория, зрители August ['o:g9st] август aunt [ant] тетя Australia [n'streilio] Австралия automobile ['atamabi:!] автомобиль autumn [’atom] осень baby ['beibi] ребёнок до одного года, младенец back [back] п задняя часть чего-то to be at the back of smth в глубине, располагаться в задней части to be in the back сзади back adv назад to come back возвращаться backache [’bsekeik] боль в спине, боль в пояснице bacon ['beikan] бекон bad [baed] (worse; the worst) плохой (хуже; самый плохой) badge [baec[5] значок badminton ['baedmintan] бадминтон bag [baeg] сумка, портфель baker ['beiko] булочник at the baker’s в булочной balance ['baelans] баланс, пропорция balcony [’baslkom] балкон ball [bo:l] мяч ballet ['baelei] балет the Baltic Sea ['bodtik 'si:] Балтийское море bank [baer)k] берег (реки, озера) bar [ba] кусок, брусок a bar of chocolate плитка шоколада, шоколадный батончик barber ['ЬаЬэ] парикмахер (мужской) at the barber’s в парикмахерской baseball ['beisbo:!] бейсбол basic ['beisik] основной, главный basic course основной курс basketball ['baskitbo;!] баскетбол bathroom ['ЬаЭгит] ванная battery ['baetori] батарея, аккумулятор battle ['baetl] битва, сражение be [bi;] (was/were; been) быть, находиться to be able to быть в состоянии (делать что-то ) to be going to собираться to be lost потеряться to be on at the cinema идти в кинотеатре (о фильме) What’s on at the “Udarnik”? Что идёт в «Ударнике»? What’s on TV? Что по телевизору? I have been to London. Я бывал в Лондоне. to be on быть включённым to be off быть выключенным bear [Ьеэ] медведь beauty ['bjuiti] n 1) красота 2) красавица because [bi'koz] conj потому что become [Ьг'клт] (became; become) становиться bed [bed] кровать to go to bed ложиться спать bedroom ['bedrom] спальня beef [bi:f] говядина beer [bia] пиво before [bi'fo:] prep до, перед; adv раньше begin [bi'gin] (began; begun) начинать beginning [bi'giniQ] начало behind [bi'haind] за, сзади believe [bi'li:v] 1) верить 2) полагать I can’t believe my eyes! He могу поверить своим глазам! bell [bel] колокол, звонок belong to smb/smth [bi'lng] принадлежать кому-то/чему-то below [bi'bu] adv внизу, ниже Berlin [Ьзг'Ьп] Берлин besides [bi'saidz] adv кроме того best [best] самый лучший better ['beta] лучше, лучший Better late than never. Лучше поздно, чем никогда. But better never be late! Ho лучше не опаздывать! between [bi'twi:n] adv между Bible [’baibl] Библия big [big] большой biography [bai'ografi] биография birch [ЬзйЯ берёза bird [b3:d] птица birth [Ьз:0] рождение date of birth дата рождения place of birth место рождения birthday ['b3:0dei] день рождения Happy birthday to ...! C днём рождения ...! bit (a bit) [bit] немного, чуть-чуть bitter [’bita] adj 1) горький 2) резкий, сильный, ожесточённый bitter adv очень, ужасно It’s bitter cold! Ужасно холодно! black-and-white film чёрно-белый фильм blackboard ['blaskboid] школьная доска block [blok] квартал to walk two blocks пройти два квартала blossom ['blosam] цвет, цветок to be in blossom быть в цвету blouse [blauz] блуза blow [bbu] (blew; blown) дуть blue [blu:] голубой, синий board [bo:d] борт on board the ship на борту корабля boaster [baosta] хвастун boat [baut] лодка, корабль to go boating кататься на лодке body ['bodi] тело bonfire ['bnnfaia] большой костёр book [buk] n книга; v бронировать, заказывать заранее bookcase ['bukkeis] книжный шкаф boot [bud] ботинок boring ['bo:ng] скучный born [Ьэ:п] рождённый to be born родиться boss [bos] босс, начальник both [bau0] pron оба bottle ['boti] бутылка box [boks] коробка, ящик boy [boi] мальчик bracket ['braekit] скобка given in brackets данные в скобках branch [braintj] ветка, ветвь brave [breiv] храбрый bravery ['brervari] храбрость bread [bred] хлеб break [breik] (broke; broken) ломать, разбивать to break a law нарушить закон breakfast ['brekfast] завтрак to have for breakfast на завтрак 147 breathe [bri:6] дышать breeze [bri:z] лёгкий ветерок, бриз bridge [Ьпф] мост bright [brait] яркий bring [brip] (brought; brought) приносить bronze [bronz] бронзовый brother [Ъглдэ] брат brown [braun] коричневый brush up [Ъгл/ ’лр] освежать в памяти build [btid] (built; built) строить builder ['bildo] строитель building ['bildip] здание burglar [Ъз:д1э] вор, грабитель burn [Ьз:п] (burnt; burnt) гореть bus [Ьлз] автобус by bus автобусом number 7 bus автобус номер 7 bus stop автобусная остановка at the bus stop на остановке автобуса business ['biznis] дело, занятие busy ['bizi] adj 1) занятой 2) оживлённый but [bAt] conj HO butcher ['botfa] мясник at the butcher’s в мясном магазине (отделе) butter [Ъл1э] масло buy [bai] (bought; bought) покупать by [bai] prep y, около by heart наизусть by the way между прочим bye/bye-bye [bai/'bai'bai] пока California [,k3eli'fa:ni3] Калифорния call [ko:l] и 1) звать 2) звонить calm [ka:m] успокаивать Calm down! [‘karm'daun] Успокойся! can [kaen] консервная банка a can of coca-cola банка кока-колы can [кэеп] (could) мочь Could I have ...? He мог бы я ...? Canada ['каепэбэ] Канада canal [ko'nsel] канал Canberra ['каепЬэгэ] Канберра candy ['ktendi] конфета (амер.) cap [каер] кепка, шапка capital ['ksepitl] столица Capitol ['kaepitl] Капитолий car [ка] машина by car машиной care [кеэ] забота to take care of smb/smth заботиться о ком-л./чём-л. careful ['keaful] осторожный carefully ['keaibli] осторожно careless ['kealis] беспечный, неосторожный carelessly ['kealisli] неосторожно carpet ['ka:pit] ковёр carrot (carrots) ['kaerat] морковь carry ['kasri] носить to carry mail перевозить почту cartoon [ka:'tu:n] мультфильм the Caspian Sea ['ksespian 'si:] Каспийское море castle ['ka:sl] замок catch [kaetj] (caught; caught) поймать, схватить to catch a plane (train, bus) успеть на самолёт (поезд, автобус) category ['kaetigan] категория caviar ['kaevm:] икра celebrate ['selibreit] праздновать celebration [,seli'brei/n] празднование cent [sent] цент central ['sentral] центральный central heating центральное отопление centre ['sento] центр century ['sentjan] век ceremony ['serimani] церемония certain ['s3:tn] определённый, некоторый certainly ['s3:tnli] adv конечно champion ['tfaempian] чемпион change [tjemdj] n сдача; v 1) менять 2) делать пересадку Where do we change? Где мы пересаживаемся? Change over. Поменяйтесь ролями, character ['kaerikta] герой (книги, фильма ) cheap [tfi:p] дешёвый check (up) [t/ek (лр)] проверять check in регистрировать 148 check-in регистрация chemist ['kemist] аптекарь at the chemist’s в аптеке chest [tjest] грудная клетка Chicago [ti'ka;g3u] Чикаго chicken (chick) ['t/ikjn] цыплёнок child [tjaild] ребёнок children ['tjildran] дети chimney ['tjimm] труба China ['tjaina] Китай choice [tfois] выбор choose [tfu;z] (chose; chosen) выбирать Christian ['knstian] христианин Christmas ['krismas] Рождество chronicle ['kronikl] летопись chrysanthemum [kn'saenOimam] хризантема church [tfartj] церковь cinema ['smama] n 1) кино 2) кинотеатр cinema-goer ['sinama,gaua] любитель кино What’s on at ...? Что идёт в ...? circle ['s3:kl] обводить кругом circus ['s3:kas] n цирк; adj цирковой city ['siti] большой город class [kla:s] класс after classes после занятий before classes до занятий in class в классе business class первый класс (о билете на самолёт) tourist class второй класс (о билете на самолёт) classical ['klaesikl] классический classroom ['kla;smm] классная комната, класс clean [kli;n] adj чистый; v чистить, убирать cleaning day день уборки clever ['kleva] умный climate ['klaimit] климат climb [klaim] залезать, взбираться close [klauz] закрывать clothes [klaudz] одежда cloud [klaud] облако clown [klaon] клоун club [kUb] клуб coat [kout] пальто, пиджак, куртка coffee ['knfi] кофе coin [кэш] монета gold coin золотая монета cold [kauld] холодный collect [ks'lekl] собирать, коллекционировать collection [ka'lekjn] коллекция collector [ka'lekta] коллекционер colonist ['kobnist] колонист, житель колонии colony ['kubni] колония colour ['кл1э] цвет colour film цветной фильм coloured ['кл1эй] раскрашенный colourful ['кл1эГи1] красочный, яркий column ['knbm] колонка combination [,kDmbi'neiJn] сочетание, комбинация word combination словосочетание come [клт] (came; come) приходить Come and see me some day. Заходи ко мне как-нибудь, to come back возвращаться to come from 1) быть родом 2) приходить из/с to come home приходить домой comedy ['knmidi] комедия comfortable ['клтГэ1эЬ1] удобный common ['квтэп] обычный commonly [‘komanli] обычно least commonly used реже всего используемое most commonly used наиболее часто используемое compare [кэт'реэ] сравнивать, сравнить compete [kam’piit] соревноваться competition [.кшир!'!!/!!] соревнование complete [kom'plid] заканчивать compliment ['knmplimant] комплимент to pay a compliment делать комплимент compose [kam'pauz] сочинять, составлять compound [kani'paund] сложное слово computer [kam'pjurto] компьютер concert ['knnsat] концерт conductor [kan'dAkta] n 1) дирижёр 2) кондуктор confectionery [kan'fekjnari] кондитерская 149 conference ['knnfrans] конференция conservative [kon'ssrvotiv] консервативный consist (of) [kan'sist] состоять (из) consult [kan'sAlt] консультировать continent ['kontmant] континент continental [,knnti'nentl] относящийся к материку continue [kan'tinju:] продолжать conveniences [kan'viiniansiz] удобства modern conveniences современные удобства convenient [kon'vknjant] удобный conversation [.knnva'seijn] беседа cook [kuk] готовить cooker ['кикэ] плита cooking day день приготовления пищи copy out ['knpi 'aut] списывать, переписывать corner ['кэ:пэ] угол in the corner в углу correct [ka'rekt] правильный correctly [ka'reklli] правильно corresponding [,kDri'spnndip] соответствующий cost [kost] (cost; cost) стоить How much does it cost? Сколько это стоит? costume ['kustju:m] костюм (маскарадный ) cottage ['knti(fe] коттедж cottage cheese ['knticfe творог cough [knf] n кашель; v кашлять count [kaunt] считать countable ['kanntabl] исчисляемый country ['клшп] «1) страна 2) сельская местность in the country за городом cover ['клуэ] n обложка, покрытие; v покрывать cowboy ['kaoboi] ковбой cream [kri;m] сливки create [krit'eit] создавать criminal ['kriminl] a преступник; adj преступный critic ['kritik] критик criticize ['kntisaiz] критиковать crocodile ['krokadail] крокодил crossword ['krosw3:d] кроссворд cry [krai] о 1) плакать 2) кричать to cry for help звать на помощь Cuba ['kjurba] Куба culture ['клИ/э] культура cup [клр] чашка cupboard ['клЬэб] буфет, кухонный шкаф, полка curious ['kjusnasj любопытный curtain ['кзйп] занавес curtsy ['k3:tsi] делать реверанс custom ['кл51эш] обычай So many countries so many customs. Сколько стран, столько и обычаев, customs ['kAStamz] таможня at the customs на таможне customs officer ['kAStomz pfisa] таможенник cut [кл1] (cut; cut) резать; срубать daffodil ['daefsdil] нарцисс dairy ['dean] молочный dairymaid ['dearimeid] доярка, молочница dairy products молочные продукты daisy ['deizi] маргаритка danger ['deincfea] опасность in danger в опасности out of danger вне опасности dangerous ['demcfearas] опасный dark [da;k] тёмный It is getting dark. Темнеет, daughter ['do:ta] дочь day [del] день the day before yesterday позавчера day off выходной день the other day на днях dead [ded] мёртвый dear [dia] дорогой Oh, dear! O, Боже! December [di'sembs] декабрь decide [di'said] решать decorate ['dekareit] украшать 150 decoration [,deka'reijn] украшение decorator ['dekareita] декоратор deep [di:p] глубокий definite ['defmit] определённый definitely ['dcfinitli] определённо delay [di'lei] n задержка; и задерживаться), опаздывать Delhi ['dell] Дели democratic [.demo'kraetik] демократический denote [di'naut] обозначать dentist [‘dentist] зубной врач department [di'partmant] отдел department store [di'patmant sto:] универмаг departure [di'pa:tj3] отправление depend [di'pend] зависеть to depend on smb/smth зависеть от кого-то/чего-то It depends! Судя по обстоятельствам, describe [di'skraib] описывать desk [desk] парта at the desk за партой dessert [di'zait] десерт for dessert на десерт detailed ['dkteild] детальный detective film [di'tektiv 'film] детектив develop [di'vebp] развивать devoted to smb [di'vautid] преданный кому-то dialogue ['daialng] диалог diary ['daiari] дневник dictionary ['dikjanri] словарь die [dai] умирать diet ['daiat] диета to be on a diet быть на диете to keep to a diet придерживаться диеты differ ['difa] отличаться difference ['difrans] отличие different ['difrant] различный difficult ['difiklt] трудный dime [daim] монета в 10 центов dining room ['dainir) mm] столовая (в доме) dinner ['dina] обед, ужин to have for dinner на обед dirty ['d3:ti] грязный disagree [,disa'gri:] не соглашаться disappear [.disa'pia] исчезать discover [dis'kAva] открывать discoverer [dis'lowara] первооткрыватель discovery [dis'kAvan] открытие discuss [di'skAs] обсуждать dislike [dis'laik] не любить divide [di'vaid] делить do [du:] (did; done) делать doctor ['dnkta] врач documentary (film) [idnkju'menian] документальный (фильм) dollar ['dnla] доллар dolphin ['dolfin] дельфин door [da:] дверь doubt [daut] сомнение down [daon] adv вниз downstairs [|daun'steaz] adv внизу, вниз drama ['dra:ma] драма draw I [dra:] (drew; drawn) v рисовать draw II n игра вничью to end in a draw заканчиваться вни- чью dress [dres] n платье; v одеваться drink [dnr)k] (drank; drunk) пить driver ['drarva] водитель dull [dAl] скучный, пасмурный duty ['dju:ti] долг, обязанность each [i:t[] pron каждый each other друг друга ear [la] yxo earache ['lareik] боль в ухе earth [з:0] земля east [i:st] восток easy ['i:zi] лёгкий eat [i:t] (ate; eaten) есть education [,edjij'keijn] образование egg [eg] яйцо Egypt ['i:cfeipt] Египет elbow ['elbau] локоть elect [I'lekt] избирать, выбирать electricity [i.lek'lnsiti] электричество elephant ['elifant] слон L 151 I 1 else [els] adv ещё what else что ещё where else где/куда ещё who else кто ещё emblem ['embbm] эмблема emperor ['етрэгэ] император empire ['empaia] империя empty ['empti] пустой encourage [т'клпс})] 1) поощрять 2) вдохновлять end [end] n конец; v заканчивать(ся) at the end в конце up to the end до конца enemy ['enimi] враг engineer [,encl5i'ni3] инженер enjoy [ui'd3Di] получать удовольствие enumerate [I'njuimoreit] пронумеровать equivalent [I'kwivabnl] n эквивалент; adj равный especially [I'spejli] особенно Europe [']иэгэр] Европа European [juara'piran] европейский even [‘i:vn] adv даже evening ['ivnip] вечер in the evening вечером on Monday evening в понедельник вечером ever ['eva] adv когда-нибудь express [ik'spres] выражать extra ['ekstra] дополнительный face [feis] n лицо; v повернуться лицом fact [fsekl] факт factory [Taektan] фабрика fairy tale [Теэп teil] сказка fall [foil] (fell; fallen) падать false [fo:ls] неверный family [Taemili] семья famous for smth [Teimas] известный чем-то fantastic [fsn'taestik] потрясающий far [fa;] далёкий far from далеко от the Far East Дальний Восток fare [fea] плата за проезд farm [fa:m] n ферма; v обрабатывать землю fast [foist] adj быстрый; adv быстро fat [fet] толстый, жирный father [Та:дэ] отец favourite ['feivant] любимый feature (film) [Tiitja] художественный (фильм) February ['februan] февраль feel [fi:l] (felt; felt) чувствовать \ everybody ['evn,bndi] pron каждый everything ['evriGip] pron всё to feel bad чувствовать себя плохо to feel like doing smth иметь жела- 1 examine [ig'zsemin] n экзамен; v 1) экза- ние что-то сделать 1 меновать 2) осматривать festival ['festival] фестиваль t excellent ['eksabnt] отличный few [fju:] adj несколько, мало , excite [ik'sait] волновать a few [fju:] несколько ! 1 excuse [ik'skjuiz] извинять Excuse me ... Извините exercise ['eksasaiz] упражнение to do exercises делать упражнения fewer ['fju:a] меньше fiction ['fikj(a)n] художественная литера тура field [fi:ld] n 1) поле 2) отрасль exercise book ['eksasaiz buk] тетрадь exhibition [,eksi'bijn] выставка exist [ig'zist] существовать expensive [ik'spensiv] дорогой, стоящий дорого explain to (smb) [ik'splein] объяснять ( кому-то ) exploration [,ekspb'reijn] исследование explore [ik'spb;] исследовать explorer [ik'spbira] исследователь / fight [fait] n 1) драка 2) сражение; V драться, сражаться to have a fight сражаться to fight against smb сражаться против кого-то to fight for smth сражаться за что-то fill in ['fil 'in] вставить film [film] фильм historical film исторический фильм find [faind] (found; found) найти to find out найти; выяснить fine [fain] прекрасный; хороший finger [Tipga] палец finish [TiniJ] V заканчивать fire [Taia] n 1) огонь 2) камин 3) пожар fireman [Таютэп] пожарный fireplace [Taiapleis] камин firework [Taiowsik] фейерверк fish [fij] n рыба; v ловить рыбу fisherman ['fi/этэп] рыбак flat [flaet] квартира flight [flait] полёт floor [flo;] n 1) пол 2) этаж on the ground floor на первом этаже flour [Паиэ] мука flower ['Паиэ] цветок flu [Пи:] грипп flute [flu:t] флейта to play the flute играть на флейте fly [flai] (flew; flown) летать to fly east (west) лететь на восток (запад) fog [fog] туман foggy ['fngi] туманный folk [Гэпк] народный follow [Tnbo] следовать following ['fnlauig] следуюш;ий fond [fnnd] любяш;ий to be fond of smth/smb любить что-то/кого-то to be fond of doing smth любить делать что-то food [fu:d] пищ,а, еда foolish [Ти:11Л глупый foot [fut] (feet [fi:t]) нога/ступня (ноги) to go on foot идти пешком football ['flrtbo:!] футбол foreign ['form] иностранный forest ['fnnsl] лес forget [fs'get] (forgot; forgotten) забывать fork [fo:k] вилка form [fo:m] n 1) форма, анкета 2) класс; и составлять former [Тэ:тэ] бывший found [faund] основывать founded [Taundid] основанный to be founded быть основанным fountain [Tauntin] фонтан fox [fnks] лиса France [fra:ns] Франция free [fri:] свободный, бесплатный freeze [fri:z] (froze; frozen) замёрзнуть, заморозить It’s freezing! Морозит! frequently [Triikwantii] ado часто fresh [frej] свежий Friday [Traidi] пятница fridge [frictj] холодильник friend [frend] друг friendly [Trendli] дружелюбный friendship [Trend/ip] дружба frog [frog] лягушка from [from] prep от, из front [йлШ] n передняя сторона; adj передний in front of smth перед чем-то fruit [fru:t] фрукт, фрукты fry [frai] жарить fulfil [ful'fil] выполнять full [ful] полный to be full of smth быть полным чего-то furniture [Тз:ш1/з] мебель future ['Quitjb] будуш;ее gallery ['gaelan] галерея game [geim] игра gangster ['gaepsta] гангстер garden ['ga:dn] сад gas [gaes] газ general ['фепэгэ!] n генерал; adj обш;ий geography [c^fografi] география German ['фзгтэп] немецкий Germany ['фз:тэп1] Германия get [get] (got; got) получать, доставать to get on with smb ладить c кем-то to get into a car сесть в машину to get out of a car выйти из машины to get on a train (bus) сесть на поезд (автобус) to get off a train (bus) сойти c поезда (автобуса) to get ready приготовиться 153 to get together собираться to get up вставать giant ['cljaiant] n великан; adj гигантский giraffe [cfei'rcuf] жираф girl [дз;1] девочка give [giv] (gave; given) давать to give back возвращать to give a call to smb звонить кому-л. glad [glaed] довольный to be glad быть довольным glass [glcrs] 1) стакан 2) стекло go [дэи] (went; gone) идти, ехать to go in for sports заниматься спортом to go on telling smth продолжать рассказывать что-л. God [god] Бог My God! Боже мой! Thank God! Слава Богу! gold [goold] n золото; adj золотой (сделанный из золота ) as good as gold золотой (человек) a heart of gold золотое сердце gold coin золотая монета golden ['gaoldan] золотой; золотистый golden hair золотистые волосы good [gud] хороший Good luck! Удачи! government ['gAvnmant] правительство grammar ['дгэетэ] грамматика grandfather ['graend|fa:d3] дедушка grandmother ['дгаеп,тл5э] бабушка grandparents ['graenpearants] дедушка и бабушка grass [gra:s] трава grasshopper ['gra:s,hopa] кузнечик great [greit] adj 1) великий 2) потрясающий, отличный It’s great! Великолепно! Потрясающе! You look great! Ты отлично выглядишь! greedy ['griidi] жадный green [grim] зелёный greengrocer ['gri:n,grausa] зеленщик, продавец отдела «овощи-фрукты» at the greengrocer’s в магазине (отделе) «овощи-фрукты» / greeting ['grirtiij] приветствие on greeting приветствуя grocer ['grausa] бакалейщик at the grocer’s в бакалейном отделе group [дш:р] n группа; v группировать, классифицировать grow [grau] (grew; grown) расти guess [ges] догадываться guest [gest] гость guitar [gi'ta;] гитара to play the guitar играть на гитаре gun [длп] ружьё hair [hea] волосы half [ha:f] (halves [haivz]) половина (половинки) It’s half past 5. Половина шестого, hall [ho:l] холл, прихожая Halloween [,hielao'i:n] канун Дня всех святых hamburger ['ЬагтЬз:да] гамбургер hamster ['haemsta] хомячок hand [haend] рука (ладонь) handicraft ['haendikrafl] урок труда Hanoi [hae'nar] Ханой happen to smb/smth ['hsep(a)n] случаться c кем-то/чем-то happy ['haepi] счастливый Happy New Year! C Новым годом! hard [herd] adj упорный, тяжёлый; adv упорно, тяжело, сильно hard-boiled eggs [,ha:d'boild egz] яйца вкрутую hardly ['ha:dli] adv едва, почти hardly ever ['hcrdli 'eva] очень редко, почти никогда hare [hea] заяц harm [ha;m] вред to do (a lot of) harm причинять (много) вреда harvest ['haivist] урожай, сбор урожая hate [heit] n ненависть; v ненавидеть haughty ['ha;ti] надменный, высокомерный have (has) [haev] ([haez]) (had; had) иметь to have got (has got) иметь to have (has) to do smth иметь необходимость что-то сделать hawthorn ['hD:0o:n] боярышник he [hi;] он head [hed] голова head teacher [,hed 'tiitja] директор школы headline ['bedlam] заголовок hear [hi3] (heard; heard) слышать heart [ha:t] сердце by heart наизусть heartache ['ha:teik] боль в сердце Hello! [he'bu] interj Привет! help [help] помогать to help about the house помогать no дому to help about the house day день помощи по дому to help smb with some subject помогать кому-л. по предмету her [Ьз:] pron её, ей, о ней here [1иэ] adv здесь Неге it is. Вот, пожалуйста! Hi! [hai] interj Привет! hide [haid] (hid; hidden) прятаться hide-and-seek [,haid3n'si:k] прятки (детская игра ) high [hai] adj высокий; adv высоко hill [hil] холм him [him] pron его, ему, о нём (кого?) his [hiz] pron его (чей?) historic [hi'storik] исторический history ['histan] история hobby ['hobi] хобби, любимое занятие hockey ['hoki] хоккей hold [hauld] (held; held) держать holiday ['Imbdi] n \) праздник 2) каникулы holly ['hoh] остролист home [haum] дом, домой at home дома homework ['haumwaik] домашнее задание to do homework выполнять домашнее задание honest ['nnist] честный honey ['Ьлт] мёд honeysuckle ['Ьлш,8лк1] жимолость hop [hnp] хмель hope [Ьэир] надеяться hopscotch ['hopskotj] классики (детская игра ) horn [Ьэ:п] рог, рожок horror ['Ьогэ] ужас horror film (movie) фильм ужасов horse [ho:s] лошадь hospitable ['hospitabl] гостеприимный hospital ['hnspitl] больница host [haust] хозяин hostess ['hsustis] хозяйка hot [hot] горячий hot and cold running water водопровод hour [апэ] час house (houses) [haos] (['hauziz]) дом (дома) how [hau] adv как, каким образом How are you? Как дела? How are you getting on? Как поживаешь? How do you do? Здравствуйте! how often как часто how long сколь долго, сколько времени how many сколько (с исчисляемыми сущ.) How do you like it? Как тебе это нравится? How’ve you been? Как ты поживал это время? How long have you been here? Сколько времени ты здесь? humble ['1тлтЬ1] скромный, застенчивый, робкий humid ['hju:mid] влажный humorist ['hjiiimanst] юморист hundi'ed ['lundrid] сотня, сто hungry ['Ьлрдп] голодный to be hungry быть голодным, хотеть есть hunt [Ьлп1] охотиться hunter ['ЬлШэ] охотник hurry ['Ьлп] п спешка; v спешить to be in а hurry спешить Hurry up! Поторопись! hurt [li3:t] (hurt; hurt) v 1) болеть 2) причинять боль L 155 ice [ais] лёд ice cream [,ais 'kri;m] мороженое Iceland [‘aisland] Исландия idea [ai'dia] мысль That’s a great (good) idea! Замечательная идея (мысль)! identification [ai|dcntifi'keijn] опознавание, установление подлинности ill [il] больной to be ill болеть illness ['ilnis] болезнь illustrate ['ilastreit] показать на примере imagination [i.maecfei'neijn] воображение imagine [i'm£ect5in] представить, вообразить immediately [I'miidiotli] немедленно important [im'poitsnt] важный impossible [im'pnsabl] невозможный in [in] prep в (где?) in an hour через час include [in'kluid] включать indeed [in'di:d] adv в самом деле independence (from smb) [.indi'pcndans] независимость (от кого-л.) India ['india] Индия Indian ['indion] индийский the Indian Ocean Индийский океан Indians ['indianz] индийцы industrial [in'dAstrial] промышленный industry ['mdostri] промышленность informal [m'famal] неофициальный information [.шГэ'тефп] сведения instead [in'sled] adv вместо чего-то instrument ['instromont] инструмент interested ['intnstid] заинтересованный to be interested in smth интересоваться чем-то interesting ['intristipj интересный international [,mto'naeJn3l] международный interval ['intavl] интервал interview ['intsvju:] n интервью; v брать интервью into ['into] prep в (куда?) invent [in'vent] изобретать invitation [.mvi'teijn] приглашение invite [in'vait] приглашать Ireland ['aiobnd] Ирландия irregular [I'regjub] неправильный island ['aibnd] остров it [it] pron OHO It takes smb 3 hours to do it. Нужно 3 часа, чтобы сделать это. It’s been а long time. Много времени прошло. It was nice meeting you. Приятно было познакомиться. Italian [I'tailjan] итальянский Italy ['itali] Италия jacket ['djaekit] куртка, жакет jam [cfeaem] джем, варенье January ['cfeaenjuan] январь jar [cfea:] банка a jar of jam банка варенья jeans [cfei:nz] джинсы job [cfeob] работа jogging ['(fengir)] бег разминочным темпом join smb [d50in] присоединиться к кому-л. joke [с]5эпк] шутка journey ['4i3;ni] путешествие to go on a journey отправиться в путешествие juice [djuis] сок July [(^n'lai] июль jump [ф\тр] прыгать June [(feu:n] июнь junior ['cfeurnia] начальный just [(feASt] adv 1) только что 2) как раз keep [ki:p] (kept; kept) держать, содержать to keep a diary вести дневник to keep fit поддерживать форму, быть в форме to keep shut держать закрытым key [ki:] ключ kill [kil] убивать kilometre ['kib.miita] километр kind [kaind] n род, вид; adj добрый It’s very kind of you. Как мило с вашей стороны, king [kiij] король kingdom [’kiodam] королевство kiss [kis] целовать kitchen ['kit/in] кухня kitten ['kitn] котёнок knife [nait] (knives [narvz]) нож (ножи) knock [nnk] стучать know [пэи] (knew; known) знать, узнавать knowledge ['nDlid5] знание, знания ladder ['lasda] лестница (переносная) lake [leik] озеро lamp [laemp] лампа land [tend] n земля, суша; v приставать к берегу language [teogwids] язык large [1а:ф] большой last [last] adj последний, прошлый last month в прошлом месяце last week на прошлой неделе last year в прошлом году last [last] adv в последний раз; v длиться late [leit] поздний to be late (for) опаздывать (на) lately ['leitli] недавно, за последнее время laugh [laf] смеяться to laugh at smb/smth смеяться над кем-то/чем-то law [b:] закон lawn [b:n] лужайка lawyer ['1э:]э] юрист, адвокат lazy ['leizi] ленивый lead [li:d] (led; led) вести, руководить leap-frog ['li:pfrog] чехарда (детская игра) to play leap-frog играть в чехарду learn [1з:п] (learnt; learnt) учить, узнавать to learn by heart учить наизусть leave [liv] (left; left) покидать, уезжать из to leave for уезжать в to leave Rostov for Moscow уезжать из Ростова в Москву left [left] adj левый left (the) n левая сторона on the left слева to the left налево leg [leg] нога (от ступни) legend ['Iceland] легенда length [legG] длина less [les] меньше lesson ['lesn] урок at/in the lesson на уроке letter [leta] «1) буква 2) письмо liberty ['liboti] свобода Liberty Island остров Свободы The Statue of Liberty Статуя Свободы library ['laibrari] библиотека at the library в библиотеке lick [Ilk] лизать, облизывать lie [lai] n ложь; v лгать, говорить неправду to tell a lie лгать, говорить неправду life [laif] жизнь like [laik] v любить, нравиться; adv как, подобный lily ['lili] лилия line [lam] n 1) линия 2) направление ( железнодорожное ) lion ['laian] лев lip [Up] губа list [list] список listen to smb/smth [lisn] слушать кого-то/что-то literary [‘1Пгэп] литературный little ['litl] adj маленький; adv мало a little немного living room ['Imp шт] жилая комната loaf [buf] буханка a loaf of bread буханка хлеба local ['bukl] местный, ближайший к дому at the local cinema-house в ближайшем кинотеатре lock [Ink] закрывать на ключ, запирать locked [lokt] закрытый на ключ logical ['bdjikl] логический 157 lonely ['bunli] одинокий long [1di.i] длинный look [luk] смотреть, глядеть to look around оглядываться to look at смотреть на to look for искать Look over there! Посмотри вон туда! to look through просмотреть to look like выглядеть You look great! Ты прекрасно выглядишь! lord [lord] лорд The House of Lords палата лордов (в парламенте) Los Angeles [los'aencfeolkz] Лос-Анжелес lose [lu:z] (lost; lost) терять to be (get) lost потеряться lots of, a lot of [lots] много loud [laud] громкий loudly ['laudli] громко love [Iav] n любовь; v любить to be in love быть влюблённым lovely ['kvli] прелестный luck [1лк] удача Good luck! Удачи! lucky ['Uki] везучий luggage [Vgicfe] багаж lump [1лтр] кусок a lump of sugar кусок сахара lunch [L\nt(] второй завтрак, обед, ланч to have for lunch на второй за-втрак/обед/ланч lung(s) [1ai)(z)] лёгкое (лёгкие) м Madrid [ma'drid] Мадрид magazine [,m*g3'zi:n] журнал magic ['maecfeik] волшебный main [mem] главный, основной mainland ['meinbnd] материк majesty ['таефзИ] величество His Majesty! Его величество! make [meik] (made; made) делать, заставлять to be made of быть сделанным из make up составлять man (men) [тгеп] ([men]) мужчина (мужчины) manner ['таепэ] правило поведения, манеры good manners хорошие манеры to have table manners уметь вести себя за столом many ['mem] adj много (с исчисляемыми сущ.) тар [msep] карта (географическая) March [ma:tj] март marmalade ['maimaleid] мармелад, джем married ['maend] женатый, замужняя to be married to быть замужем за, женатым на marry (smb) ['maeri] жениться на ком-то, выходить замуж за кого-то match [maetlj п матч match [maetQ v 1) подобрать под пару 2) согласовывать material [тэ'йэпэ!] материал maths [mseBs] математика May [mei] май may [mei] можно May I do it? Можно мне сделать это? maybe ['meibi] возможно, может быть me [mi:] pron мне, меня, мной, обо мне meal [mi:l] трапеза, еда to have meals принимать пищу, есть mean [mi:n] (meant; meant) о 1) значить 2) иметь в виду 3) хотеть сказать meaning ['mirmg] значение means (of transport) [mi:nz] средства передвижения meat [mi:t] мясо medicine ['medsn] n 1) медицина (неис-числ.) 2) лекарство (исчисл.) meet [mi:t] (met; met) встречать, встречаться on meeting при встрече member ['memba] член memorial [mi'manal] мемориал memory ['meman] память mention ['menjh] упоминать message ['mesid5] устное сообщение metal ['metl] металл method ['meBad] метод metre ['mi:ta] метр Metro ['metrau] метро to go by Metro ехать на метро middle ['midl] середина in the middle of smth в середине чего-то midnight ['midnait] полночь at midnight в полночь mild [maild] мягкий militiaman [mi'lijaman] милиционер milk [milk] молоко milkman ['milkman] молочник million ['miljan] миллион millionaire [.miljo'neo] миллионер mineral ['minaral] минерал ministry ['ministri] министерство mirror ['mira] зеркало Miss [mis] мисс (незамужняя женщина ) miss [mis] опаздывать, пропускать to miss the train (bus, plane) опоздать на поезд (автобус, самолёт) You can’t miss it! Это невозможно пропустить! the Mississippi [.imsi'sipi] Миссисипи ( река) mitten ['mitn] варежка mix [miks] мешать, смешивать mixed [miksl] перемешанный model ['modi] модель modern ['mndan] современный modern conveniences современные удобства moment ['maumant] мгновение Monday ['mAndi] понедельник money ['тлш] деньги monkey ['mM]ki] обезьяна month [тлп0] месяц monument ['monjumant] to smb памятник кому-л. moon [mu;n] луна moral ['mDral] мораль more [mo:] больше morning ['moinip] утро in the morning утром on Tuesday morning во вторник утром morning glory [,mo;mi3 'glo:ri] вьюнок Moscow ['niDskau] Москва most [maust] большинство mother ['тлба] мама Motherland ['тлба1аепб] Родина, Отчизна mountain ['mauntin] гора mouse [maus] (mice [mais]) мышь (мыши) mouth [mau0] рот move [mu:v] двигаться, переезжать move in (to) переехать в Mr ['mista] господин, мистер Mrs ['misiz] госпожа, миссис (замужняя женщина ) Ms [miz] госпожа (неизвестно, замужем или нет) much [тл!]] много museum [mju:'zi:am] музей music ['mjurzik] музыка musical ['mju:zikl] adj музыкальный; n музыкальный фильм must [iTiAst] должен, должно быть my [mai] pron мой name [neim] n имя; v называть narrator [na'reita] рассказчик nation ['neijn] нация national ['naefnal] национальный nationality [,nasja'naebti] национальность native ['neitrv] adj коренной (житель), родной (язык); п коренной житель natural ['naetjrsi] естественный nature ['neitjo] природа near [шэ] ado недалеко, близко, около near here недалеко отсюда nearly ['шэЬ] adv почти necessary ['nesisan] необходимый neck [nek] шея need [ni:d] нуждаться Negro ['ni:grau] негр neighbour ['neiba] сосед never ['neva] ado никогда It's never late to learn! Учиться никогда не поздно! next [nekst] следующий next to рядом с new [nju:] новый newspaper ['nju:speipa] газета newsreel ['nju:zri:l] программа новостей 159 I II i New York ['nju: 'jo:k] Нью-Йорк New Zealand [nju: 'zi:bnd] Новая Зеландия nice [nais] милый, приятный nickel ['nikl] монета в пять центов nickname ['nikneim] прозвище night [nail] ночь at night ночью no [пэи] нет noble ['пэиЫ] благородный nobody ['naubadi] pron никто nod [nod] n кивок; и кивать головой noise [noiz] шум noisy ['noizi] шумный normal ['no:ml] нормальный Normandy ['no:m9ndi] Нормандия north [no:0] север in the north на севере north-east ['no:0'i:st] северо-восток nose [nauz] hoc nothing ['ПЛ01Г)] pron ничего novel ['nnvl] роман November [nan'vemba] ноябрь nowadays ['nauadeiz] ado в настоящее время nurse [пз:з] няня, санитарка, медсестра nut [пл1] орех ОК [,9o'kei] adv нормально; так, как надо old [9uld] старый on [on] prep на once [wAHS] adv однажды open ['эорп] открывать opera [ЪрГ9] опера opinion [o'pmjon] мнение opposite ['opazit] prep напротив optimism ['Dptinuz(9)m] оптимизм or [o:] conj или orange ['onnds] гшельсин; adj оранжевый orange juice ['nrincfe d5u:s] апельсиновый сок order ['o:d9] порядок in order no порядку other ['лба] pron другой, другие the other day на днях the other way round наоборот ought to ['o:t 'tu] быть должным, морально обязанным our [au9] pi'on наш outdoors [,aul'do:z] adv на свежем воздухе out loud ['aut 'laud] adv вслух over ['9UV9] prep над to be over заканчиваться overcoat ['auvokaut] пальто own [эип] собственный object ['nbdsikt] предмет obligation [pbli'geijn] обязательство occupation [|Dkju'pciJn] занятие, профессия ocean ['aujn] океан October [nk'tauba] октябрь of [nv] предлог родительного падежа of course конечно offend [a'fend] обижать offer ['«fa] предлагать office ['«fis] офис, учреждение, кабинет officer ['«fisa] офицер official [a'fijal] adj официальный; n государственный служащий often ['a:fn] adv часто oh [au] inter] ой Oh, my! Боже мой! Oh, no! восклицание сожаления oil [ail] растительное масло the Pacific Ocean [pa,sifik ’auJn] Тихий океан packet ['paekjt] пакет, пачка page [pei<]5] страница pain [pern] боль paint [peint] рисовать красками painting ['peintip] картина pair [pea] пара a pair of shoes пара туфель to work in pairs работать в парах pajamas [pa'^amaz] пижама palace ['paelis] дворец pancake ['psenkeik] блин paper ['peipa] 1) бумага 2) газета papers ['peipaz] 1) газеты, журналы 2) документы paragraph ['psragrcd] параграф 1б0 Paris ['paens] Париж parliament ['ра:1этэп1] парламент parrot ['paerst] попугай part [pert] П 1) роль 2) часть; v расставаться to take part принимать участие party ['pa:ti] вечеринка at the party на вечеринке pass [pars] передавать passage ['paesids] коридор passenger ['paesinefea] пассажир past [parst] prep после at 10 past 8 в 10 минут девятого patient ['peijgnt] пациент pay (for smth) [pei] (paid; paid) платить (за что-то) PE (Physical Education) [,pi: i:'] физкультура peace [pirs] мир peaceful ['pirsful] мирный Peking [,pi:'kir)] Пекин pen [pen] ручка pencil ['pensl] карандаш to draw in pencil рисовать карандашом penny ['peni] пенни (монета) people ['pirpi] люди, народ pepper ['рерэ] перец perform [рэТогт] представлять, играть performance [pa'formons] представление, спектакль performer [рэТэгтэ] исполнитель perhaps [pa'hseps] adv возможно permanent ['рз;тэпэп1] постоянный person ['p3:sn] человек, личность personal ['рз:зпэ1] личный pet [pet] любимое животное petal ['petl] лепесток phone [faun] звонить по телефону photo [ТэШэо] фотография to take photos снимать (фотоаппаратом ) phrase [freiz] фраза piano ['pjaenau] пианино to play the piano играть на пианино picture ['ptkt/э] л 1) картина 2) фотография in the picture на картине to take pictures снимать фотоаппаратом piece [pirs] кусок pig [pig] поросёнок pillow ['pibu] подушка pirate [‘paiarat] пират pity ['piti] жалость That’s a pity! Какая жалость! place [pleis] место place of interest достопримечательность plan [plaen] план plane [plein] самолёт by plane самолётом planet ['plaemt] планета plantation [plaen'teijh] плантация plate [pleit] тарелка platform ['plaetform] платформа (железнодорожная ) play [plei] играть to play a part играть роль to play snowballs играть в снежки pleasant ['plezant] приятный pleasure ['р1езэ] удовольствие Plymouth ['plimoG] Плимут (город) pocket ['pokit] карман poem [’рэшт] стихотворение, поэма police [po'lirs] полиция police officer офицер полиции policeman [рэ'Игзшэп] полицейский polite [pa'Iait] вежливый politician [,pt)li'tijn] политик politics ['pnhtiks] политика poor [риэ] бедный poppy ['pnpi] мак popular with smb ['popjob] популярный среди кого-то pork [pork] свинина porridge ['рппф] каша (овсяная) port [port] порт portrait ['portnt] портрет possible ['pDsibl] возможный post office ['poust ,Dfis] почта postman ['poustmon] почтальон potato (potatoes) [po'teitou] картофелина (картофель) 161 pound [pauiid] n 1) единица веса (450 г) 2) фунт стерлингов (английская денежная единица) power ['раиэ] власть, сила practise in ['prsektis] практиковаться в preparation [.prepa'reijn] приготовление prepare for smth [рп'реэ] готовиться к чему-то preposition [prepa'zt/n] предлог prescribe [pri'skraib] прописывать to prescribe a medicine for smth прописывать лекарство от чего-то present ['preznt] настоящее president ['prezid(o)nt] президент pressure ['preja] давление blood pressure кровяное давление pretend [pn'tend] притворяться pretty ['pnti] ad] хорошенький; adv довольно, весьма Pretty bad! Очень плохо! previous ['pri:vias] предыдущий price [prais] цена primrose ['primrauz] примула prince [prins] принц, князь princess [ipnn'ses] принцесса prize [praiz] приз probably ['probabli] возможно problem ['problam] проблема profession [pra'fejn] профессия programme ['praugraem] программа progressive [pra'gresrv] прогрессивный promise ['promis] обещать pronunciation [рга,плш1‘е1/п] произношение proper [’propa] соответствующий proper form соответствующая форма proper name имя собственное protect [pra'tekt] защищать proud [praud] гордый to be proud of smb/smth гордиться кем-то I чем-то prove [pru:v] доказывать proverb ['pn)V3:b] пословица public ['pAblik] публика pulse [рл1$] пульс punish ['рлшЛ наказывать punishment ['pAmJmant] наказание pupil ['pjuipl] ученик puppy ['рлрЛ щенок pure [pjoa] чистый purple ['рз:р1] фиолетовый put [put] (put; put) класть to put down записывать to put on smth надевать что-то to put smth in order расположить no порядку puzzle ['pAzl] головоломка qualification [,kwDlifi'keiJn] квалификация quarter ['kwoda] 1) четверть 2) монета в 25 центов at а quarter past 5 в четверть шестого at а quarter to 5 в без четверти пять queen [kwi:n] королева question ['kwestfn] вопрос quick [kwik] быстрый quickly ['kwikli] быстро quiet ['kwaiat] спокойный, тихий quotation [kwau'tei/n] цитата quote [kwaut] цитировать race [reis] соревнование в беге, гонках to run a race участвовать в гонках radio ['reidiau] радио railway [Veilwei] железная дорога railway station железнодорожная станция, вокзал at the railway station на (железнодорожной) станции, вокзале rain [rein] n дождь; v идти (о дожде) It often rains here. Здесь часто идёт дождь. It is raining hard now. Сейчас идёт сильный дождь. raincoat ['reinkaut] дождевик, плащ rainy ['remi] дождливый rather ['гсгбэ] довольно raven [Veivn] ворон reach [ri;tj] достигать react [n'a:kt] реагировать read [ri:d] (read; read) читать to read to oneself читать про себя Read to yourself! Читай про себя! reader ['riida] читатель ready [Vedi] готовый real [пэ1] реальный, действительный really ['nail] действительно reason ['ri:zn] причина receive [ri'si:v] о 1) получать 2) принимать гостей/посетителей recently ['ri:sntli] недавно recognize ['rekagnaiz] узнавать recover [п'клуэ] поправиться red [red] красный, рыжий refer [пТз:] относить, отсылать reference material ['refrans] справочный материал referring to [пТз:пр] относящийся к refuse [n'fjuiz] отказывать(ся) regular verbs ['regjula 'v3:bz] правильные глаголы regularly ['regjulali] регулярно regulation [,regju‘lei/n] инструкция relation [n'lei/n] родственник relative ['relativ] родственник relax [n'laeks] расслабляться relaxation [,ri:lcek'seijn] расслабление remember [n'membo] помнить reported [n'pa:tid] сообщённый, переданный reported speech косвенная речь respectable [ri'spektabl] уважаемый rest [rest] n отдых; v отдыхать restaurant ['rest(a)rno] ресторан retell [ri'tel] пересказывать return [n't3:n] возвращаться review [n'vju:] повторять revue [n'vju:] обозрение rhyming twin ['raimip twin] слово, звучащее в рифму rice [rais] рис rich [ntj] богатый ride [raid] (rode; ridden) ехать на (велосипеде, лошади) right [rait] adj 1) правильный 2) правый right (the) n правая сторона on the right справа to the right направо Say it right. Скажи правильно, rise [raiz] (rose; risen) вставать, подниматься river ['nvs] река road [rsud] дорога rocket ['nikit] ракета role play ['гэи1 plei] разыгрывать no ролям round [raund] круглый round-up lessons уроки повторения row [гэи] грести rowing ['гэшц] гребля royal ['гэю1] королевский rubber ['глЬэ] ластик ruins ['nirinz] руины rule [ш:1] п правило; о править, управлять as а rule как правило ruler ['ш:1э] линейка run [глп] (ran; run) бегать sad [saed] печальный to look sad выглядеть печальным sadly ['ssedli] печально sail [sell] n парус; v плыть под парусом sailor ['sells] матрос saint (snt., st) [semt] ([snl]) святой salesman ['seilzmsn] продавец salt [so:lt] соль salty ['so:lti] солёный same [seim] adj тот же самый, такой же sandals ['saend(s)lz] босоножки, сандалии sandwich ['ssenwict5] бутерброд San Francisco [,sasn frsn'siskou] Сан-Франциско Saturday ['saetsdi] суббота sauce [so:s] coyc save [seiv] о 1) спасать 2) экономить, откладывать say [sei] сказать to say to smb сказать кому-л. to say it for smb сказать за кого-л. scarecrow ['skeskrsu] чучело scenery ['sknsri] декорации school [sku:l] школа to go to school ходить в школу science ['saisns] наука scientific [,saisn'tifik] научный scientist ['.saisntist] учёный 163 Scotland ['skotbnd] Шотландия screen [skri:ii] экран sculpture ['skAlptfa] скульптура sea [si:] море seaman ['sLmon] моряк seaside ['si:said] побережье, взморье at the seaside на взморье to go to the seaside поехать на взморье season ['si:zn] сезон, время года seat [si:t] место secretary ['sekratn] секретарь section ['sekjn] раздел see [si:] (saw; seen) видеть See you later. Увидимся позже. Let me see. Дай подумать. seed(s) [si:d(z)] зёрнышки, семена seem [si:m] казаться seldom ['seldam] adv редко selfish ['selfi^ эгоистичный sell [sel] (sold; sold) продавать send [send] (sent; sent) посылать sense [sens] чувство a sense of humour чувство юмора sentence ['sentans] предложение separate ['separeit] отделять September [sap'temba] сентябрь serious ['siarias] серьёзный seriously ['siariasli] серьёзно set [set] (set; set) о 1) накрывать 2) садиться (о солнце) 3) размещать to set the table накрывать на стол settlement ['setlmant] поселение, посёлок several (times) ['sevrsl] несколько (раз) shake [feik] (shook; shaken) трясти to shake a head покачать головой to shake hands with smb пожать руку кому-то to shake smb by the shoulder потрясти кого-то за плечо shall [fsel] буду, будем, будут Shall I do it? Мне сделать это? shave [feiv] бриться she [Д:] pron она sheep (sheep) [fi:p] овца (овцы) sheet [ДЛ] простыня ship U'lp] корабль to go by ship ехать кораблем on board the ship на борту корабля shirt [fart] рубашка shoe [fii:] (shoes) ботинок (ботинки) shop [fop] n магазин; v ходить в магазин to do the shopping делать покупки, ходить в магазин to go shopping делать покупки shop assistant ['Jnp 3,sist3iit] продавец short [fo:t] короткий shorts [T3:ts] шорты shoulder ['/эиШэ] плечо shout at smb [fairt] кричать на кого-л. show [[эо] n представление; v показывать to show off красоваться, рисоваться shower ['Jaua] душ to have/take a shower принимать душ Siberia [sai'biaria] Сибирь sick [sik] больной side [said] n 1) сторона 2) бок sign [sain] n знак; и подписывать silk [silk] шёлк silver ['silva] a серебро; ad] серебряный since [sms] adv c тех nop как sing [sip] (sang; sung) петь to sing to the music петь под музыку single (ticket) ['sipgl] билет в одном направлении sink [sipk] раковина sister ['sista] сестра sitting room ['sitip rum] гостиная situated [‘sitjueitid] расположенный to be situated располагаться situation [,sitju'eijn] ситуация size [saiz] размер What size shoes do you wear? Туфли какого размера вы носите? skate [skeit] п (skates) конёк (коньки); v кататься на коньках ski [ski:] п (skis) лыжа (лыжи); и кататься на лыжах skin [skin] кожа, шкура skip [skip] прыгать через верёвочку skirt [sksrt] юбка slave [slerv] раб sledge [slecl5] n санки; v кататься на санках sleep [sli:p] n сон; v (slept; slept) спать slice [slais] тонкий кусочек, ломтик slim [slim] стройный slow [slau] медленный slowly ['sloulij медленно smell [smel] n запах; v (smelt; smelt) пахнуть smoke [smauk] n дым; v курить snail [sneil] улитка snake [snerk] змея sneeze [sni:z] чихать snow [snau] n снег; v идти (о снеге) It often snows here. Здесь часто идёт снег. It is snowing hard. Идёт сильный снег, snowball ['snauba:!] снежок snowdrop ['snaudrop] подснежник snowman ['snaumanj снеговик to make a snowman лепить снеговика so [sau] adv так, итак soap opera ['saup opra] многосерийный телесериал sofa ['saufa] диван soft [soft] мягкий soft-boiled eggs [.soft'baild egz] яйца всмятку soft drink ['sofl dripk] безалкогольный напиток soldier ['saultfea] солдат some [SAin] pron некоторые, несколько somebody ['sAmbadi] pron кто-нибудь something ['sAinGir)] pron что-нибудь sometimes ['sAmtaimz] иногда son [sAn] сын song [sop] песня Sorry! ['son] Извините! to be sorry сожалеть о (чём-то) soul [saul] душа sound [saund] n звук; v звучать That sounds good! Звучит заманчиво! soup [su:p] суп sour cream [,saua 'kri:m] сметана south [sauG] юг space [speis] n 1) космос 2) пространство spaceship [’speisjip] космический корабль Spain [spem] Испания Spanish ['sp$nij] испанский speak [spi:k] (spoke; spoken) разговаривать special ['spejl] специальный specialist ['spejlist] специалист specialize ['spejalaiz] специализироваться spell [spel] (spelt; spelt) писать; называть по буквам spelling ['spelip] правописание spend [spend] (spent; spent) тратить; проводить (время) to spend money on smth тратить деньги на что-то spices [’spaisiz] специи spoon [spu:n] ложка sport [spo;t] спорт sports ground ['spo:ts grannd] спортивная площадка spy [spai] шпион square [skwca] n площадь; adj квадратный in the square на площади stadium ['steidiam] стадион stage [steicl^] n сцена; v ставить на сцене on the stage на сцене stairs [steoz] лестница stalls [sto:lz] партер in the stalls в партере stamp [staemp] марка stand [staend] (stood; stood) стоять standard lamp ['staendad laemp] торшер star [sto:] n 1) звезда 2) кинозвезда start [start] n начало; v начинать state [steit] n 1) штат 2) государство statement ['steitmant] утверждение statue ['staetju:] статуя stay [stei] и 1) останавливаться 2) оставаться to stay at a hotel осташавливаться в отеле (гостинице) to stay with smb останавливаться у кого-то steal [sti:I] (stole; stolen) красть, воровать 165 still [stil] adv всё ещё stone [staun] камень stop [stop] n остановка; v останавливаться store [sto:] магазин (большой) storm [storm] шторм, буря a storm of applause шквал аплодисментов story ['storn] история, рассказ straight [streit] прямой straight ahead прямо вперёд strange [streind^j странный, незнакомый straw [stror] солома strength [strepe] сила stripe [straip] полоса strong [strop] сильный student ['stjurdant] студент, учащийся study ['sUdi] n кабинет; v изучать subject ['sAbd5ikt] предмет success [sak'ses] успех to be a success иметь успех to have success иметь успех suddenly ['sAdnli] вдруг suffer from страдать от sugar ['[ирэ] сахар sugary []Ьрэп] adj 1) сахаристый 2) слащавый suit [sjurt] подходить, устраивать It suits you well. Тебе это хорошо подходит. summer ['злтэ] лето sun [sah] солнце Sunday ['sAndi] воскресенье on Sunday в воскресенье sunglasses ['sAnglarsiz] солнечные очки sunny ['sAHi] солнечный supermarket ['8]и:рэ,та;кЦ] универсам supper ['sApo] ужин to have for supper на ужин sure [fua] уверенный to be sure of быть уверенным в surname ['sarneim] фамилия surprise [sa'praiz] удивление swallow ['swDlau] глотать sweater ['sweta] свитер sweet [swirt] adj сладкий; n конфета swim [swim] (swam; swum) плавать swimming pool ['swimip purl] плавательный бассейн symbol ['simbl] символ symptom ['simptam] симптом synonym ['sinanim] синоним table ['teibl] 1) стол 2) таблица table tennis ['teibl ,terns] настольный теннис tail [teil] хвост tailor ['teila] портной take [teik] (took; taken) брать to take a bus (train, plane) сесть на автобус (поезд, самолёт) to take off снимать to take pictures делать фотографии, фотографировать It takes me 5 minutes to get there. Мне нужно 5 минут, чтобы добраться туда. tale [teil] рассказ, история, повесть talk [tork] беседовать, болтать tall [tori] высокий tape [teip] плёнка on the tape на плёнке tasty ['teisti] вкусный taxes ['la^ksiz] налоги taxi ['tseksi] такси tea [tir] чай teach [tirtf] (taught; taught) обучать, учить (кого-л.) teacher ['tirljs] учитель team [tirm] команда telegramme ['teligrsem] телеграмма television ['teli,vi3n] n 1) телевизор 2) телевидение tell [tel] (told; told) говорить to tell smb about smth сказать кому- то что-то to tell a lie солгать to tell the truth сказать правду to tell fairy tales рассказывать сказки temperature ['tempratja] температура to have/run a high temperature иметь высокую температуру to take one’s temperature измерять чью-то температуру tennis ['tenis] теннис tennis day день игры в теннис terrible ['terabl] ужасный terribly ['terabli] ужасно territory ['teritan] территория the Thames [temz] Темза than [daen] conj чем that [6aet] pron тот, та, то the [бэ], [5i] определённый артикль theatre ['0i3to] театр at the theatre в театре theatre-goer ['01э1э,дэиэ] театрал their [без] pron их (чей?) them [6cm] pron им, о них, их (кого?) thematic [0i'mselik] тематический theme [0i:m] тема then [беп] adv тогда, затем there [без] adv там these [6i:z] pron эти they [6ei] pron они They say... Говорят... thing [0113] вещь think [0ii3k] (thought; thought) думать thirsty ['03:sti] жаждущий пить to be thirsty хотеть пить this [6is] pron этот, эта, это this Monday в этот понедельник though [бзи] conj хотя thought [0o:t] мысль thousand ['0auz3nd] тысяча throat [0f3Ut] горло to have a sore throat иметь больное горло through [0ш:] prep сквозь, через to look through просматривать through train экспресс throw [0гзи] (threw; thrown) бросать Thursday [’03:zdi] четверг ticket ['tikit] билет a ticket to a city билет до города a ticket for a play (for a train) билет на спектакль (на поезд) а single ticket билет в одном направлении а return ticket билет в оба конца а ticket office билетная касса tidy [‘taidi] аккуратный, опрятный tie [tai] п галстук; v завязывать tiger ['taiga] тигр tights [taits] колготки time [taim] 1) время 2) раз 3 times а day 3 раза в день timetable ['taim.teibl] расписание on the timetable в расписании tin [tin] консервная банка а tin of meat банка мясных консервов tired [taiad] усталый to be tired быть усталым title ['taitl] заглавие tobacco [ta'baekan] табак toe [t3u] палец ноги together [t3'ge63] вместе toilet ['toilit] туалет tomorrow [1э'твгзи] завтра tongue [tAo] язык tonight [ta'nait] сегодня вечером tonsillitis [,tnnsi'laitis] ангина too [tu:] adv 1) тоже 2) слишком tooth [tu:0] (teeth [ti0]) зуб (зубы) toothbrush [’lu:0brAj] зубная щётка toothpaste ['lu:0peist] зубная паста top [tDp] вершина at the top of smth на верху чего-л. topic ['topik] тема tortoise ['to:t3s] черепаха tourism ['tu3nzm] туризм tourist ['tu3nst] турист tourist class второй класс на самолёте towel ['tau3l] полотенце tower ['tau3] башня town [laun] город (любой) in town в городе out of town вне города tractor ['1гэек1з] трактор tradition [tro'difn] традиция traditional [tr3'dijn3l] традиционный traffic ['traefik] движение (уличное) There is a lot of traffic here. Здесь сильное движение, traffic lights ['traefik laits] светофор 167 train I [trein] n поезд by train поездом to get on a train сесть в поезд to get off a train сойти c поезда on the train в поезде to take (catch) a train успеть на поезд, сесть на поезд train II [trein] v тренировать(ся) trainers ['treinaz] кроссовки training ['treinin] тренировка transport ['traenspo:t] транспорт travel ['tnsvl] путешествовать to travel by smth путешествовать на чём-то to travel east путешествовать на восток traveller [’traevb] путешественник trip [trip] поездка, короткое путешествие to go on a trip поехать в путешествие trolleybus ['trnlibAs] троллейбус trouble ['1глЬ1] n беда, неприятность; v беспокоить true [tru;] правдивый try [trai] пытаться, пробовать, стараться to try on примерять Tuesday ['tju:zdi] вторник tunnel ['tAnI] туннель turkey ['t3:ki] индюшка turn [t3:n] поворачивать to turn to the left поворачивать налево to turn to the right поворачивать направо to turn off выключать to turn on включать TV телевизор twice [twais] adv дважды type [taip] печатать u ugly ['aqIi] некрасивый, уродливый uncle ['Apkl] дядя uncomfortable [Ал'кАгпйэЫ] неудобный uncountable [дп'каиШэЫ] неисчисляемый under [Чпбэ] prep под / underground ['Andagraund] метро, подземка to take the underground ехать на метро underline [.Anda'lain] подчёркивать underlined word подчёркнутое слово understand [,Anda'stasnd] (understood; understood) понимать uneasy [An'kzi] нелёгкий unfinished [An'finijt] незаконченный unfortunately [An'fodjanitli] к сожалению unfriendly [An'frendli] недружелюбный unhappy [An'haepi] несчастливый, несчастный uniform ['ju:nifo:m] форма unimportant [,Amm'po:tant] неважный the United States of America (the United States) Соединённые Штаты Америки unkind [,An'kamd] недобрый unnoticed [An'nautist] незамеченный untrue [An'tm:] лживый, неверный up [Ap] adv вверх upper ['Арэ] верхний upstairs [Ap'steaz] adv наверх us [as] pron нас, нам, о нас the USA (the US) США use [ju;z] использовать, употреблять useful ['ju:sful] полезный used to [ju:st] иметь обыкновение делать что-то (о прошлом) I used to do it. Я обычно делал это. using ['ju:zig] используя vacation [va'kei/n] каникулы vacuum cleaner [Veekjuom .kJima] пылесос vegetable [Vecfeitabl] овош; version ['v3:Jn] версия, вариант very ['veri] adv очень victory [Viktori] победа to win a victory выиграть победу, победить a victory over the enemy победа над врагом to lead the army to victory вести армию к победе 0 video ['vi:di9u] видео village [Vilicfe] деревня vinegar [Viniga] уксус violin [Vaialjn] скрипка to play the violin играть на скрипке visit [Vizit] n посещение, визит; v посещать a visiting day день посещений vocabulary [va'kaebjubri] вокабуляр voice [vDis] голос in a quiet voice тихим голосом volleyball [Voliboil] волейбол to play volleyball играть в волейбол voyage [Voicfe] путешествие (по воде) to go on a voyage поехать в морское путешествие w wake up ['weik 'лр] (woke up; woken up) просыпаться walk [wo:k] n прогулка; v идти гулять, ходить пешком, гулять to walk barefoot [Чуо;к beafut] ходить босиком wall [wo:l] стена want [wDiit] хотеть war [wo:] война a war against smb война против кого-л. to be at war быть на войне to go to war идти на войну wardrobe [‘woidroub] платяной шкаф warm [wo:m] тёплый warmth [wo:mO] теплота, тепло wash [wdJ] 1) мыть(ся) 2) стирать to wash up мыть посуду washing day ['wofip dei] день стирки washing machine ['wpfip mojlin] стиральная машина watch [wDtO ” часы (наручные); v смотреть, наблюдать to watch TV смотреть телевизор water ['wo:to] n вода; v поливать way [wei] n 1) путь, дорога 2) способ, образ It’s а long way. Далеко, a way of life стиль, образ жизни we [wi:] pron мы weak [wi:k] слабый wealth [welO] богатство wealthy ['welGi] богатый wear [weo] (wore; worn) носить weather ['weds] погода Wednesday ['wenzdi] среда on Wednesday в среду week [wi:k] неделя weekend [,wi:k'end] конец недели at the weekend в конце недели welcome ['welksm] приветствовать, радушно принимать You’re welcome! Добро пожаловать! well [wel] хороший, здоровый west [west] запад what [wDt] pron что, какой What about you? A как ты? What a good book! Какая хорошая книга! What’s on? Что идёт в кино? по телевизору? What’s the time? Сколько времени? whatever [wot'evs] что бы ни было when [wen] когда When’s the best time to...? Когда лучше...? whenever [wen'cvs] когда бы ни было where [wes] где, куда wherever [wesr'evs] где бы ни было, куда бы ни было which [wit[] который из which of you кто из вас Which one? Какой? Который? while [wail] conj пока, в то время как whisper [Svisps] п шёпот; v шептать white [wait] белый who [hu;] кто whoever [hui'evs] кто бы ни был whole [haul] целый, весь whom [hu:m] кого, кому, кем, о ком whose [hu:z] pron чей why [wai] adv 1) почему, зачем 2) в чём дело Why don’t you...? Почему ты не...? wide [waid] широкий widespread ['waidspred] широко распространённый width [widG] ширина 169 wife [waif] жена wild [waild] дикий win [win] (won; won) выигрывать, побеждать wind [wind] ветер windy ["windi] ветреный window ['windao] окно wing [wig] крыло winner ['wma] победитель winter ['winta] зима wise [waiz] мудрый wish [wij] желать witch [witj] ведьма with [wi5] c without [wid'aot] без wolf [wulf] (wolves [wulvz]) волк (волки) woman [Vuman] (women [Wimin]) женщина (женщины) wonder ['wAnda] n чудо; v удивляться, интересоваться I wonder... Интересно... wonderful [SvAndaful] удивительный, замечательный wood [wud] « 1) дерево 2) лес wooden ['wudn] деревянный wool [wul] шерсть woollen ['wulan] adj шерстяной word [w3:d] слово work [w3:k] n работа; v работать work of art произведение искусства work of fiction произведение художественной литературы worker ['w3:ka] рабочий world [W3:ld] мир, свет, вселенная all over the world no всему свету worry ['wAfi] беспокоиться, мучиться worse [w3:s] хуже the worst film самый плохой фильм wrap [гаер] заворачивать write [rait] (wrote; written) писать writer ['raita] писатель written ['ntn] написанный in written form письменно wrong [rog] неправильный year [j3:] год yellow ['jelau] жёлтый yesterday ['jestadi] вчера yet [jet] adv 1) ещё 2) уже you [ju:] pron ТЫ, вы You are back. Ты вернулся. You don’t say so! He может быть! You see. Видишь ли. young [|лд] молодой your [|э:] pron твой, ваш zoo [zu:] зоопарк at the zoo в зоопарке 170 IRREGULAR VERBS be was [wDz]/ been draw drew drawn [bi:] were [w3:] [bi:n] [dro:] [dm:] [dro:n] become became become drink drank drunk [Ы'клт] [bi'keim] [bi'kAm] [driok] [draeok] [drAgk] begin began begun eat ate eaten [bi'gin] [bi'gcsn] [bi'gAn] [i:t] [et] [■i:tn] blow blew blown fall fell fallen [Ыэи] [bill:] [Ь1эоп] [foil] [fel] [fo:ln] bring brought brought feel felt felt [brio] [bro:t] [bro:t] [fi:l] [felt] [felt] build built built fight fought fought [bild] [bill] [bill] [fait] [fo:t] [fo:t] burn burnt burnt find found found [Ьз;п] [Ьз:Ш] (burned) [Ьз:п1] (burned) [famd] fly [faond] flew [faund] flown buy [bai] bought [bo:t] bought [bo;t] [flai] forget [flu:] forgot [flaun] forgot- catch [kaetj] caught [ko:t] caught [ko;t] [fo'get] [fa'got] ten [fa'gotn] choose chose chosen get got got [tju:z] [tfaoz] ['tjauzan] [get] [got] [got] come came come give gave given [клт] [keim] [kAm] [giv] [geiv] ['givn] cost cost cost go went gone [kost] [kost] [kDSt] [дэи] [went] [gon] do did done grow grew grown [du:] [did] [dAn] [grau] [gru:] [graun] L 171 172 have had had put put put [haev] [haed] [haed] [put] [put] [put] hear heard heard read read read [hi9] [hard] [hard] [ri:d] [red] [red] hide hid hidden ride rode ridden [haid] [hid] [’hidn] [raid] [rsud] ['ridn] hold held held rise rose risen [hauld] [held] [held] [raiz] [rauz] ['rizn] hurt hurt hurt run ran run [hsrt] [hs:t] [hart] [ГЛП] [raen] [ГЛП] keep kept kept say said said [ki:p] [kept] [kept] [sei] [sed] [sed] know knew known see saw seen [пэи] [nju:] [пэип] [si;] [so:] [si:n] lead led led sell sold sold [Ii;d] [led] [led] [sel] [S9Uld] [S9Uld] learn learnt learnt send sent sent [h:n] [l3:nt] (learned) [larnt] (learned) [send] [sent] [sent] leave left left set set set [li:v] [left] [left] [set] [set] [set] lie lay lain shake shook shaken [lai] [lei] [lein] Lfeik] [fuk] ['Jeik9n] lose lost lost shine shone shone [lu:z] [lost] [Inst] [fain] [fon] [fnn] make made made sing sang sung [meik] [meid] [meid] [sip] [saep] [sap] mean meant meant sleep slept slept [mi:n] [ment] [ment] [sli:p] [slept] [slept] meet met met smell smelt smelt [mi:t] [met] [met] [smel] [smelt] (smelled) [smelt] (smelled) pay paid paid speak spoke spoken [pel] [peid] [peid] [spi:k] [sp9uk] ['sp9uk9n] spend spent spent think thought thought [spend] [spent] [spent] [0ipk] [0o:t] [0o:t] stand stood stood throw threw thrown [staend] [stud] [stud] [0гэи] [0ru:] [0roun] steal stole stolen understand understood understood [sti:l] [stoul] [‘stoubn] [дndэ'staend] [дndэ'stud] [Ando'stud] swim swam swum wake (up) woke (up) woken (up) [swim] [swaem] [swAm] [weik] [w3uk] ['woukon] take took taken wear wore worn [teik] [tuk] ['teikn] [weo] [wo:] [wo:n] teach taught taught win won won [ti:tn [to:t] [to:t] [win] [WAn] [WAn] tell told told write wrote written [tel] [tsuld] [tsuld] [rait] [rout] ['ritn] 173 COMTEMTS ^______________________________________________________________________________ ROUND-UP LESSONS................................................................ 3 Lesson 1..................................................................... 4 Personal Identification...................................................... — Text “A Friendly Family”.................................................... 14 Lesson 2.................................................................... 17 Daily Life................................................................... — Text “Peter’s Holiday”...................................................... 26 Lesson 3.................................................................... 29 Free Time.................................................................... — Text “Whatever Happened to Uncle Oscar”, part I............................. 38 Lesson 4.................................................................... 43 Travelling .................................................................. — Text “My Friend Is an Alien”................................................ 53 Lesson 5.................................................................... 60 So Many Countries, So Many Customs........................................... — Text “More about British and Russian Traditions”............................ 71 BASIC COURSE................................................................... 76 The World Around Us......................................................... 77 Lesson 6..................................................................... — Text “Continents and Countries”............................................. 84 Lesson 7.................................................................... 92 Text “English-speaking Countries”...........................................101 Lesson 8....................................................................104 Text “Animals in Danger”....................................................112 Lesson 9....................................................................116 Text “Twelve Flowers of the Year”...........................................124 Lesson 10...................................................................129 Text “The Earth Is in Danger”...............................................135 Lesson 11. Review 1.........................................................139 Project Work................................................................144 English-Russian Vocabulary..................................................145 Irregular Verbs.............................................................171 Учебное издание Верещагина Ирина Николаевна Афанасьева Ольга Васильевна Английский язык V класс Учебник для общеобразовательных организаций и школ с углублённым изучением английского языка с приложением на электронном носителе В ДВУХ ЧАСТЯХ Часть 1 Центр группы германских языков Руководитель Центра В. В. Копылова Зам. руководителя Н. И. Максименко Редактор Е. Ю. Туйцына Художественный редактор Н. В.Дождёва Художники Е. В. Фёдорова, М. М.Долганова, Т. В. Потехина Технические редакторы и верстальщики И. М. Капранова, Т.М.Якутович Корректор Д. Б. Трубникова Налоговая льгота — Общероссийский классификатор продукции ОК 005-93— 953000. Изд. лиц. Серия ИД № 05824 от 12.09.01. Подписано в печать 18.03.13. Формат 84xl08'/i6- Бумага офсетная. Гарнитура SchoolBookC SP. Печать офсетная. Уч.-изд. л. 9,28. Тираж 25 000 экз. Заказ № 1305240. Открытое акционерное общество «Издательство «Просвещение». 127521, Москва, 3-й проезд Марьиной рощи, д. 41. Отпечатано в полном соответствии с качеством 3rV3tO предоставленного электронного оригинал-макета в ОАО «Ярославский полиграфкомбинат» 150049, Ярославль, ул. Свободы, 97 -ч: 00 : сл ! о! со i о ■ о! 4Ь. i СЛ 1 ш(/> ■ш rZ Учебно-методический комплект «Английский язык» авторов И. Н. Верещагиной, О. В. Афанасьевой для V класса включает: 'i:’ рабочие программы (V-IX классы) м учебник (в 2 частях) с электронным приложением ABBYY Lingvo с аудиокурсом на CD рабочую тетрадь V книгу для чтения V книгу для учителя W контрольные задания с аудиокурсом на сайте W https://prosv.ru/umk/vereshchagina ____QS______ ПРОСВЕЩЕНИЕ ИЗДАТЕЛЬСТВО